Question | Answer |
---|---|

tendency to ignore evidence that disproves ideas or beliefs | confirmation bias |

unanticipated outside factor that affects both variables of interest, often giving the false impression that changes in one variable causes changes in the other variable, when, in actuality, the outside factor causes changes in both variables | confounding variable |

relationship between two or more variables; when two variables are correlated, one variable changes as the other does | correlation |

number from -1 to +1, indicating the strength and direction of the relationship between variables, and usually represented by r | correlation coefficient |

two variables change in different directions, with one becoming larger as the other becomes smaller; a negative correlation is not the same thing as no correlation | negative correlation |

two variables change in the same direction, both becoming either larger or smaller | positive correlation |

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The content of this course has been taken from the free Psychology textbook by Openstax