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Lesson 227: Expressing intention with つもり


By using a verb in the plain form + つもり, you can express your intention or plan to do something.

For example, if you are going to Japan in the spring, you could say はるほんきます. This explains what you are going to do, but if you want to express your definite intention to do it, or if you are planning on it but not certain it will happen yet, you can instead say はるほんくつもりです.

See the below table for some example sentences using this pattern.

We're planning to go to Kyoto in the summer vacation.わたしたち は なつやすみ に きょう に く つもり だ。
watasitati ha natuyasumi ni kyouto ni iku tumori da.
I was planning to study Japanese today...きょ は ほん を べんきょうする つもり だった。
kyou ha nihongo wo benkyousuru tumori datta.
The teacher is planning to visit her next week.せんせい は らいしゅう かのじょ を  に く つもり。
sensei ha raisyuu kanozyo wo mi ni iku tumori.

You can also use つもり with a verb in ない-form to describe what you are planning not to do.

Shall we go to a restaurant tonight? I intend not to cook today.こん レストラン に きましょう か。 きょ りょうしない つもり です。
konya resutoran ni ikimasyou ka. kyou ryourisinai tumori desu.

And you can use つもりはない or つもりはありません to describe the absence of an intention.

I don't intend to go see that movie.あの えい を  に く つもり は ない。
ano eiga wo mi ni iku tumori ha nai.
He wasn't planning to come to class today.かれ は 今日きょう じゅぎょう へ くる つもり は ありません でした。
kare ha kyou zyugyou he kuru tumori ha arimasen desita.
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