Elon.io logoELON.IO

Japanese

Lesson 185: The Plain Form III: Present Tense Negative Verbs

0%

Conjugating verbs to the negative present tense in the plain form varies depending on the verb's ending. There are three types of endings we need to pay attention to:

  1. Group 2, or いちだん verbs, which all end in -る
  2. Group 1, or だん verbs that end in -う
  3. Group 1, or だん verbs that do not end in -う
  4. The irregular verbs です、ある、する、来る

For いちだん verbs, replace the -る with -ない. For example, 食べる becomes 食べない.

I do not eat cheese because I have an allergy.アレルギー が ある ら、 チーズ を べない。
arerugii ga aru kara, tiizu wo tabenai.

For だん verbs that end in -う, change the -う into -わない. For example, 買う becomes 買わない.

Though her voice is beautiful, she doesn't sing.彼女かのじょ の こえ  うつくしい けど、 うたわない。
kanozyo no koe ha utukusii kedo, utawanai.

For だん verbs not ending in -う, change the -sound into an -あ-sound, and add ない. For example, becomes かない.

I won't go again.もう かない。
mou ikanai.
Although (I) don't understand it, (I) like it!からない けど、 き だ よ!
wakaranai kedo, suki da yo!

And finally, the negative plain form for the irregular verbs is as follows:

Plain Form PositivePlain Form Negative
じゃない
あるない
するしない
来るない

And here are example sentences for each of them:

It is not the real thing.ほんもの じゃ ない。
honmono zya nai.
Don't you have a good idea?いい アイディア が ない か?
ii aidhia ga nai ka?
(I) won't do it.しない。
sinai.
I won't come today.きょ は ない。
kyou ha konai.
Practice this lesson