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Indonesian (Pimsleur, Indonesian Way, Uni of Queensland)

QuestionAnswer
"before" in the distant past, "first" in the sequence of eventsdulu
"ouch" interjectionaduh
#NAME?enggak
(adjective) state, government (owned)negeri
(administrative unit) a village (d)desa
(from) theredari sana
(in) what year?tahun berapa?
(informal) A slangy exclamation which, when it appears at the beginning of a phrase or sentence, expresses mild surprise and incredulitylho
(informal) fine, acceptable. nice, greatsip
(informal) forbuat
(informal) I don't believe you/it!, come off it!, you're kidding me!masak!
(informal) in the morningkalo pagi
(informal) thanksmakasih
(informal) the thing is, becausesoalnya
(informal) the thing is, becausesoalnya
(informal) to choosemilih (pilih)
(informal) to go to the movies, to watch something (especially TV, a sports match, a parade etc.)nonton (tonton)
(informal) to helpnolong (tolong)
(informal) to make (something)bikin
(informal) to meet, to findketemu
(informal) to snorengorok
(informal) to thinkmikir (pikir)
(informal)by (a certain mode of transport), withpake
(informal)how come?, why?kok
(long) lounge chair, sofakursi panjang
(medical) doctor, physiciandokter
(particle) now ..., okay (let's move on to something else)nah
(short for 'kilogram') a kilogram, a kilometrekilo
(slangy) if as for (me/him/that etc.) as far as ... is concerned (informal)kalo
(slangy) to like (especially food)doyan
(slangy) what kind of...apaan
(slangy)very, reallybanget
(someone's) name, the name (of something)nama
(the Javanese term for) the period of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting monthLebaran
(to) hereke sini
(to) thereke sana
(to) whereke mana
(you) don't need to, don't bothertidak usah
-teen-belas
..., right? ...have you? ...do you? ...does he/she? ...okay? (seeking confirmation or approval)ya?
...ago, last...yang lalu
..done by..dilakukan
a (group classifier for animals)seekor
a (sports) match, a football matchpertandingan
a bank checkcek
a bank, (i.e. a financial institution)bank
a banyan treepohon beringin
a beauty salonsalon kecantikan
a biographyriwayat hidup
a blood vessel, a vein, an arterypembuluh darah
a boarding houserumah kos
a bodybadan
a bombbom
a bonetulang
a bossmajikan
a boxkotak
a boxkotak
a boyfriend / girlfriendpacar
a breathnafas
a broom (to sweep floor)sapu
a brother/sister, a sibling, a relativesaudara
a bucketember
a buildingbangunan
a businessman, a businesswoman, an entrepreneurpengusaha (usaha)
a cakekue
a cardkartu
a carpentertukang kayu
a certain person, someoneseseorang
a chequecek
a chick, a young womancewek
a child, a son/daughteranak
a cigaretterokok
a civil servantpegawai negeri
a classroom, grade/schoolyearkelas
a cloth, raglap
a coachpelatih
a coatjaket
a cold, to have a coldpilek
a combsisir
a committeepanitia
a community health centrePuskesmas
a componentkomponen
a coverpenutup (tutup)
a credit cardkartu kredit
a cupcangkir
a cylindrical pillow, a bolsterguling
a dancetari
a dayhari
a day off, a (day off for a) holiday, a one-day holidayhari libur
a dealer/merchantpedagang
a decisionkeputusan
a degree of temperaturederajat
a dentistdokter gigi
a dictionarykamus
a diplomaijazah
a diseasepenyakit
a dollboneka
a dormitoryasrama
a dream, to dreammimpi
a driversopir
a duck (not bebek)itik
a duty, tasktugas
a facultyfakultas
a feast day, a big religious holidayhari raya
a feeling, a sense, a sensation of somethingrasa
a fewbeberapa
a few, a small number ofsebagian kecil
a field, a (sports) ground, an open space (especially for recreation)lapangan
a figure, digitsangka
a fisheryperikanan
a fixed priceharga pas
a flagbendera
a flamenyala
a flightpenerbangan
a fly overjalan layang
a for abstract thingssuatu
a form (blank)formulir
a garden, a plantationkebun
a gathering, meeting, rallypertemuan
a gift, a presenthadiah
a gift/present brought back for family or a friend after a trip somewhereoleh-oleh
a grandson/a granddaughtercucu
a grave, a tombmakam
a halfsetengah
a hattopi
a head clothikat kepala
a helmethelm
a heropahlawan
a horror movie/filmfilm horor
a horsekuda
a household servantpembantu (bantu)
a housewifeibu rumah tangga
a housing complexperumahan
a human beingmanusia
a journalist, a reporterwartawan
a kettleceret
a key (for unlocking)kunci
a lamplampu
a leaderpemimpin (pimpin)
a leaf, leavesdaun
a lecture (in a university coursekuliah
a letter (i.e. an item of correspondence)surat
a lipsticklipstik
a literary critickritikus
a littlesedikit
a little (slang for sedikit)dikit
a little bitsedikit
a little pond, a damempang
a little, a fewsedikit
a loan of money, a lend of somethingpinjaman
a location, a sitelokasi
a long way away, distantjauh
a lot (of), many, muchbanyak
a manpria
a managerpengelola (kelola)
a measureukur
a mechanicmontir
a meeting, session, gatheringrapat
a member, parts of somethinganggota
a midwifebidan
a mine (place for digging minerals)tambang
a minister (government)menteri
a mistake, an errorkesalahan
a mobile phone, a hand phoneHP
a moment, a point in time, a short time, while, duringsaat
a mostly transparent traditional women blousekebaya
a mouth ulcersariawan
a movegerakan
a neighbourtetangga
a noblebangsawan
a number-word indicating multiples of tenpuluh
a packagebungkusan
a pajamabaju tidur
a palaceistana
a parktaman
a partnerpasangan
a party, a festivalpesta
a peakpuncak
a pearlmutiara
a penpena
a pencilpensil
a permitizin
a person who is wise, prudentBudiman
a pharmacyapotek
a photographfoto
a picturegambar
a piece of cloth, textile, garmentkain
a place of residencetempat tinggal
a place to eat, food courttempat makan
a place, room (i.e. space to put something)tempat
a playerpemain (main)
a pocketsaku
a poolkolam
a post cardkartu pos
a pot, saucepanpanci
a prayer (especially a personal, meditative prayer)doa
a predictionramalan
a president, President (so-and-so)Presiden
a primary school, an elementary schoolsekolah dasar
a problempersoalan
a quality, a characteristic, a featuresifat
a quarterseperempat
a question word meaning: why ?ngapain
a reception area in a traditional Javanese housependopo
a receptionistresepsionis
a refrigeratorkulkas
a region, an areakawasan
a religion, religion (in general)agama
a reportlaporan
a right, privilegehak
a riversungai
a roof tile, tiles (for a roof)genteng
a root, rootsakar
a row, a seriesjajar
a sarongsarung
a schedulejadwal
a seasonmusim
a secretarysekretaris
a sectionseksi
a seed, seed, a berry, a pip beans (e.g. coffee beans), the stone (in stone fruit)biji
a sellerpenjual (jual)
a senior technical high, schoolSekolah Teknik Atas
a shirtkemeja
a shirt, a dress, an upper-body garment, (also loosely: clothes)baju
a shopping centrepusat perbelanjaan
a short time, a momentsebentar
a showpertunjukan
a shy personpemalu (malu)
a sick personorang sakit
a signaturetanda tangan
a singerpenyanyi
a skirtrok
a small boat, a traditional Indonesian, sailboat, a yachtperahu
a small child, a little boy/girlanak kecil
a soldier, the army, the armed forcestentara
a songlagu
a song, a tune, a piece of musiclagu
a sort, a kind, a sort of, a kind ofmacam
a squarepersegi
a stafferpetugas
a state-owned corporationBadan Usaha Milik Negara
a state-owned corporation (abbreviation)BUMN (Badan Usaha Milik Negara)
a stationstasiun
a stew of beef chunks cooked until dry in spices and shredded coconutrendang
a storykisah
a story, to tellcerita
a sub-districtkecamatan
a subject (of study at a university), a course, a unit of studymata kuliah
a suitpakaian setelan
a summaryringkasan
a symptomgejala
a t-shirtkaus
a tablemeja
a tablet (i.e. a kind of pill)tablet
a teacherpengajar (ajar)
a teamtim
a teapotpoci
a telephonetelepon
a television/radio program, something you plan to doacara
a tent, campkemah
a thesisskripsi
a thiefpencuri (curi)
a three-wheeled pedicabbecak
a three-wheeled taxicabbemo
a tickettiket
a toilet (room), a toilet bowl, a WCWC
a tonguelidah
a tonic, a tonic drink, a health drinktonikum
a touristturis
a tourist bureau, a travel agencybiro pariwisata
a trapjebak
a trucktruk
a tub (in a bathroom), the tray (on the back of a truck)bak
a turn, to make a turnbelok
a turn, to make a turnbelok
a type, a category, a class of something, a species of somethingjenis
a vegetable, vegetablessayuran
a vehiclekendaraan
a verandahberanda
a verbkata kerja
a verse, a stanza (from a poem or from holy scripture)ayat
a vetinary doctor, a vetdokter hewan
a village (k)kampung
a villagerorang desa
a virginperawan
a voice, a soundsuara
a waiter / waitresspelayan (layan)
a washbasin (in a bathroom)wastafel
a way out, a solutionjalan keluar
a widow, a divorceejanda
a widower, a (male) divorceeduda
a witnesssaksi
a woman, a ladywanita
a word, ... said so-and-so (in a, narrative)kata
a work dayhari kerja
a workerpekerja
a wristwatchjam tangan
a writer, an authorpenulis (tulis)
a young unmarried woman, a virgingadis
a younger brother or sister, someone's younger siblingadik
a, onesuatu
a, onesebuah
a, one (prefix as in seratus)se-
a, one, one personseorang
abdomen, bellyperut
able tomampu
abouttentang
about (informal)soal
about, aroundsekitar
about, concerning, relating totentang
aboveatas (1)
above, over, on top ofdi atas
absolutely don’t likesama sekali tidak suka
absolutely, at all, completely, totally (in negative expressions)sama sekali
absorbed; preoccupied; fun; greatasyik
absorbsmenyerap
accepted, receivedditerima
accidentkecelakaan
accompanyikut
accompany / takemengantar
according tomenurut
according to, suitable, appropriatesesuai
acronym for "toko serba" meaning: a department storetoserba
across fromdi seberang
across the streetdi seberang jalan
activeaktif
activitykegiatan
activitykegiatan
actuallysebenarnya
actually, as a matter of factsebenarnya
actually, to be honest, as a matter of factsebetulnya
actually...sebenarnya
added totambah
addition, plus (in mathematics)tambah
addressalamat
administrationadministrasi
adultdewasa
adult (orang)orang dewasa
adult, fully growndewasa
advanced (talking about something that occurs at a further stage)lanjut
advertisementiklan
advicenasihat
aeroplanepesawat terbang
affix which sometimes means "the"nya
afraid, scaredtakut
aftersetelah
after (a more formal variant of sesudah)setelah
after (doing something), after (a certain time)sesudah
after (in time)sesudah
after (informal)habis (informal for 'sesudah')
after (time)sesudah
After that ...Sesudah itu
afternoonsiang
afternoon (late afternoon 3PM to 6PM)sore
againlagi
againlagi
again / elselagi
again, further, extra, more, elselagi
ageumur
agent, agencyagen
agilegesit
agreesetuju
agricultural economicekonomi pertanian
agricultural engineeringteknik pertanian
agricultural enterpriseusaha tani
agriculturepertanian
airudara
air planepesawat terbang
airportbandar udara
alcoholic drinksminuman keras
Alfa Maret: a mini supermarket chain (7 Eleven type shop)alpamaret
alivehidup
all / everyone / everythingsemua
all / everyone / everythingsemuanya
all dayseharian
all kind of fruitsbuah-buahan
all of you, you (plural)kalian
all sorts (of), all kinds (of), various kinds ofmacam-macam
all sorts (of), various (kinds of)bermacam-macam
all, all of them, everyone, everybodysemua
almosthampir
almosthampir
alone, on your own (i.e. without a companion)sendirian
alone, selfsendiri
along with, as well asserta
alphabetabjad
alreadysudah
alreadyudah
alreadysudah
already (slang for sudah)udah
already (slangy use)lagi
already (sudah)udah
already / Is that all? / That's all!sudah
already have (past, very formal, rarely spoken)telah
already saidsudah berkata
alsojuga
alsojuga
also / toojuga
althoughwalaupun
althoughmeskipun
although; thoughwalaupun
altitudeketinggian
alwaysselalu
alwaysselalu
alwaysselalu
always crowdedselalu penuh
always, constanttetap
amazed, full of admirationkagum
american (person)orang amerika
an accountantakuntan
an acquaintancekenalan
an act of parliament, law(s) of the landundang-undang
an act, a deedperbuatan
an addressalamat
an advertisementiklan
an advisor, a counsellorpenasihat (nasihat)
an age, an erazaman
an air hostesspramugari
an alley, a passageway, a corridorgang
an analysisanalisa
an apartment, a flat, a unitapartemen
an applicationsurat lamaran
an artistseniman
an attackserangan
an axekampak
an effortupaya
an electriciantukang listrik
an engineerinsinyur
an experiencesuatu pengalaman
an expression like the English 'Damn!'sialan
an eyemata
an idea/a thoughtpikiran
an implantimplan
an impressionkesan
an injury, an open woundluka
an instructioninstruksi
an interior wall, a dividing, wall (in a house)dinding
an introductionperkenalan
an island eg. the island of Balipulau
an older brother or sister, someone's older siblingkakak
an open fieldladang
an orang-outangorang utan
an order, a command, an instructionperintah
ancestorsnenek moyang
anddan
anddan
anddan
and then (informal)terus (2)
angrymarah
angrymarah
animalbinatang
animalbinatang
animal foodpakan
animal's tail, counter-word for animalsekor
animals (not binatang)hewan
animals (not hewan)binatang
anotheryang lain
answerjawaban
answerjawab
answer, ... answered so-and-so (in a, narrative)jawab
antique itembarang antik
any others?yang lain?
