If a sentence has both a subject and a direct object the subject is the actor and the direct object is acted upon. For example in the sentence He is reading a book, He is the subject, because He is doing the reading, while a book is the direct object, because it is the thing being read. It is acted upon by the subject.
|Sentence||Finding the subject||Subject||Finding the object||Direct object|
|He is reading a book.||Who is reading?||He||What is he reading?||a book|
|Pablo treats Maria without respect.||Who is treating (without respect)?||Pablo||Who is Pablo treating (without respect)?||Maria|
We already know the word order for the sentences above in Spanish.
|He is reading a book.||Él lee un libro.|
|Pablo treats Maria without respect.||Pablo trata Maria sin respeto.|
When we use a pronoun instead of a book or Maria, then the pronoun comes immediately before the verb.
|He treats me with much respect.||Me trata con mucho respeto.|
|I believe you.||Te creo.|
|Are you reading the book? Yes. I am reading it.||¿Lees el libro? Sí. Lo leo.|
|Are you buying the house? No. I'm not buying it.||¿Compras la casa? No. No la compro.|
|Pablo treats her without respect.||Pablo la trata sin respeto.|
|They are taking us to the island.||Nos llevan a la isla.|
|We are taking you to the island.||Vos llevamos a la isla.|
|Don't you believe them?||¿No los crees?|