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Lesson 22: There is, there are

Japanese has two verbs to express the English phrase there is, there are. The verb ある is used for inanimate objects, and いる for living beings. The polite forms of these verbs are あります and います respectively. You will learn how to conjugate verbs later. The verbs ある and いる are used together with the particle to express there is, there are.

English Japanese
There are mountains in Japan. ほんやまがあります。
nihon ni yama ga arimasu.
There is a tree (over) there. あそこにがあります。
asoko ni ki ga arimasu.

You can also use the verbs together with ni to indicate the location of things, without it being translated to there is, there are.

English Japanese
There is a cow in the river. かわうしがいます。
kawa ni usi ga imasu.
I'm in the car of the king. おうくるまにいます。
ou no kuruma ni imasu.

Note that even though you can say ここです to indicate that you are here, you cannot say おうくるまです, since this would mean It is the king's car. You also cannot use です in combination with , so おうくるまにです is ungrammatical.

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