any progress?ada kemajuan?
any questions?ada pertanyaan?
any questions?ada pertanyaan
anyone (pun)siapapun
anyone (saja)siapa saja
anythingapa-apa
anythingapa-apa
anything, anyapapun
anytimekapan saja
apart from, in addition toselain
apekera
ape (greater monkey)kera
apparentlyrupanya
applesapel
approximatelykira-kira
approximatelykira-kira
AprilApril
archipelagonusantara
are both of them small (politely)apakah mereka berdua kecil
Are you American?Apakah kamu orang Amerika?
Are you clever or dumb ?Apakah kamu pandai atau bodoh?
areadaerah
armlengan
arm, sleevelengan
armchairkursi tangan
aroundsekitar
aroundkeliling
around the worldkeliling dunia
around, all aroundsekeliling
arrivetiba
arrive/cometiba
arrogantsombong
artseni
art, fine artkesenian
article before the name of a person "the"si
assebagai
as far as possiblesejauh-jauhnya
as ifseolah-olah
as knownsetahu
as long as, alongsepanjang
as soon as possiblesecepat-cepatnya
as suchbegitulah
as well assebaik
as well asserta
as well as possiblesebaik-baiknya
as, like, similar (slang, same meaning as seperti)kayak
as; like; similar tosebagai
ash trayasbak
ash, ashesabu
asktanya
ask (slang for tanya)nanya
ask iftanya kalau
ask metanya saya
ask, ... asked so-and-so (in a, narrative)tanya
asphaltaspal
at (preposition of time), particle meaning pluralpada
at 9 o'clockpada jam sembilan
at a loss what to do, worried and undecided, undecided who/what to believe, confusedbingung
at firstmula-mula
at five o'clockpada jam lima
at leastpaling tidak
at midnight, in the middle of the nighttengah malam
at nightpada malam hari
at that timepada waktu itu
at the back of/behinddi belakang
at the end ofdi ujung
at the time whenpada waktu
at what timejam berapa
at, in, ondi
atmosphere, ambiencesuasana
attackeddiserang
attempt, effort, endeavor, initiativeusaha
attentionperhatian
AugustAgustus
auntbibi
auntbibi / tante
author, writerpenulis
avocadoalpukat
avocado juicejus alpukat
avoidmenghindari
bachelor degreeS1
Bachelor of Artssarjana muda
bad, eviljahat
bad, grimburuk
badmintonbulu tangkis
bagtas
bagtas
bakerytoko roti
balancedseimbang
baldbotak
baldbotak
bald, barrengundul
Balinese Hindu templepura
ballbola
bananapisang
bananapisang
bananaspisang
bandannabandana
bank clearancekliring
bank customernasabah
bargainingtawar
based onberdasarkan
basic, foundationdasar
basketkeranjang
basketballbola basket
bath soapsabun mandi
bathe/shower (for people only eg not cars)mandi
bathroomkamar mandi
bathroom / toiletkamar kecil
batikbatik
be regarded as (amount in words), be calculated, counted, enumerated, calculated, regarded as, considered as, knownterbilang
be upset, have a tantrumngambek
beachpantai
beachpantai
bear (animal)beruang
beardjenggot
beaten, struckterpukul
beautiful (of art works, scenery, items)indah
beautiful (things / objects)indah
beautykecantikan
becausekarena
becausekarena
becausekarena
because (slang version of karena)karna
because of this/that, for this reason, that is why...oleh karena itu
becomemenjadi
becoming sillymenjadi-jadi
bedtempat tidur
bedroomkamar tidur
beefdaging sapi
beerbir
beerbir
beerbir
beforesebelum
before (a certain time/event)sebelum
before (in time)sebelum
before a word makes it a pluralpara
Before that ...Sebelum itu
begin, startmulai
behaviourtingkah laku
behinddi belakang
behind, at the rear of, in back ofdi belakang
being exasperated, irritated, annoyed, disgusted, fed up, crosskesal
beleive it!percaya lah
believe, trustpercaya
belonging of, owned bymilik
beloved, darlingtercinta
belowbawah
besidedi samping
beside, side-by-side (with), next to, in addition todi samping
bestterbaik
bestpaling baik
bestterbaik
best friendteman terbaik
best routerute terbaik
betterlebih baik
better, it would be better if/to..., shouldlebih baik
between, amongdi antara
beverage (noun)minuman
bicyclesepeda
bicyclesepeda
bigbesar
big (also grown-up)besar
big (slang - same as besar)gede
big / largebesar
big enoughcukup besar
biggestpaling besar
bike ridingbersepeda
billionsmilyar
biologybiologi
birdburung
birdburung
birthdayhari ulang tahun
birthday partypesta ulang tahun
biscuits, cookieskue kering
bitedigigit
bittentergigit
bitter, without sugar(tea, coffee)pahit
blackhitam
black, dark colouredhitam
blackboardpapan tulis
blackishkehitam-hitaman
blanketselimut
blaze, flame, firenyala
blondepirang
blondepirang
blooddarah
blooddarah
blouseblus
blouseblus
bluebiru
bluebiru
blueishkebiru-biruan
bodybadan
body hairbulu
body weightberat badan
boiled eggstelur rebus
bookbuku
bookbuku
bookbuku
book shoptoko buku
book shoptoko buku
bookcase, bookshelfrak buku
bookshelfrak buku
borderbatas
bored, sick of somethingbosan
boringmembosankan (bosankan)
bornlahir
borrow, lendpinjam
bothberdua
bothberdua
both of uskami berdua
both of you (you both)anda berdua
both of you can drink tea with both of usanda berdua bisa minum teh dengan kami berdua
bottlebotol
bowlmangkok
boy / boysanak laki-laki
boyfriend / girlfriendpacar
braceletgelang
braids (hair)berkepang
brainotak
brakesrem
branch (of a bank etc.)cabang
brandmerek
brandedbermerek
brassierebeha
braveberani
brave, valiant, handsomegagah
breadroti
breadroti
bread, biscuit, cookieroti
break, damagerusak
breakfastsarapan
breakfast, to have breakfastsarapan
bridgejembatan
brightterang
bringbawa
bringmembawa
bringbawa
broad, extensive, big (in area)luas
broad, vast, extensiveluas
broke (no money)bokek
broken, out of order, not working, damagedrusak
browncoklat
brown complexionsawo matang
brushsikat
buildinggedung
built, constructeddibangun
burden, loadbeban
burden, to object, objection, complain, be againstkeberatan
bureaubiro
burnmembakar
burn (when used outside of cooking)bakar
burypendam
busbus
busbis
bus terminalterminal bus
bus terminalterminal bemo
business, commercebisnis
busysibuk
busysibuk
buttapi
buttapi
buttetapi
but general sudirman street is heretapi jalan general sudirman di sini
but I understand Indonesiantapi saya mengerti bahasa Indonesia
but whentapi kapan
buttermentega
buymembeli
buybeli
buyer / shopperpembeli
by (as in: an action or work performed by...)oleh
by (i.e. done/made/written by)oleh
by (when talking about a mode of transport), to get aboard, to go upwards, to ascendnaik
by comparison with, thanketimbang
by the name of..., whose name is..., his/her/its name is...namanya...
