German 12 - Die Geschichte des kleinen Mannes (Fortsetzung - follow up)

QuestionAnswer
The small man is unhappy.
sentence
Der kleine Mann ist unglücklich.
the life
noun
das Leben
his
pronoun
sein
sein + masc. and neuter nouns seine + fem. nouns
his pizza
phrase
seine Pizza
his life
phrase
sein Leben
His life is boring.
sentence
Sein Leben ist langweilig.
in the morning
adverb
morgens
morgens - describes something regular / generally in the morning
up
adverb
auf
to stand
verb
stehen
to get up
verb
aufstehen

Oooh here I opened a can of worms... aufstehen is a combination of two words glued together. Germans like glueing words together. We even have special word glueing games. But I leave that for later :D

What is glued however can also be 'unglued ' again....

Let's look at our example

aufstehen = auf (up) + stehen (to stand).

Together it means: to get up / to stand up

if we use it together with a second verb, nothing bad happens

I want to aufstehen

I have to aufstehen

I dream of aufstehen

But -here comes the tricky part- when we use aufstehen alone, it splits up and you ll never know where the different bits go in the sentence (I know of course :D)

I get up - Ich stehe auf.

I get up in the morning: Morgens stehe ich auf. or Ich stehe morgens auf.

In the morning he gets up.
sentence
Morgens steht er auf.
early
adjectiveadverb
früh
He gets up early.
sentence
Er steht früh auf.
to sleep
verb
schlafen
to go to bed (to go to sleep)
verb
schlafen gehen
the piece
noun
das Stück
breakfast
noun
das Frühstück
Did you see a familiar bit in this word? früh - early Stück is a piece. So Frühstück is an "early piece"
to eat
verb
essen
he eats
phrase
er ißt
Let's try to use from now on the 'ß' for the double s- that's part of the fun.

btw. you can't use it in the word 'essen'. because the 2 s are not in the same syllable. You say 'es- sen'.

his breakfast
phrase
sein Frühstück
He eats his breakfast.
sentence
Er ißt sein Frühstück.
then
adverb
dann
he goes
phrase
er geht
watch out:

if you add a time expression before this phrase, the two words change order. Isn't German a fun language:D

Er geht.- He goes.

Dann geht er. - Then he goes.

Morgens geht er.- In the morning he goes.

Then he goes to work
sentence
Dann geht er arbeiten.
Then he goes to eat.
sentence
Dann geht er essen.
the noon
noun
der Mittag
the food
noun
das Essen
lunch
noun
das Mittagessen
his lunch
phrase
sein Mittagessen
He eats his lunch.
sentence
Er ißt sein Mittagessen.
canteen (cafeteria)
noun
die Kantine
a restaurant provided by an organization such as a college, factory, or company for its students or staff
He eats his lunch in the canteen.
sentence
Er ißt sein Mittagessen in der Kantine.
Still remember your Dativ?

in der Firma

in der Kantine

The lunch is boring.
sentence
Das Mittagessen ist langweilig.
every
jeden
the day
noun
der Tag
every day
phrase
jeden Tag
equal; same
adjective
gleich
the same lunch
phrase
das gleiche Mittagessen
the same
noun
die/der/das Gleichedie/der/das Gleiche

The gender of Gleiche depends on the word it refers to

If we are talking about das (gleiche) Mittagessen, we use das Gleiche

Itdas Mittagessen is the same every day.
sentence
Es ist jeden Tag das Gleiche.
to be tasty / to taste good
verb
schmecken
It does not taste good.
sentence
Es schmeckt nicht.
again
adverb
wieder
Then he works again.
sentence
Dann arbeitet er wieder.
to
preposition
nach
(to) home
adverb
nachhause

nachhause (also spelled 'nach Hause') is a direction

zuhause (at home) is a location.

Then he goes home.
sentence
Dann geht er nachhause.
the evening
noun
der Abend
the bread
noun
das Brot
supper
noun
das Abendbrot
Then he eats supper.
sentence
Dann ißt er Abendbrot.
the cheese
noun
der Käse
Everything is bad.lit. Everything is cheese.
Alles Käse!
Käse ! (damn it!) exclamation when something goes wrong
with
preposition
mit
bread with cheese
phrase
Brot mit Käse
cheese with bread
phrase
Käse mit Brot
Bread with cheese, cheese with bread, every day the same...
sentence
Brot mit Käse, Käse mit Brot, jeden Tag das Gleiche...
Then he goes to bed
sentence
Dann geht er schlafen.
Then he gets up.
sentence
Dann steht er auf.
Then he eats breakfast.
sentence
Dann ißt er Frühstück.
Then he goes to work.
sentence
Dann geht er arbeiten.
Then he goes to eat.
sentence
Dann geht er essen.
Then he goes again to work.
sentence
Dann geht er wieder arbeiten.
Then he goes home again.
sentence
Dann geht er wieder nachhause.
to; at
preposition
zu
at home
adverb
zuhause
At home he eats supper.
sentence
Zuhause ißt er Abendbrot.
Then he goes to bed again.
sentence
Dann geht er wieder schlafen.
Then he gets up again.
sentence
Dann steht er wieder auf.
enough
adjectiveadverb
genug
to be enough
verb
reichen
Enough ! (It's enough!)
sentence
Genug! Es reicht!
Both expressions mean the same. You can use either, or both together.
The small man's life is boring.
sentence
Das Leben des kleinen Mannes ist langweilig.
to know
verb
wissen
He knows it.
sentence
Er weiß es.
He knows it and he is unhappy.
sentence
Er weiß es und er ist unglücklich.
the continuation
noun
die Fortsetzung
to follow, to succeed
verb
folgen
to be continued
sentence
Fortsetzung folgt.

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