German 1 - Hallo

QuestionAnswer
Hi
interjection
Hallo
You might have heard the formal greeting Guten Tag , but nowadays everyone says Hallo. If you enter a shop, people will greet you with Hallo.
Bye
interjection
Tschüss
You might have heard the formal greeting Auf Wiedersehen, but nowadays everyone says Tschüss. If you leave a shop, people will say Tschüss.
I
pronoun
ich
to be
verb
sein
am
pronoun
bin
I am (name)
phrase
Ich bin ...
Ich bin Ulrike.
Ich bin Peter.
to be called
verb
heissen
My name is ...
phrase
Ich heisse ...
Normally ss is spelled ß in German, but since the invention of the computer and internet this spelling is no longer obliged.
you
pronoun
du
du is informal, so don't use it with strangers, except if they are children. You might use it if your friend brings his buddies along, but generally we tend to first offer someone the right to use du with us.
how
adverb
wie
You have seen 'wie' in the question about the name before. We tend to rather ask 'How is your name?' than 'What is your name?'
What's your name?
sentence
Wie heisst du?
We tend to ask How is your name? rather than What is your name?
you (polite)
Sie
Sie is the formal version of you which you we use with everybody except close friends, family or children. Once we get more friendly with people, we might offer them or they might offer to us to use du instead.
What's your name? (polite)
sentence
Wie heissen Sie?
to go
verb
gehen
it
pronoun
es
du - dative case
pronoun
dir
You will learn more about the dative case later.
How are you?
sentence
Wie geht es dir?
informal
Sie - dative case
pronoun
Ihnen
Du - dir
Sie - Ihnen

We'll look at how this works out later, just try to link them together in your brain for now :D

How are you? polite
sentence
Wie geht es Ihnen?
good; fine; well
adjectiveadverb
gut
ich - dative case
pronoun
mir
ich - mir
du - dir
Sie - Ihnen
I am fine.
sentence
Mir geht es gut.
I am fine.
sentence
Es geht mir gut.
bad; unwell
adjectiveadverb
schlecht
I am unwell.
sentence
Mir geht es schlecht.

Means I am not doing fine.

Mir ist schlecht would mean I feel like vomiting.

Are you doing well?
sentence
Geht es dir gut?
By starting with the verb we can turn a normal sentence into a yes/no question:
Es geht dir gut = You are doing well
Geht es dir gut? = Are you doing well?
Is your name Peter?
sentence
Heisst du Peter?
Yes
Ja
Yes, my name is Peter.
sentence
Ja, ich heisse Peter.
Are you well? polite
sentence
Geht es Ihnen gut?
thank you
interjection
danke
You might have come across 'Dankeschön'. This word is not used in a regular sentence. It is simply too long. You use it only as a phrase and on special occasions. It means This is really kind of you or pretty thank you with a cherry on top :D
Thank you, I am doing fine.
sentence
Danke, es geht mir gut.
no
nein
not
nicht
so
conjunctionadverb
so
No, I am not very well.
sentence
Nein, es geht mir nicht so gut.

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