by the way..omong-omong
by, throughmelalui
c'mon, let's...yuk
cabbagekol
cabbagekubis
cabbagekol
callpanggil
calleddisebut
calm, tranquiltenang
camerakamera
campuskampus
campuskampus
canbisa
can (not bisa)dapat
can do tomorrow (used like manana in Spanish)besok bisa
can i helpbisa saya bantu
can we take the jakarta route (inclusive)kita bisa ambil rute jakarta
can, able to (not bisa)dapat
can, able to (not dapat)bisa
cancerkanker
candypermen
candypermen
capital cityibu kota
capital cityibu kota
carmobil
carmobil
carmobil
careful, cautioushati-hati
carerpengasuh
carpentertukang kayu
casekasus
cashtunai
casinokasino
cassette shoptoko kaset
catkucing
catkucing
catch / caughttangkap
CatholicKatolik
CatholicKatolik
Catholic churchgereja katolik
cattle, cow, farm oxsapi
caught, arrestedditangkap
caviarkaviar
celebrationperayaan
celsius, centigradecelsius
central javajawa tengah
centuryabad
ceremonyupacara
ceremonyupacara
certaintentu
certain / for surepasti
chairkursi
chairkursi
chamapgnesampanye
change / modify somethingubah
chaoskacau
character, (in a play, story)peraga
charityamal
chatobrol
chatmengobrol
chattingbecakap-cakap
cheapmurah
cheapmurah
cheap / stingypelit
cheekspipi
cheerful, outgoingceria
cheesekeju
cheftukang masak
chemistryilmu kimia
chequecek
chesscatur
chestdada
chickenayam
chickenayam
chickenayam
chicken soupsup ayam
childanak
child / childrenanak
childrenanak-anak
childrenanak-anak
chili peppercabai
chili-based side dish, chili pastesambal
chilling, relaxing (slang)nyantai
chindagu
ChinaCina
Chinese (the language)bahasa Cina
chocolate cakekue coklat
chocolate, browncoklat
choosepilih
choosememilih
christiankristen
Christmashari Natal
Christmas Dayhari Natal
christmas dayhari natal
churchgereja
churchgereja
churchgereja
cigarette factorypabrik rokok
cigarette, to smokerokok
cigarettesrokok
cinemabioskop
cinema, movie theatrebioskop
citizenwarganegara
citrus fruitjeruk
citykota
city busbis kota
city transportangkot
city, townkota
civil (i.e. not military)sipil
civilianpreman
classmateteman sekelas
cleanbersih
cleanbersih
cleaning upbersih-bersih
clearjelas
clear (not jelas)jernih
clear (not jernih)jelas
clear, brightterang
clearing chequegiro bilyet
clever, intelligent, smartpintar
cliff, gorgejurang
climateiklim
climate changeperubahan iklim
climbmendaki
clock, watch, hour, hours, o'clockjam
closedtutup
closedtertutup
cloth, fabrickain
clothes washing detergentsabun cuci pakaian
clothes, clothingpakaian
clothingpakaian
clothing shoptoko pakaian
cloudawan
cloudyberawan
Cloudyberawan
clownbadut
co-ordinate / organisemengatur
coast, coastline, shore, beachpantai
coconutkelapa
coconut juice, (for drinking)air kelapa
coconut oilminyak kelapa
coffeekopi
coffeekopi
colddingin
colddingin
collaboratebekerjasama
collaredberkerah
colleagues / workmatesrekan
college student (female)mahasiswi
college student (male)mahasiswa
colourwarna
colourwarna
coloured ___, ___ in colourberwarna
colouring, pigmentzat warna
combsisir
come inmasuk
come in pleasemasuk silahkan
come on (let's...)ayo
come on, go ahead (same as ayo)yuk
commoditykomoditi
commotion, noisyribut
communitymasyarakat
community, societymasyarakat
community, society, public, people of a certain placemasyarakat
company (business entity)perusahaan
company / corporationperusahaan
company, business enterpriseperusahaan
compared to / thandaripada
complaintkeluhan
completelengkap
complicationkomplikasi
compositionkomposisi
compulsorywajib
computerkomputer
computerkomputer
confusedbingung
confused / depressed / stressedgalau
conscientious, industrious, hard-working, disciplined, diligentrajin
conservationconservasi
containsberisi
contents, to fillisi
contest, competitionlomba
continentbenua
continuemelanjutkan
continue, go ahead, to keep on ___-ing, to continue to...terus
continuously, constantlyterus-terusan
conversationpercakapan
convinced / sureyakin
cooktukang masak
cookmasak
cooked ricenasi
cookingmemasak
cooking, cuisine, cooked foodmasakan
coolsejuk
coolkeren
cool / awesome (trendy)keren
cool, awesomekece
cool, chillysejuk
copula: joins noun1 with noun2adalah
coral (when noun), compose (as verb)karang
coral reefterumbu karang
corianderketumbar
cornjagung
correct / rightbenar
correct, That's right., That's correctbetul
corrugated ironseng
cosmeticskosmetik
costsharganya
costsharganya
countrynegara
countrynegeri
country bumpkin, hillbillykampungan
country, nationnegara
countrysidepedesaan
cousinsepupu
cow / cattlesapi
crabkepiting
crashtabrak
craterkawah
crazy / mad / insanegila
creatorpencipta
credit (from a bank)kredit
crimekejahatan
criminalpenjahat (jahat)
criminalpenjahat
crocodilebuaya
crossways, pathwayslintas
crowdedpenuh
crowded, full of people, bustling, noisyramai
crude, oafish, impolite, rough to the touchkasar
crude, rough rudekasar
cucumberketimun
cucumberketimun
culturebudaya
culturebudaya
cupcangkir
cupboardlemari
cured, recoveredsembuh
curlykeriting
curriculumkurikulum
cursing somethingsialan
customerpelanggan
cutpotong
cut off, truncatedterpotong
dancemenari
dance style used by dangdut performers (slang)ngebor
dancerpenari (tari)
dancing / boogey / groovingjoget
dancing, dance (popular western style), disco/ballroom dancingdansa
dangerousberbahaya
dangerousbahaya
dare to do somethingberani
darkgelap
darkkehitam-hitaman
dark bluebiru tua
dark brown complexionhitam manis
dark, not well litgelap
darlingkekasih
datetanggal
dayhari
day of Eid (islamic day)hari idul fitri
day of silence (bali religious holiday)hari raya nyepi
Dear/With respect (formal start to letters)Dengan hormat
death / die (should only be used for animals but often used for people in slang)mati
DecemberDesember
deeds, actions, behaviourlaku
definitely, sure to be, bound to (be...), must be (i.e. bound to be)pasti
degree of temperature, levelderajat
degree, professional title, title of respectgelar
Degrees Celsiusderajat selsius
deliciousenak
delicious, comfortableenak
demi-goddewa
dengue feverdemam berdarah
deny (slang)ngeles
departberangkat
depositsetoran
depositorpenyetor
derived from bukan to show a knowledge or understanding shared by speaker and listenerkan
desirehasrat
desire, wishkeinginan
desk, writing tablemeja tulis
destroyer, vandalperusak
details of somethingperincian
detectiondeteksi
detectivedetektif
detergentdeterjen
developmentpembangunan (bangun)
developmentperkembangan
development studiesstudi pembangunan
device, tool, implementalat
diarrheadiare
differenceperbedaan
differentberbeda
differentberbeda
difficultsulit
difficultsukar
difficult, hard to dosulit
diligentrajin
dining roomruang makan
dining tablemeja makan
dinnermakan malam
direct / straight / immediatelylangsung
direct, directlylangsung
dirtykotor
dirtykotor
disability (borrowed from english)disabilitas
disability (original indonesian word)cacat
disappearhilang
disappointedkecewa
disappointingmengecewakan (kecewakan)
disaster, tragedybencana
disco dancingberdisko
discussmembahas
dishes, platespiring
dishwashermesin cuci piring
disinclined, reticientsegan
divided by (mathematics)dibagi
divingselam
do (perform an action)melakukan
do you have any rupiahanda punya uang rupiah
do you have mango juiceanda punya jus mangga
do you know the best route (politely)apakah anda tahu rute apa terbaik
Do you like to eat fried rice? (polite)Apakah kamu suka makan nasi goreng?
do you live hereanda tinggal di sini
Do you play basketball ?Apakah kamu bermain bola basket?
do you want to join us (to a woman)ibu mau ikut
do you want to join us to eat at our home? (to a man)bapak mau ikut makan di rumah kami
doctordokter
doctordokter
doctor’s clinicklinik dokter
doganjing
doing something to kill boredomiseng
doing something with difficultysusah-susah
don'tjangan
don't even think about it! (don't try try)jangan coba-coba
don't forgetjangan lupa
don't!jangan
don't, do not!jangan
donationdonasi
done by (active)melakukan
don’t liketidak suka
don’t really likekurang suka
doorpintu
door, entrancepintu
dot, pointtitik
double / fold (including double chin)ganda
double, two folddua kali lipat
dough / batteradonan
down (towards down)ke bawah
dozens of (but actually means 11-19 times)belasan
drawerslaci
dreammimpi
drenchedbasah kuyup
dried beefabon sapi
dried meatabon
drinkminum
drinkminuman
drink / drinksminuman
drinking (verb)minum
drinking waterair putih
drivemenyetir
driversopir
driver's licenseSurat Izin Mengemudi
driver's license (acronym)SIM
droolngiler
drunkmabuk
drunk (alcohol), seasickmabuk
drunk, sea-sickmabuk
drunkard, drunk personorang mabuk
drykering
drykering
dual, double (only used for sports eg doubles tennis, or dual citizenship)ganda
dug for, searched, excavateddigali
durian (fruit)durian
durian fruitdurian
during this weekpada minggu ini
dustdebu
Dutchbahasa Belanda
each / everysetiap
each / everysetiap
each and everything, the whole kit and kaboodlesegala
each othersaling
each weeksetiap minggu
each, everysetiap
eagleelang
ear(s)telinga
earlier this afternoontadi siang
earlier this morningtadi pagi
earlier, just now (time)tadi
earlyawal
early in the morningpagi-pagi
early morningpagi-pagi
early morning jogginglari pagi
earringsanting-anting
earskuping
easttimur
east borneo (acronym for kalimantan timur)kaltim
east, easterntimur
easter dayhari paskah
easymudah
easygampang
easymudah
easy (not gampang)mudah
easy (not mudah)gampang
easy chair, armchairkursi malas
eatmakan
eatmakan
ecologyekologi
economicsilmu ekonomi
economy classkelas ekonomi
edge, fringe, outskirts, suburbs (side in the sense of edge, margin, border)pinggir
educationpendidikan (didik)
educationpendidikan
efficientefisien
eggtelur
eggstelur
EgyptMesir
Eid (islamic day)lebaran
eightdelapan
eightdelapan
eightdelapan
eighteendelapan belas
elasticity, plasticitykeliatan
electrical engineeringteknik elektro
electricitylistrik
electronicelektronik
elephantgajah
elevensebelas
elevensebelas
elevensebelas
eleven oclockjam sebelas
embarrassed, shymalu
emotions, feelingsperasaan
employee, staff, workerkaryawan
emptykosong
empty, vacant, zero, naughtkosong
endure, put up with, last, hold outtahan
engine (machine)mesin
engine, machinemesin
English (the language)bahasa Inggris
English / EnglandInggris
english languagebahasa inggris
English, BritainInggris
enjoynikmat
enjoyablemenyenangkan
enoughcukup
enough / adequate / that's enoughcukup
entermasuk
entertainmenthiburan
entertainmenthiburan
entireseluruh
entire / whole / allseluruh
entrancepintu masuk
environmentlingkungan
environmentlingkungan
equals (in mathematical, calculations/formulae)sama dengan
equipmentperalatan
eruptionletusan
eruptionletusan
especiallyterutama
essay, articlemakalah
etc (dll = acronym for dan lain-lain)dll
eternal, everlastinglestari
ethnic groupsuku
eucalyptus (white wood)kayu putih
EurasianIndo
EuropeEropa
evaluate, judgemenilai
even further awaylebih jauh lagi
even more expensivelebih mahal lagi
even more, even (adjective)-erlebih banyak lagi
even thoughmeski
even though, althoughwalaupun
even, flat, levelrata
evening, nightmalam
everpernah
everysetiap
every daysetiap hari
every Saturdaysetiap hari Sabtu
everyonesemua orang
everything, all the components or itemssegala-galanya
everything; anythingapa saja
everywheredi mana-mana
everywherekemana-mana
everywheremana-mana
exactlytepat
examinationujian
example (not contoh)misal
excellent, impressive, great, terrific, really goodbagus
except forkecuali
excuse (reason for not doing something)alasan
excuse memaaf
excuse mepermisi
excuse mepermisi
excuse mepermisi
Excuse me, I want to ask ...maaf, saya mau bertanya
Excuse me, may I ask?maaf, boleh saya bertanya?
