All verbs in Group 2 end in る. Note that not all verbs ending in る are in Group 2; as we have seen 入る belongs in Group 1 even though it ends in る.
Verbs in Group 2 are easily transformed into their long form using the following two steps:
- Remove る from the end of the verb to obtain the stem.
- Attach the ます ending to the stem.
|English||Dictionary form (casual)||Stem||Long form (neutral/formal)|
|to see; to look at, to watch||見る|
|to leave, to go out, to exit||出る|
The verbs 見る and 食べる take direct objects, and 出る does not take an object.
|I will watch the king tomorrow.||明日 王 を 見ます。asita ou wo mimasu.|
|I will eat shellfish.||貝 を 食べます。kai wo tabemasu.|
|Do you eat shellfish?||貝 を 食べます か？kai wo tabemasu ka?|
|I will leave now.||今 出ます。ima demasu.|