German 38 - Die Geschichte des kleinen Mannes -Teil 10

QuestionAnswer
ten
zehn
jealous
eifersüchtig
The little man is jealous.
Der kleine Mann ist eifersüchtig.
The next day he goes again during coffee break to the little coffee shop.
Am nächsten Tag geht er in der Kaffeepause wieder in das kleine Café.
Not because he wants to see the beautiful woman...
Nicht weil er die schöne Frau sehen will...
rather /on the contrary
vielmehr
to avoid
vermeiden
rather because he wants to avoid seeing her.
vielmehr weil er es vermeiden will, sie zu sehen.
He doesn't want to see her together with the boss.
Er will sie nicht mit dem Chef zusammen sehen.
never again
nie wieder
He would also prefer never to see the boss again.
Am liebsten würde er den Chef auch nie wieder sehen.
But that can't be avoided.
Aber das läßt sich nicht vermeiden.
He needs his work.
Er braucht seine Arbeit.
easy
leicht
He won't find easily a new job.
Einen neuen Job findet er nicht leicht.
In German we don't need the future tense here. It is a general truth. Jobs are not easy to be had. and present tense will suffice in German.
He goes into the coffee shop and sits down at the little table in the corner.
Er geht in das Café und setzt sich an den kleinen Tisch in der Ecke.
I didn't contract in das to ins here.

I have in mind to stress the word in with my voice. We already know he was going to the coffee shop. He was walking slowly, deeply in his thoughts... but now he finally enters the place.

But mind, ins would be correct...

to trust
trauen
trauen -to trust /believe

sich trauen to dare (to trust oneself to do sthg)

the eyes
die Augen
He doesn't believe his eyes.
Er traut seinen Augen nicht.
The beautiful woman sits at the neighbour table.
Am Nachbartisch sitzt die schöne Frau.
She smiles at him.
Sie lächelt zu ihm herüber.
You could translate this as

Sie lächelt ihn an.

However here this smile has to cross quite a distance - from one table to another - therefore I used herüber

Also keep in mind, we are looking with the eyes of the little man. Here is where he is and she is over there. She smiles from over there towards here (her-). Her smile crosses over (über) the tables.

the sign
das Zeichen
the hand
die Hand
with a hand
mit der Hand
She makes a sign with her hand.
Sie macht ein Zeichen mit der Hand.
He should come
Er soll kommen
He should come to her.
Er soll zu ihr kommen.
He should come over to her.
Er soll zu ihr hinüberkommen.
We are still looking with the eyes of the little man. He is here and he should go over there (dahin).

Er geht hin. - He goes over there.

But now the lady is talking. She wants him to come

She says: "Come!"

"Komm zu mir herüber.

He says: "I shall come?"

"I shall come over there?"

"Ich soll hinüberkommen?"

that
daß
She makes a sign with the hand that he should come over to her.
Sie macht ein Zeichen mit der Hand, daß er zu ihr hinüberkommen soll.
He doesn't go (over there).
Er geht nicht hinüber.
to wave
winken
She waves again.
Sie winkt noch einmal.
He looks away.
Er blickt weg.
The beautiful woman comes over to him.
Die schöne Frau kommt zu ihm herüber.
Still looking with the man's eyes. She was there , now she comes towards here (herüber)
She sits down at his table and says...
Sie setzt sich an seinen Tisch und sagt...
What's the matter?
Was ist los?
to think
denken
I thought
Ich dachte
the friend /the boyfriend
der Freund
the friends
die Freunde
we
wir
we are
wir sind
We are friends.
Wir sind Freunde.
I thought we were friends.
Ich dachte wir wären Freunde.
(a common way of speech)

A more formal version would be:

Ich dachte, daß wir Freunde sind.

or with the use of conjunctive:

Ich dachte, wir wären Freunde.

(implying that apparently that is not the case)

"I thought so, too," says the little man.
"Das dachte ich auch." sagt der kleine Mann.
to know
wissen

wissen (to know a fact/ to have knowledge)

kennen (to be familiar/acquainted with)

Do you know Peter?

I know who he is, but I don't know him personally.

Kennst du Peter?

Ich weiß, wer er ist, aber ich kenne ihn nicht (persönlich).

meaning: wissen - I can point on him, I know what he looks like ...

nicht kennen - I never talked to him, I don't know much/ anything about him...

I knew
ich wußte
I didn't know
Ich wußte nicht
the (female) friend/ the girlfriend
die Freundin
the girlfriend of the boss
die Freundin des Chefs
my boss
mein Chef
the girlfriend of my boss
die Freundin meines Chefs

btw. the word 'die' is what makes her the girlfriend. She is this one special friend...

eine Freundin meines Chefs - a (female) friend of my boss

"I didn't know that you are the girlfriend of my boss."
"Ich wußte nicht, daß Sie die Freundin meines Chefs sind."
(the) trouble
der Ärger
enough
genug
I have enough trouble.
Ich habe genug Ärger.
the scandal
der Skandal
no scandal (acc.)
keinen Skandal
"I can't afford (having) a scandal."
"Ich kann mir keinen Skandal leisten."
"I am not the girlfriend of the boss, I am merely his secretary."
"Ich bin nicht die Freundin des Chefs, ich bin bloß seine Sekretärin."

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