existance, location, numbers, possessionada
exit fromke luar
expensivemahal
expensivemahal
expensivemahal
experiencepengalaman
experiencepengalaman
experiencedberpengalaman
experiencedberpengalaman
expertahli
expertmahir
exploremenjelajahi
exported itembarang expor
extinctpunah
extraordinaryluar biasa
eyebrowsalis
face (not muka)wajah
face / frontmuka
facebookingpesbukan
facing/in frontdi muka
factfakta
factfakta
factorypabrik
facultyfakultas
fall down (only for trees / plants)tumbang
familykeluarga
familykeluarga
familykeluarga
famousterkenal
famousterkenal
fanaticfanatik
farjauh
farjauh
far / long distancejauh
far fromjauh dari
far tojauh ke
farm landlahan
farmerpetani
farmerpetani
farmer (animals), cattlemanpeternak
farmer (plants not animals)tani
farmlandlahan
fartherlebih jauh
fashion showperagaan busana
fastcepat
fast / heavy (only for water)deras
fast, quickcepat
fasterlebih cepat
fasting (not eating)puasa
fasting, the Islamic Fastpuasa
fatgemuk
fatgemuk
fatgendut
fat, chubbygemuk
fate, destinytakdir
fatherbapak
fatherayah
FebruaryFebruari
FebruaryFebruari
fed up, had enoughmuak
feel / feelingrasa
feel, think, tasterasa
feelsmerasakan
fell asleepketiduran
fell asleeptertidur
femaleperempuan
femaleperempuan
femaleperempuan
female (animals only)betina
female breastsbuah dada
fencepagar
fencepagar
ferocious, fiestygalak
fertilesubur
fertiliserpupuk
feverdemam
few / several / somebeberapa
field / courtlapangan
fierce, aggressivegalak
fifteenlima belas
fiftylima puluh
fifty one thousandlima puluh satu ribu
fightberjuang
fighters for a noble causepejuang
fighting for family (working hard for the family)berjuang untuk keluarga
filmfilem
finallyakhirnya
finally, in the end, eventually, lastlyakhirnya
financekeuangan
fine, good (in reply to 'How are you?')baik-baik saja
Fine, thank youBaik terima kasih
finger(s), toe(s)jari
finger, toejari
finishedhabis
finishedselesai
finished (means "to the max" in slang)habis
finished, completed (doing or making something), overselesai
fireapi
fireplacetungku perapian
firstpertama
first (before doing anything, else)dulu (1)
first, beforeduluan
first, earlierlebih dulu
firstly, first of allpertama-tama
fishikan
fish, a fishikan
fishermannelayan
fit (healthy)bugar
fit, healthybugar
fivelima
fivelima
fivelima
fixbetulkan
fixed up, put right, all okay, resolvedberes
flagbendera
flat (of nose)pesek
flies (insects)lalat
flightterbang
flightpenerbangan
flip flops, thongssandal jepit
floodbanjir
floorlantai
flowerbunga
flowerbunga
flower potpot bunga
flower potpot bunga
flower, the interest ratebunga
flowersbunga
fluentlancar
flyterbang
Foggy, mistyberkabut
foldlipat
followikut
follow (same as ikut but slangy)ngikut
foodmakanan
foodmakanan
food (not makanan)pangan
food for animals, fodderpakan
food stallwarung
food stall / small restaurant / juice bar / cafewarung
football, soccersepak bola
foruntuk
foratas (2)
for (a certain period of time)selama
for (same as untuk)bagi
for (time period)selama
for (time) / as long asselama
for examplemisalnya
for examplemisalnya
for me toountuk saya juga
for the length of, duringsepanjang
for the sake of..demi
for thisuntuk ini
for three daysselama tiga hari
for, (i.e. intended for someone, or something), (in order) tountuk
for, for the purpose of (doing something)untuk
forced to do somethingterpaksa
foreignasing
foreignerorang asing
foresthutan
foresthutan
Forgive me for ...maafkan saya atas
forgotlupa
forgotlupa
forkgarpu
form (to be filled in, not shape)formulir
form, shapebentuk
formalresmi
fortuneuntung
forty one thousandempat puluh satu ribu
foundditemukan
founded / establishedmendiri
fourempat
fourempat
fourempat
fourteenempat belas
FrancePerancis
Franceperancis
freebebas
freebebas
free time, spare time, leisure timewaktu senggang
free, cost nothingcuma-cuma
free, looselepas
freshsegar
fresh waterair tawar
fresh, coolsejuk
Fridayhari Jumat
friday night (night before saturday)malam sabtu
fridge, refrigeratorlemari es
friedgoreng
fried chickenayam goreng
fried chickenayam goreng
fried chipskentang goreng
fried foodgorengan
fried noodlesmie goreng
fried ricenasi goreng
fried ricenasi goreng
friendteman
friendteman
friendteman
friend (not teman)kawan
friend (not teman)sahabat
Friend / Mate ...Mas
friendlyramah
friendlyramah
friendsteman-teman
fromdari
fromdari
fromdari
from heredari sini
from heredari sini
from theredari sana
from wheredari mana
from where?dari mana?
front (when you are talking, about the front part of, something)depan
fruitbuah
fruitbuah
fruit juicejus buah
fruit juicejus buah
fullpenuh
full (from eating)kenyang
functionfungsi
funnylucu
funny / cutelucu
furnitureperabot
garagegarasi
garlicbawang putih
gasbensin
gas tank lidpenutup tangki
gatot subroto streetjalan gatot subroto
general sudirman streetjalan general sudirman
general sudirman street is not over therejalan general sudirman tidak di sana
genitalskemaluan
genitals (beware - don't make a noun out of "malu" (shy) or you'll embarrass yourself)kemaluan
geographyilmu bumi
Germanjerman
GermanyJerman
get / obtainmemperoleh
gift, presenthadiah
gingerjahe
girl / girlsanak perempuan
girl, chickcewek
girl, young lady, unmarried womangadis
giveberikan
giveberi
give (slightly more common than beri when spoken)kasih
give meberikan saya
given, caused to happendikasih
glassgelas
glass (i.e. a tumbler you drink from), a drinking glassgelas
glass, mirrorkaca
glasseskaca mata
global warmingpemanasan global
go / wentpergi
go / wentpergi
go by / passberlalu
go downmenurun
go home / returnpulang
go to thereke sana
goatkambing
GodAllah
GodAllah
godtuhan
God is greatAllahu Akbar
God willinginsyaallah
goddess (also common girl's name)dewi
going aroundkeliling-keliling
going throughmelalui
goldemas
goodbaik
good (balinese)becik
good / finebaik
good / greatbagus
good afternoonselamat siang
Good afternoonselamat sore
Good bye (see you)Sampai Ketemu
Good dayselamat siang
good eveningselamat malam
good luck (most common)semoga berhasil
good luck (sukses)semoga sukses
good morningselamat pagi
Good morningselamat pagi
good news / I'm finekabar baik
Good nightselamat malam
good qualitymutunya bagus
good qualitykwalitasnya bagus
good to be tradeddagangan
good, fine, very wellbaik
Goodbye (to person leaving)Selamat jalan
governmentpemerintah
gowngaun
grammar (lit. order of language)tata bahasa
grand marketpasar raya
grand mosquemesjid raya
grandchildrencucu
grandfatherkakek
grandfatherkakek
grandmothernenek
grandmothernenek
grapes / wineanggur
greatbagus
great, grandraya
GreeceYunani
greenhijau
greyabu-abu
greyabu-abu
groupkelompok
growtumbuh
growth, plant (not tanam)tumbuhan
guest / customertamu
guest, visitor, customer (i.e. someone, who comes into a shop)tamu
guitargitar
gunshot sounddor
guy, dude (slang for cowok)cowo
guy, dude (slang)cowok
habitskebiasaan
had the chancesempat
Hailhujan es
hairrambut
half an hoursetenga jam
half, half before the next hoursetengah
half-timesetengah waktu
handtangan
hand, armtangan
handicraftskerajinan tangan
handicraftskerajinan tangan
handkerchiefssapu tangan
handsometampan
handsomeganteng
happysenang
happybahagia
happymenyenangkan
happy (long term happiness eg happy with life)bahagia
happy (temporary momentary happiness eg happy with a gift)senang
happy, enjoying yourself, to like something, to like doing somethingsenang
hardworkingrajin
has/have beenpernah
has/have eversudah pernah
has/have neverbelum pernah
hattopi
hattopi
hatebenci
havepunya
havepunya
have already (sudah but neutral)telah
have forgottenkelupaan
Have mercy! mercy, grace, pardon, forgivenessampun
have rupiahpunya uang rupiah
have the power/authority to ........berwenang
have you everpernah
have, ownmemiliki
haze, fogkabut
he / she / he's / she'sdia
he / she / it / his / her / itsdia
he can takedia bisa mengantar
He is a teacherDia guru
He is aged fifty six yearsDia berumur lima puluh enam tahun
he is really littledia benar kecil
He works as a teacherDia bekerja sebagai guru
He works as what?Dia bekerja sebagai apa?
he's bringing teadia bawa teh
he, sheia
he, she, him, herdia
He/She is aged how many years?Dia berumur berapa tahun?
headkepala
headbandbando
healthysehat
healthysehat
hearthati
heart (science)jantung
heart (that loves, in science means liver)hati
heart attackserangan jantung
heavyberat
heavy rainhujan deras
heavy weight (for things)berat
hectare (the main unit of land area in indonesia)hektar
hellohalo
HelloHalo
hellohalo
helpbantu
helpbantu
help, assistancebantuan
Her name is ClaireNamanya Claire
Her name is RihannaNama dia Rihanna
Her name is RihannaNamanya Rihanna
herbal drink factorypabrik jamu
heredi sini
heredi sini
here / is it here? / it's heredi sini
here are two dollarsini dua dollar
here is some moneyini sedikit uang
Hero's day (veterans day in Indonesia)hari pahlawan
hey / dude (slang from javanese)joss
hightinggi
high heels (shoes)sepatu hak tinggi
high schoolSekolah Menengah Atas (SMA)
high school, secondary schoolsekolah menengah
highwayjalan raya
highwayjalan raya
hijab, headscarfjilbab
himself, herselfdirinya
his, her, its-nya
historicbersejarah
historysejarah
historysejarah
hobbyhobi
holelubang
holidayliburan
holiday in baliliburan ke bali
holysuci
homerumah
homeworkpekerjaan rumah
honestjujur
honestjujur
honeymadu
honeymoonbulan madu
hopeharap
hopefullysemoga
horn (animal)tanduk
horsekuda
horse cartdokar
hoseselang
hospitalrumah sakit
hospitalrumah sakit
hotpanas
hotelhotel
hour / timejam
houserumah
houserumah
householdrumah tangga
householdrumah tangga
housingperumahan
howbagaimana
how about if ...?bagaimana kalau
how are you ?bagaimana kamu?
