You've already learned several ways to describe the relative position of things in Japanese.
In this lesson we will expand that vocabulary to include 近く, meaning near,
隣, meaning next to,
and 間, meaning between.
To say that A is near or next to B, we use the pattern ＡはＢのＸです,
with X being 近く or 隣 respectively.
To say that A is between B and C, we use the pattern AはBとCの間です.
Below are some example sentences using these words in context.
Is Tokyo near Yokohama?
東京は横浜の近くですか？ toukyou ha yokohama no tikaku desu ka?
That's so. Tokyo is next to Yokohama.
そうです。東京は横浜の隣です。 sou desu. toukyou ha yokohama no tonari desu.
My car is between the Mercedes and Toyota.
私の車はメルセデスとトヨタの間です。 watasi no kuruma ha merusedesu to toyota no aida desu.
The new library is next to the bar.
新しい図書館はバーの隣です。 atarasii tosyokan ha baa no tonari desu.