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Lesson 249: Comparisons with より ~ ほうが

We've learned how to use より to compare nouns, and now we’re going to learn a similar construction that allows us to compare adjectives and verbs as well.

In Japanese, adjectives don’t change when you want to make a comparison. Rather than adding a suffix to them as in English (e.g. fast, faster), in Japanese we use the phrase より ~ ほうが also written as より ~ ほう.

In a previous lesson, we learned to say:

Today is busier than yesterday. きょきのよりいそがしいです。
kyou ha kinou yori isogasii desu.

When using より ~ ほうが, we would say:

Today is busier than yesterday. きのよりきょほういそがしいです。
kinou yori kyou no hou ga isogasii desu.

It can also be written the other way round, so A ほうが B より~. For example:

Today is busier than yesterday. きょほうきのよりいそがしいです。
kyou no hou ga kinou yori isogasii desu.

より ~ ほうが combines with verbs, adjectives and nouns as follows:

Verb より Verb ほう が Verb ほう が Verb より
Adjective より い-adjective ほう が い-adjective ほう が Adjective より
Adjective より な-adjective + な ほう が な-adjective + な ほう が Adjective より
Noun より Noun + の ほう が Noun + の ほう が Noun より

See the below tables for some more examples:

I like hot (weather) more than the cold. さむいよりあつほうきだ。
samui yori atui hou ga suki da.
The bus is cheaper than the train. バスのほうでんしゃよりやすいです。
basu no hou ga densya yori yasui desu.
I think it's more interesting to watch films than to read books. ほんむよりえいほうおもしろいとおもう。
hon wo yomu yori eiga wo miru hou ga omosiroi to omou.
I'm taller than my younger sister. わたしほういもうとさんよりたかいです。
watasi no hou ga imoutosan yori se ga takai desu.
A: Which do you prefer, summer or winter? B: I like summer more than winter. なつふゆとどちらのほうきか。」「なつほうふゆより好すきだ。」
natu to huyu to dotira no hou ga suki ka. natu no hou ga huyu yori suki da.
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