How are you?apa kabar?
How are you?Apa kabar?
How are you? (What news)apa kabar
how come, why (slang)kok
how come? why? (interjection)kok
how do you saybagaimana anda katakan
how do you say in indonesianbagaimana anda katakan dalam bahasa indonesia
how do you spell ... ?bagaimana ejaannya ... ?
how farberapa jauh
how is ... said in Indonesian?bagaimana ... dalam bahasa Indonesia?
how is the weather in Jakarta?bagaimana cuaca di Jakarta?
how is your new school ?bagaimana sekolah baru kamu?
how is/are, describe.., how about..?bagaimana?
how longberapa lama
how longberapa lama
How long are language classes at IML ?Berapa lama kelas bahasa di IML?
how long have/hassudah berapa lama
how many / how muchberapa
How many / How much?Berapa?
how many children do you haveberapa anak anda punya
How many kilometers to Perth ?Berapa kilometer ke Perth?
how many people are thereberapa orang ada
how many people are there in your familyberapa orang ada dalam keluarga anda
How many students are there tonight ?Ada berapa murid malam ini?
how many times?berapa kali?
how many years?berapa tahun?
how much do I have to pay?berapa saya harus bayar
How much does that cost?Berapa itu?
How much does this cost?Berapa ini?
how much is the price of...?berapa harga ____ ?
how much rupiahberapa uang rupiah
how much, alot?berapa banyak
how much, how many, what (when asking about a, number)berapa
How old is he/she?Berapa umurnya?
How old is he/she?Berapa umur dia?
how you enjoy (using nya)senangnya
how you going (balinese)kenken
how you like to (using nya)sukanya
how's the weather?bagaimana cuacanya
how, what is ... like?, (informal/slangy)gimana
how, what is .... like?bagaimana
howeverbagaimanapun
humidlembab
hundredratus
hundredsratus
hungrylapar
hungrylapar
husbandsuami
husbandsuami
husbandsuami
I (jakarta slang)gue
I / Mesaya
I admire ...saya mengagumi
I agreesaya setuju
I am (continuing to be) angrysaya lagi marah
I am (continuing to be) annoyed; I am annoyed at the momentsaya lagi sebal
I am americansaya orang amerika
I am american, what about you? (to a woman)saya orang america kalau ibu?
I am an AmericanSaya orang Amerika
I am not Indonesiansaya bukan orang Indonesia
I am not interested in..saya kurang tertarik pada
I am of the opinion that ...saya berpendapat bahwa
I ask for forgivenesssaya minta maaf
I ate spicy noodlessaya makan mi pedas
I bought a terrific hatsaya beli topi hebat
I bought noodlessaya beli mi
I bought two drinkssaya beli dua minuman
i can speak more slowlysaya bisa bicara lebih pelan
i can'tsaya tidak bisa
I can’t / it can’t be done!tidak bisa
I didn't realise (slang, same as "tidak sadar")nggak neh
I disagree withsaya tidak setuju dengan
i don't have (any)saya tidak punya
I don't have anythingsaya tidak punya apa-apa
i don't have rupiahsaya tidak punya uang rupiah
I don't knowsaya tidak tahu
I don't know what it meanssaya tidak tahu artinya apa
I don't like beersaya tidak suka bir
I don't understandsaya tidak mengerti
I don't understand englishsaya tidak mengerti bahasa inggris
I don’t like ...saya tidak suka
I don’t really like ...saya kurang suka
I don’t/ don’t quite understandsaya tidak mengerti
I forgotsaya lupa
I have thirteen thousand rupiahsaya punya tiga belas ribu rupiah
I heard that..., they say..., people say that...katanya
I knowsaya tahu
I like ...saya suka
I like this hotelsaya suka hotel ini
I livesaya tinggal
I live in JakartaSaya tinggal di Jakarta
I love ...saya mencintai
I prefer … to …saya lebih suka ... daripada
i really want tosaya mau sekali
I suggest we ...saya menyarankan kita
I thinksaya kira
I think ...saya pikir
I think sosaya rasa begitu
I think that ...saya pikir bahwa
I thought (that... )saya kira
I understand englishsaya mengerti bahasa inggris
I understand indonesian a littlesaya mengerti bahasa indonesia sedikit
I wantsaya mau
I want to ...saya mau
I want to ask permission to ...saya minta izin untuk
i want to buy somethingsaya mau beli sesuatu
i want to drink tea nowsaya mau minum teh sekarang
I want to eat somethingsaya mau makan sesuatu
i want to eat toosaya mau makan juga
I want to go to the toiletsaya mau pergi ke kamar kecil
I want to invitesaya mau mengundang
i will / going toakan
I will eat nowsaya akan makan sekarang
I will have dinner tonightsaya akan makan malam malam ini
I will visitsaya akan mengunjungi
I wish to ...saya ingin
i would like to do somethingsaya mau rencana sesuatu
I'm going to go straight aheadsaya akan pergi lurus ke depan
I'm sicksaya sakit
I, mesaya
I, me (informal)aku
I/Mesaya
I/me/my (intimate form)aku
icees
ideaide
identity cardKartu Tanda Penduduk (KTP)
identity card (acronym)KTP (Kartu Tanda Penduduk)
ifkalau
ifkalau
if (hypothetically)seandainya
if (slang for kalau)kalo
if (slang)kalo
if / whenkalo
if / when / what about?kalau
if after the word means new, if before word means only/recentlybaru
if it's not a burdenkalau tidak keberatan
If that's the case..., If that's how things stand...kalau begitu
if we take the correct route (inclusive)kalau kita ambil rute yang benar
ignorant, foolishjahil
illness, diseasepenyakit
immediately, promptlysegera
immigrationimigrasi
importantpenting
importantpenting
important dayhari penting
imported itembarang impor
indi
in / at / ondi
in a hurryterburu-buru
in a momentsebentar
in a short while, laternanti
in addition to that, moreover, furthermoredi samping itu
in betweendi antara
in fact evenbahkan
in former times, a long time ago, used to (i.e. regularly happened in former times)dulu (2)
in frontdi depan
in front ofdi depan
in front ofdi depan
in generalsecara umum
In my opinion ("I think" but formal)menurut pendapat saya
in nature, in characterbersifat
in order toagar
in particular, especiallykhususnya
in that case / thenkalau begitu
in the afternoon(s)pada siang hari
in the late afternoon(s)pada sore hari
in the middledi tengah
in the middle, in the very middle ofdi tengah-tengah
in the month ofpada bulan
in the morningdi pagi hari
in the morningpada waktu pagi
in the morning(s)pada pagi hari
in the process of...sedang
in the summerpada musim panas
in your familydalam keluarga anda
in your opinion..menurut kamu
in, inside, withindalam
incidentkejadian
incidents, happeningsperistiwa
included in, includingtermasuk
including, among themdi antaranya
incomepemasukan
increasemembanyak
increasingly, more and moresemakin
incrediblebukan main
indeedmemang
indeed (slang, same as memang)emang
indeed! (from memang)emang
indeed! that's true! (slang from emang benar), also means bucketember
indeed, yes I agree, that's absolutely rightmemang
independencekemerdekaan
independentmerdeka
independentmandiri
independentmerdeka
independent, freemerdeka
indifferentcuek
Indonesian (language)bahasa Indonesia
indonesian (person)orang indonesia
indonesian languagebahasa indonesia
Indonesian Police - Slang Acronym for Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesiapolri
indonesian rupiahrupiah
Indonesian tonic and herbal medicinejamu
Indonesian-style coffeekopi tubruk
inflammationradang
informationinformasi
information, data, a statement/declaration, (concerning the facts of a, matter)keterangan
insectserangga
insidedalam
insidedi dalam
insidedalam
inside of somethingisi
instead / just / onlysaja
instead, yetmalah
instructed / tolddisuruh
intentional, purposeful, deliberatesengaja
interest ratesuku bunga
interestedtertarik
interested (in)tertarik
interesting, attractivemenarik (tarik)
interestsketertarikan
interior, inlandpedalaman
interjection particle used to soften a requestdong
interjection particle, an informal emphasis word indicating denial of something; denial word, an informal question or surprise word meaning: how come ?; why ?kok
internationalinternasional
international, throughout the worldsedunia
internet cafewarung internet
internshipmagang
intersectionsimpang
interviewwawancara
interviewmewawancarai
intransitive - when added to end of root word, no object requiredber
invitedmengajakku
is called by the name ...bernama
is done by (passive)dilakukan
is it very far (politely)apakah jauh sekali
Is my brother hereadik saya di sini
is that so? really? (that true)yang benar
Is that your house ?Apakah itu rumah kamu?
is the correct route to the left (politely)apakah rute yang benar ke kiri
is to be found at/in/amongterdapat
is, are, to beialah
is/am/are + VERB + ingsedang
islandpulau
it doesn't mattertidak apa-apa
it is only then that...baru (2)
it seems as ifkelihatannya
it seems to merasanya
It would be better if we ...sebaiknya kalau kita
it's a great ideaitu ide bagus
it's a secretada deh
it's alot farther to jakartalebih jauh banyak ke jakarta
it's far, isn't itjauh bukan
it's late (already night)sudah malam
it's not expensivetidak mahal
it's not heretidak di sini
it's not that I'm saying...bukan aku bilang
it's too much moneykebanyakan uang
it's up to youterserah
it's up to youterserah
ItalyItalia
jacketjas
JanuaryJanuari
JapanJepang
JapanJepang
japan / japanesejepang
javanese coffeekopi jawa
jealous (of another man/woman)cemburu
jeanscelana jins
jesus christyesus kristus
jesus christIsa Almasih
jewellery shoptoko mas
join / followikut
juicejus
JulyJuli
JuneJuni
junior high schoolsmp
just (slang for saja)aja
just (slang, same meaning as saja)doang
just a littlesedikit sedikit saja
just a moment, wait a moment, hang on a secnanti dulu
just as goodtidak kalah
just finebaik-baik saja
just for a walkjalan-jalan saja
just kiddingbercanda
just now, earlier (today)tadi
just one or two, just a few, a couplesatu dua
just two coffeesdua kopi saja
just, onlysaja
just, onlyaja
just, onlycuma
kebabs, satay (meat roasted on skewers)satai
killedmembunuh
kilometerkilometer
kilometre(s)kilometer
kind, understandingbaik hati
kind-heartedbaik hati
kitchendapur
kitchendapur
kneelutut
knifepisau
knowtahu
knowtahu
know (people)mengenal
labor dayhari buruh
laboratorylaboratorium
lackingkurang
lakedanau
lambdomba
lamb, goat meatdaging kambing
lamplampu
land bordersperbatasan darat
land ladyibu kos
languagebahasa
languagebahasa
lankyjangkung
last monthbulan yang lalu
last monthbulan yang lalu
last nighttadi malam
last nighttadi malam
last weekminggu yang lalu
last weekminggu lalu
last yeartahun yang lalu
last, endakhir
last, finalterakhir
late (i.e. not on time)terlambat
late morning to mid afternoonsiang
late this afternoon (spoken earlier in the day)nanti sore
lately, recentlyakhir-akhir ini
lately, recentlybelakangan ini
laternanti
laternanti
later this afternoonnanti siang
later tonightnanti malam
laundrycucian
lavishboros
law, the law (as a body of regulations or an area of study)hukum
lawyerpengacara (acara)
lazymalas
leakbocor
learn / studybelajar
learnerpelajar
leastpaling sedikit
lecture notescatatan kuliah
lecturerdosen
leftkiri
left (direction)kiri
left, (the opposite of right)kiri
leg, footkaki
legislation, the constitutionundang-undang
lentilskacang hijau
leopard (spotted tiger)macan tutul
less, not so much, minus (in mathematical calculations)kurang (mathematics)
less..., not quite..., don't/doesn't really..., isn't/aren't really...kurang +adjective
lessonpelajaran
letbiarkan
let godilepas
Let me introduce ...Kenalkan
Let us (Let’s) ...mari kita
let's go (like ayo)mari
let's go!ayo
let's hope that, I hope thatmudah-mudahan
letterhuruf
letter, documentsurat
leveltingkat
leveltingkat
liarpembohong
libertyistiqlal
libraryperpustakaan
libraryperpustakaan
lie / untruthbohong
lifehidup
life; livelihood; existencekehidupan
light (low, less)ringan
light (not dark )terang
light (weight)ringan
light bluebiru muda
light brown complexionkuning langsat
Light Rainhujan gerimis
lightningkilat
likesuka
like (as in "fond" NOT "similar")suka
like (i.e. resembling)seperti
like (similar) / asseperti
like (similar) / as (same as seperti but slang)bagai
like a littlesuka sedikit
like a lotsuka sekali
like mostpaling suka
like that (slang for begitu)gitu
limited, restrictedterbatas
lionsinga
listendengarkan
listen (not dengar)dengarkan
listen (slang)ngedengerin
listen and repeatdengarkan dan ulangi
listen to this conversationdengarkan percakapan ini
listen/hear (not dengarkan)dengar
listening to musicmendengarkan musik
literaturesastra
little / smallkecil
livetinggal
livehidup
liverhati
livestockternak
loankredit
lobbylobi
local contentmuatan lokal
local politician, officialpejabat
locatedterletak
located, sitedterletak
lodging / boardingasrama
loggingpenebangan
longpanjang
long (of duration), old, longstanding, from the pastlama
long (of things or distance)panjang
long (size)panjang
long (time)lama
long (time)lama
long beanskacang panjang
long for nosemancung
long sleevedlengan panjang
longer (time)lebih lama
look afterjaga
look for / searchcari
looking aroundmelihat-lihat
looks like, it seemskelihatannya
losehilang
lose (defeat in sport / battle)kalah
lots of people / crowded / busyramai
lotterylotre
lounge roomkamar duduk
lovecinta
lovecinta
love (romantic love)cinta
love (romantic)cinta
lowrendah
loyalsetia
loyal, faithfulsetia
luckilyuntung
lumps of rice boiled in packets made from woven leaves (a special food eaten at Idul Fitri)ketupat
lunchmakan siang
lungsparu-paru
luxuriousmewah
luxuriousmewah
lyricslirik
Maam/YouIbu
Maam/YouBu
machinemesin
made fromterbuat dari
made inbuatan
made in (eg made in china)buatan
magazinemajalah
magazinemajalah
magic, sorcerysihir
make, for, dobuat
makerpembuat
malaymelayu
malelaki-laki
malelaki-laki
malelaki-laki
malepria
managekelola
manage, look after (slang for mengurus)ngurus
managerpemimpin
mangomangga
mangomangga
mango juicejus mangga
mangosteen (a tropical fruit unrelated to mango)manggis
manly; male (for animal)jantan
manybanyak
many / alot of / that's alotbanyak
many / muchbanyak
many yearsbertahun-tahun
MarchMaret
margarinemargarin
marketpasar
marketpasar
marriageperkawinan
marriedmenikah
marry (slang supposed to be used for animals like "mating" so is impolite but people use it)kawin
maskmasker
massagepijat
masters degreeS2
material, ingredientbahan
materialsbahan-bahan
mathematicsmatematika
mathematicsilmu pasti
matterhal
matters requiring attention, affairsurusan
Maximummaksimal
MayMei
may (possibly)mungkin
May I ...?boleh saya
May I please ask for ...Minta ...
may, can. In reply to a question: Sure! No problem! Great!boleh
maybemungkin
maybe i knowmungkin saya tahu
maybe I want to drink teamungkin saya mau minum teh
maybe it's over theremungkin di sana
maybe latermungkin nanti
maybe later in the eveningmungkin nanti malam
maybe the shops are open tomorrowmungkin tokonya buka besok
maybe they're openmungkin mereka buka
maybe, probably, hopefullybarangkali
me toosaya juga
meaning, definitionarti
means / meaningartinya
meatdaging
meat marketpasar daging
meatballsbakso
mechanical engineeringteknik mesin
medicineobat
medicineobat
medicineobat
medium (of size)sedang (size)
meetketemu
meetbertemu
meetingrapat
memberanggota
members (religious community)umat
mentally disturbedsakit jiwa
messed up, random, disorderedacak
messyberantakan
messygimbal
method, manner, waysecara
mid afternoon to early eveningsore
midday (11 to 3)siang
middletengah
middle schoolSekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP)
middle school (yrs 7-9, slang for sekolah menengah pertama)SMP
middle-levelmenengah (tengah)
milksusu
milksusu
milksusu
millionjuta
millionsberjuta-juta
minced meatdaging cincang
mini skirtrok pendek
Minimumminimal
miningpertambangan
mining (digging for minerals)pertambangan
minutes before the hourkurang
minutes past the hourlebih
mirror; to reflectcermin
misery, tormentsengsara
misfortune / unluckysial
mistake, errorsalah
mistake, errorsalah
mixedcampur
mixed vegetables with peanut saucegado-gado
modernmodern
momentssaat-saat
Mondayhari Senin
moneyuang
moneyuang
Money Changer Officekantor tukar uang
money, 'dough', (informal/slangy)duit
monumentmonumen
moon, monthbulan
morelebih
morelebih banyak
more, -er (when comparing qualities to quantities)lebih
moreover, in factbahkan
morningpagi
morningpagi
mosquemesjid
mosquemasjid
mostsebagian besar
mostpaling
most of thesebagian besar
mother (used at home)mamah
mother, a lady, you (in addressing an elder female)ibu
motor vehicle registration certificateSurat Tanda Nomor Kendaraan
motor vehicle registration certificate (acronym)STNK
motorbikesepeda motor
motorcyclemotor
mountaingunung
mountaingunung
mouse / rattikus
moustachekumis
moustachekumis
moved aroundpindah-pindah
moving backward, retreatmundur
moving forward, advancemaju
Mr / father / you / yourbapak
Mr, sir (a title and term of address)Pak
MrsIbu
Mrs, madamBu
Mrs.Nyonya
Mrs./mother/you/youribu
muffler / exhaustknalpot
multi-coloured, colourfulberwarna-warni
museummuseum
musicmusik
musicmusik
mustharus
mustharus
must / should (not harus)mesti
must, have toharus
my~ku
my (informal)-ku
my friendteman saya
my friendsteman-teman saya
my husbandsuami saya
my husband wants to drink winesuami saya mau minum anggur
my namenama saya
My name is ...nama saya
my wifeistri saya
my wife and iistri saya dan saya
my younger siblingadik saya
myselfdiri saya
namenama
namenama
nation, racebangsa
nationalnasional
nationalnasional
natural scienceilmu pengetahuan alam
naturealam
nature, naturalalam
nature. naturalalam
naughtynakal
navyangkatan laut
neardi dekat
near / closedekat
near todi dekat
nearby, close bydekat
nearestterdekat
neatrapi
neat, not messy, carefully done/maderapi
neckleher
neck tiedasi
necklacekalung
needperlu
needperlu
need restperlu istirahat
needskebutuhan
neighbortetangga
neighbourtetangga
neighbouringbertetanggaan
neighbourstetangga
nephew / niecekeponakan
nestsarang
nevertidak pernah
never (the opposite of 'always')tidak pernah
newbaru
New YearTahun Baru
new years dayhari tahun baru
New ZealandSelandia Baru
New ZealandSelandia Baru
newskabar
newsberita
newsberita
news (old fashioned term for news)warta
newspaperkoran
newspapersurat kabar
newspaperkoran
newspaper (old fashioned formal term for newspaper)surat kabar
nextyang akan datang
next / in front ofdepan
next monthbulan depan
next monthbulan depan
next to, acrossdi sebelah
next weekminggu depan
next weekminggu depan
next yeartahun depan
next yeartahun depan
nightmalam
nightmalam
night clubkelab malam
ninesembilan
ninesembilan
nineteensembilan belas
no (adjectives and verbs)tidak
no (nouns - "not a")bukan
no (nouns only)bukan
no (slang, very short)tak
no (verbs and adjectives)tidak
no for nouns (slang for bukan), often used as a tag question "isn't it"kan
no longer have the strength to carry on, unable to bear it any longertidak kuat
no problem (slang for tidak apa-apa)nggak pa-pa
no way!enak aja
no, not (informal)nggak
no, not (informal)ndak
no, not (negating a verb, adjective, or preposition)tidak
noisebunyi
noisyberisik
noodlesmi
normal / usualbiasa
northutara
north easttimur laut
north westbarat laut
north, northernutara
nosehidung
not a burdentidak keberatan
not allowed / it is not permissibletidak boleh
not allowed to, shouldn't, can't (i.e. not permitted to)tidak boleh
not as good as, less good (this is the normal way of speaking, not "kurang baik")tidak sebaik
not as tall as, less tall (this is the normal way of speaking, not "kurang tinggi")tidak setinggi
not badlumayan
not bad, quite goodlumayan
not borednggak bosan
not enoughtidak cukup
not good (nice way of saying not good "tidak bagus")kurang bagus
not in rupiahtidak di rupiah
not muchtidak banyak
not necessary (slang for tidak perlu)nggak usah
not nowtidak sekarang
not smart (nice way of saying dumb "bodoh")kurang pandai
not therenggak ada
not true / not reallytidak benar
not very..., not especially, not particularly...tidak begitu
not yetbelum
not yetbelum
not yetbelum
not yet used tobelum biasa
not yet.belum
not, no (when negating a noun)bukan
nothing, never mind, doesn't mattertidak apa-apa
nothing, why?tidak apa-apa kenapa
nounkata dasar
novelnovel
NovemberNovember
nowsekarang
nowsekarang
nowsekarang
now (sekarang but slang)kini
numbernomor
numbernomor
number (such-and-such), such-and-such a number, in room number 6nomor
nutskacang
o'clock (the hour of)jam
o'clock (the hour of) (slang) / hit, punchpukul
o'clock[a marker word used to express the time of day in hours and minutes]pukul
oar, paddledayung
obedient (especially obedient to religious laws)taat
obeymematuhi
OctoberOktober
of coursetentu saja
of coursetentu
of coursetentu saja
off you gosana
offended, hurt (by what someone has said)tersinggung
officekantor
officekantor
office headkepala kantor
office workerpegawai kantor
office worker, employeepegawai
oftensering
oftensering
oh! (exclamation of surprise, admiration etc.)wah
oh! ouch!waduh
oh! ouch!, (an exclamation of pain, shock or surprise)aduh!
Oh, before I forget...o ya
oilminyak
oilminyak
oil, greaseminyak
ok, tidy / neatberes
okaybaiklah
okay, fine, very wellbaiklah
oldtua
oldtua
old / dark (color)tua
old fashioned (means parents in sundanese)kolot
older brotherabang
older brother (slang for akang)kang
older brother or sisterkakak
older siblingkakak
older sibling (short for kakak)ka
on condition thatasal
on end of root word means two objectskan
on end of word eliminates necessity for first object in sentencei
on Sundaypada hari Minggu
on the corner ofdi sudut
on the left, on the lefthand side (of)di sebelah kiri
on the other sidedi seberang
on the right, on the righthand side (of)di sebelah kanan
on the side of (different groups) eg pihak golkar = supporter of Golkarpihak
on top ofdi atas
on, above, overatas
on, at, in (time)pada
once a weeksekali seminggu
once more, once againsekali lagi
once, ever, at some time in the pastpernah
onesatu
onesatu
onesatu
one a week on..sekali seminggu pada
one hundredseratus
one hundredseratus
one moresatu lagi
one more week (one week again)satu minggu lagi
one oclockjam satu
one thousandseribu
one thousand five hundredseribu lima ratus
one thousand, a thousandseribu
one traditional style of Javanese roofjoglo
oneselfsendiri
onionbawang
onlyhanya
onlyhanya
only (like tetapi; hanya)cuman
only (new)baru
only (same as hanya)cuma
only / justsaja
only, merelymelulu
openbuka
open spaceslapangan
open, open-mindedterbuka
opening hoursjam buka
opinionpendapat
opinionpendapat
opinion, according tomenurut
opponent, against, versus (eg team1 lawan team2)lawan
opportunitykesempatan
oratau
oratau
oratau
or not when added to the end of a sentence. Instead of apakahnggak
or [when you are stressing, an 'either/or' contrast], (informal/slangy)apa (conjunction)
oral, verballisan
orange (color)jingga
orange juiceair jeruk
oranges (fruit)jeruk
ordered, regular, successive, sequentialurut
ordinarybiasa
organisationorganisasi
organisation / foundationyayasan
orphanyatim
otherlain
otherlain
other peopleorang lain
our / we / us (excluding the person addressed)kami
our / we / us (including the person addressed)kita
our girl is littleanak perempuan kami kecil
our homerumah kami
our little girlanak perempuan kecil kami
outdoor areadaerah luar
outsidedi luar
outsidedi luar
outsideluar
outwardly and inwardlylahir dan batin
over theredi sana
over theresana
over there (javanese for sana but used in jakarta)sono
overcome, solvetanggulangi
overseas, abroaddi luar negeri
own (to possess)memiliki
ownedmilik
pacific oceansamudra pasifik
packagepaket
packagepaket
packagingkemasan
packets of ...bungkus
paddy fieldsawah
page, yard, leafhalaman
pair, couple / assemble something / rise (of the tide)pasang
palacekraton
palm oilsawit
pantscelana
papa, father, dadpapi
paperkertas
parentsorang tua
parents (slangy abbreviation)ortu
parktaman
parking lottempat parkir
partbagian
participate / joinikut
particularly, the more so, especiallyapalagi
Partly Cloudysebagian berawan
partypesta
passengerpenumpang (tumpang)
passengerpenumpang
passportpaspor
past (time)lampau
past (when telling the time), to go pastlewat
patient (in health care)pasien
patient, tolerantsabar
paybayar
PeaceSalam
peacefuldamai
peanutskacang tanah
peeping, perving, voyeurintip
penpena
pension, retirement annuitypensiun
pension, retirement moneypensiun
peopleorang-orang
people / nationbangsa
people / personorang
people, humansmanusia
peppermerica
peppermerica
percentpersen
perfect, impeccable, flawlesssempurna
performancepementasan
permissionijin
permission, a permit to ask for permissionizin
personorang
person, man/womanorang
personalitykepribadian
petrol / gasolinebensin
petrol station (gas station)pompa bensin
petrol tank (gas tank)tangki bensin
petrol, gasolinebensin
pets (animals looked after)binatang peliharaan
pharmacy / chemistapotek
PHDS3
philosopherahli filsafat
philosopherfilsuf
philosophyfalsafah
philosophyfilsafat
physicsfisika
pick upjemput
picture, drawing, imagegambar
pigeon, dovemerpati
pilgrimageziarah
pimpgermo
pineapplenanas
pinkmerah muda
pink (alternative based on a fruit)merah jambu
piratebajak laut
pity (darling)sayang
placetempat
place of worktempat kerja
planrencana
plan / programrencana
plan/program of actionprogram
planttanaman
platepiring
plate, the dishespiring
playmain
playing basket ballbermain bola basket
playing cardsbermain kartu
playing guitarbermain gitar
playing soccerbermain sepak bola
playing table tennisbermain tenis meja
playing volleyballbermain bola voli
pleasant (talking about your surroundings)nyaman
pleasant, comfortablenyaman
pleasant, nice, enjoyablemenyenangkan (senang)
pleasetolong
please (go ahead and...)silakan
please (help me)tolong
please (invite to do something)silahkan
Please doSilakan
please explaintolong jelaskan
please fill in this formtolong mengisi formulir ini
please give me some dollarstolong berikan saya sedikit uang dollar
Please go to..silahkan ke
please help bytolong
please repeattolong ulangi
please, c'mon, let's, good byemari
plural marker for human beingspara
plus (in mathematical, calculations)tambah
plus or minus (used the same way people say "plus or minus" when giving estimates in english eg "plus or minus five items", but indonesians say minus plus)kurang lebih
pneumoniaradang paru-paru
pocket moneyuang saku
point outtunjuk
pointed (of nose)mancung
policepolisi
police officerpolisi
police stationkantor polisi
Police Stationkantor polisi
police, police officerpolisi
politesopan
polite address, a greetingsapa
polite, courteoussopan
political scienceilmu politik
pollutionpolusi
polo shirtkemeja polo
poormiskin
poormiskin
poor thingkasihan
poor youkasihan
popularpopuler
population, residentpenduduknya
populist, like the common manmerakyat
porkbabi
porkdaging babi
porridgebubur
portpelabuhan
possessedkesurupan
possiblybisa jadi
possibly, maybe, perhaps, possible, maymungkin
post officekantor pos
Post Officekantor pos
potatokentang
potatoeskentang
powdered milksusu bubuk
power / energytenaga
power, authority (might)kuasa
power, force, energydaya
practicalpraktis
practicepraktek
practice, exerciselatihan
practicingberlatih
prawn crackerskerupuk
prawns / shrimpudang
prayberdoa
prayersholat
prayersolat
prayer room (for Muslims), a small mosquemusala
predictionprediksi
preferably, it would be good if..., it would be better to..., shouldsebaiknya
prefix meaning "most/ best" for adjectives, or completed for verbster-
pregnant (for animals)bunting
pregnant (for people)hamil
present (gift)hadiah
presentationpresentasi
presents, giftshadiah
presidentpresiden
prestigiousbergengsi
pretendpura-pura
pretending to know everythingsok tau
pretty for girlscantik
pretty, beautiful, (describing the appearance, of girls/women)cantik
pretty, good-looking, 'spunky', 'hot', (informal/slangy)cakep
prevention, to stop somethingpencegahan
primary school (yrs 1-6, slang for sekolah dasar)SD
primary school / elementary schoolsekolah dasar (sd)
prime ministerperdana menteri
private (i.e. not state-owned)swasta
private (ownership)swasta
private / personalpribadi
problemmasalah
problemmasalah
problems, issuesmasalah
processproses
productionproduksi
progresskemajuan
projectproyek
promise, appointmentjanji
promise, appointment, datejanji
pronunciationucapan
prophetnabi
protectjaga
Protestant churchgereja protestan
proudbangga
proudbangga
provinceprovinsi
public (not umum)publik
public / general (not publik)umum
public opinionpendapat umum
public toiletwc umum
public, generalumum
pull (root word for menarik, tertarik)tarik
pump attendanttukang pompa
punctual, on timetepat waktu
pupil / studentmurid
purchases (purchased items)belian
purpleungu
qualitykualitas
qualitymutu
quarantinekarantina
quarter to or quarter past theseperempat
questionpertanyaan
questionpertanyaan
question marker for 'yes/no' questionsapakah
queueantri
quiet (base word)sepi
quiet (of a person)pendiam (diam)
quiet (of a person)pendiam
quiet (slang)nyepi
quiet / serene / calmtenang
quiet personpendiam
quiet, lonely, desertedsepi
quite, pretty (adverb), enoughcukup
quizkuis
radioradio
rainhujan
Rainhujan
raiseddibesarkan
raised / grown updibesarkan
rambutan fruit)rambutan
rarelangka
rare, endangeredlangka
rarely, seldomjarang
ratheragak
ratheragak
rationality; common sense; reasonakal
rawmentah
readbaca
readysiap
readysiap
really goodbenar-benar bagus
Really! Really?, Is that so!O begitu!
really, truly, genuinelybetul-betul
reason, excusealasan
recentlybaru-baru ini
reception area (in a house)ruang tamu
record (old style vinyl LP)piringan hitam
redmerah
red onionbawang merah
reddishkemerah-merahan
reefterumbu
refined, well-spokenhalus
refined; well-manneredhalus
regarding, concerning, againstterhadap
regiondaerah
regionkawasan
regionwilayah
region (like daerah)wilayah
relationshipshubungan
relativerelatip
relative pronoun; that is, who is, which is; "I like 'the one thats' red" = "saya suka yang merah"yang
relaxsantai
relaxsantai
relaxing (jakarta slang)nyantai
religionagama
religionagama
religious giving, charityzakat
religious prophetnabi
rememberingat
repeatulangi
report (document)laporan
researchriset
researcherpeneliti (teliti)
respecthormat
restaurantrestoran
restaurant (r)restoran
restaurant (rm)rumah makan
result, consequenceakibat
result, yieldhasil
retiredpensiun
returnkembali
revelationwahyu
revenue stamps (stamp duty)meterai
reverse, upside downbalik
rhinocerosbadak
rhinocerosbadak
ribsiga
rice (as it grows in a paddy field or dry field), a rice plantpadi
richkaya
richkaya
riddle, puzzle, problemteka teki
ridenaik
rightkanan
right (direction)kanan
right awaylangsung
right, (the opposite of left)kanan
right?betul
ringcin-cin
riversungai
roasted; to roastpanggang
roofatap
roofatap
roof sheeting, zincseng
roomkamar
roomkamar
rooming house rentalkos
root, a plant rootakar
ropetali
rosemawar
roughly / aboutkira-kira
roughly / approximatelykira-kira
roughly, about, approximatelykira-kira
roundbulat
routerute
rubbish, trashsampah
rude / coarsekasar
rugpermadani
ruler, linerpenggaris
rundown, decayedbobrok
rupiah (Indonesia's unit of currency)rupiah
RussiaRusia
sacredsuci
sadsedih
sad, to feel sadnesssedih
safe (from trouble), Also: Congratulations!selamat
safe (good)selamat
safe, secureaman
saidbilang
said when expressing sympathy (also kasihan)kasian
saladsalat
saltgaram
salty eggstelur asin
same as sedang if before the verb, means again if after the verblagi
same, similar (not serupa)sama
sandpasir
sandalssandal
satay (grilled meat on a stick)sate
satisfiedpuas
Saturdayhari Sabtu
saturday nightsabtu malam
saturday night (night before sunday)malam minggu
Saudi ArabiaArab Saudi
savings accounttabungan
saykatakan
saybilang
say againkatakan lagi
say thatkatakan bahwa
says (very formal written)mengatakan
scarfselendang
schoolsekolah
schoolsekolah
school principalkepala sekolah
school studentsiswa
school studentsiswa
scienceilmu pengetahuan
science, esoteric knowledgeilmu
science, knowledgeilmu
script, text, documentnaskah
sealaut
seasonmusim
seasoning, spicebumbu
seattempat duduk
seat cushionbantal kursi
second (ordinal number)kedua
secretlydiam-diam
section / partbagian
seelihat
See you laterSampai nanti
see you tomorrow / until tomorrowsampai besok
seedbiji
seek / look formencari
seldom / rarelyjarang
seldom, rarely, not oftenjarang
selfsendiri
selfdiri
self, by oneself (without help from anyone), alonesendiri
self-confidentpercaya diri
selljual
sent / sendkirim
separatepisah
SeptemberSeptember
service, usefulnessjasa
seventujuh
seventujuh
seventujuh
seventeentujuh belas
seventy sixtujuh puluh enam
several, somebeberapa
sex (general subject of sex)seks
shadow puppet (traditonal indonesian)wayang-kulit
shady (ie shadow)teduh
shallotbawang merah
sharkhiu
she is littledia kecil
She is my motherdia ibu saya
She is named RihannaDia bernama Rihanna
She is RihannaDia Rihanna
shipkapal
shipkapal
shipped, sentdikirim
shirt (with buttons)kemeja
shoesepatu
shoesepatu
shoessepatu
shoptoko
shoptoko
shoppingberbelanja
shopping mallmal
shortpendek
shortpendek
shortpendek
short sleevedlengan pendek
shortscelana pendek
shortscelana pendek
shouldseharusnya
should, ought toseharusnya
shouldersbahu
shout / pay for someonetraktir
shrimp crackerskerupuk
shrimp pasteterasi
shymalu
shy personpemalu
sick, illsakit
sick, painful, hurtsakit
sih is an interjection discourse particle (DP). It is used to add emphasis to the question or statement, expressing curiosity or assertiveness: mau apa sih? (“what do you want?”); ada apa sih? (“what’s going on?”)sih
siliconesilikon
silly / stupidbodoh
silver (also slang for rupiah)perak
similarmirip
similar, alike, identical (not sama)serupa
simplesederhana
simplesederhana
sincesejak
sincesejak
since this morningsejak pagi ini
since whensejak kapan
sinceretulus
sincerityketulusan
sinful, wicked, evil, nastyjahat
singbernyanyi
singnyanyi
SingaporeSingapura
Singapore (lit. lion temple)singapura
Sir / FatherPak
Sir/YouBapak
Sir/YouPak
sitduduk
sitting room, lounge roomruang keluarga
sixenam
sixenam
sixenam
sixtyenam puluh
size, measurementukuran
skillketerampilan
skinkulit
skirtrok
skylangit
slang for homework (pekerjaan rumah)PR
sleeptidur
sleepy (slang)ngantuk
slippersselop
slowlambat
slow / slowlypelan
slower (more slow)lebih pelan
slowlypelan-pelan
smallkecil
smallkecil
small and narrow, chinky of eyessipit
small hotellosmen
small streetside eaterywarung
smartpandai
smart ass, know it allsok pintar
smart, clever (same as pandai)pintar
smellbau
smilesenyum
smoke, smogasap
smoke, vapor, fumesasap
smooth, fluentlancar
snackfoodmakanan kecil
snakeular
snowsalju
Snowybersalju
so ... after all, it turns out that ... after allternyata
so farsampai sekarang
so so, not so goodkurang begitu
so thatsehingga
so thatsupaya
so thatsehingga
so that (incidental, accidental)sehingga
so that (intent, purpose, in order to)supaya
so that (same as supaya)biar
so that, in order tosupaya
so, like this, this waybegini
so, therefore, thusjadi
so, therefore, thusjadi
so, thus (not maka)jadi
soapsabun
social scienceilmu pengetahuan sosial
sociologysosiologi
sockskaus kaki
soil, land (place)tanah
some (noun)ada yang, ada ____ yang
some / a fewbeberapa
some friendsbeberapa teman
some other timelain kali
some peopleada orang yang
someone's age, how old someone isumur
someone's appearance, the way someone presents themselvespenampilan (tampil)
someone's attitudesikap
someone's facewajah
someone's face, the front part of somethingmuka
someone's gaze, an opinion/view about somethingpandangan
somethingsesuatu
somethingsesuatu
somethingsesuatu
something wrong you did by mistake (from arabic)khilaf
sometimes, occasionally, from time to timekadang-kadang
sophisticated, advanced, high-techcanggih
Sorry / excuse memaaf
Sorry, I apologisemaaf
Sorry, you can’t!maaf tidak boleh
soulhayat
soul / spiritjiwa
soupsup
soupsop
sourcesumber
southselatan
south easttenggara
south kalimantan (acronym for kalimantan selatan)kalsel
south westbarat daya
south, southernselatan
souvenirsoleh-oleh
soya bean biscuit, tempehtempe
Spainspanyol
speakbicara
speakingbicaranya
specialistimewa
special / uniquekhusus
special, exceptional, out of the ordinaryistimewa
special, specific (adjective)khusus
spectacles / glasseskacamata
spellingejaan
spendthrift, extravagant (in spending money)royal
spices, seasoningsrempah
spicypedas
spicy hotpedas
spicy noodlesmi pedas
spiky for hairberdiri tegak
spoonsendok
sportolahraga
sportolahraga
spottedtutul
spotted/ freckledberbintik
squidcumi-cumi
stabbing someonetikam
staff / workerpegawai
stage, raised platformpanggung
stairstangga
starbintang
starfishbintang laut
starting to get cold (start cold)mulai dingin
startled, surprised, amazedheran
statuepatung
stay / livetinggal
stealcuri
steepterjal
steering wheelsetir
step onelangkah satu
step twolangkah dua
stiff, unbending forcekaku
stillmasih
still (adverb)masih
still (continuing)masih
still / continue (slang from betawi. Also spelt "tetap". Same meaning as masih)tetep
still, permanenttetap
stingypelit
stiraduk
stone / rockbatu
stone pestle and mortarulekan batu
storeroom, warehousegudang
Stormyberbadai
storycerita
storycerita
story / talecerita
stove, (including the small, benchtop stove)kompor
straightlurus
straightlurus
straitselat
strange, weird, puzzlinganeh
streetjalan
street, roadjalan
strict, tightketat
stripedbergaris
strongkuat
strongkuat
strugglejuang
student lessonpelajaran
studentsmurid-murid
stupidbodoh
stupidbego
stupid! (rude word)goblok
stupid, dumb (slang, same meaning as bodoh)bego
stylegaya
style, mannergaya
stylish, trendykeren
subjectmata pelajaran
subordinates (people under boss)anak buah
subtraction, minus (in mathematics)kurang
successsfulsukses
such-and-such a datetanggal
sucksedot
suddenlytiba-tiba
suffermenderita
sugargula
sugargula
suggestion, advicesaran
suit jacketjas
suitablecocok
sulkingmgambek
sum, total, quantity, numberjumlah
summermusim panas
summer (hot season)musim panas
sunmatahari
sun glasseskacamata hitam
Sundayhari Minggu
Sunnycerah
sunrisematahari terbit
sunsetmatahari terbenam
super marketpasar swalayan
supportsdukung
supposing, supposing that, in the event that...andai kata
surferpeselancar
surfingberselancar
surgerybedah
surprisedterkejut
surprised, startledterkejut
surprisingmengherankan (heran)
surrender, give upserah
survey, pollangket
suspecteddiduga
suspiciouscuriga
sweaterbaju hangat
sweater / jumperbaju sweter
sweetmanis
sweetmanis
swimmingberenang
swimming poolkolam renang
swimming poolkolam renang
sword fighterpendekar
systemsistem
systemsistem
system, ordertata
T-Junctionpertigaan
T-shirtbaju kaus
tablemeja
tablemeja
table spoonsendok makan
tail (slang for seekor, classifier for animals)ekor
tailortukang jahit
takeambil
takemengambil
takeambil
take/bring/escort someonemengantar
take/tookambil
talentbakat
talkativecerewet
talking (slang, everyone says this, not bicara)ngomong
talltinggi
tall, hightinggi
tall, hightinggi
tangled, disorderedkusut
tasktugas
taste / feelingperasaan
taste, appetiteselera
taste, appetiteselera
tasty / deliciousenak
taxitaksi
taxi driversopir taksi
teateh
teateh
tea for both of usteh untuk kami berdua
teachmengajar
teach / learn (base word)ajar
teacherguru
teacherguru
teakkayu jati
team (from english)tim
team (indonesian word)regu
tearsair mata
teensbelas
telephonetelepon
telephonetelepon
televisiontelevisi
television set, televisiontelevisi
Tell me if ...? (Requires “yes/no” answer)Apakah
tell you (slang for kasih tahu)ngasih tahu
temperaturesuhu
Temperaturesuhu
temperaturesuhu
templepura
templepura
templecandi
tensepuluh
tensepuluh
tensepuluh
ten thousand rupiahsepuluh ribu rupiah
tennistenis
tennis courtlapangan tenis
tenspuluh
tent / sheltertenda
terrain, land, earthbumi
terrifichebat
terrific, great (not bagus)hebat
test, experimentuji
text bookbuku teks
thandaripada
thandaripada
than "this is better than that" (slang for daripada)dari (pada)
thank youterima kasih
thank youterima kasih
thank youterima kasih
thank you (in sundanese)nuhun
thank you (short form)makasih
Thank you for ...Terima kasih atas
thank you very muchterima kasih banyak
thatbahwa
that (b)bahwa
that (informal/slangy demonstrative pronoun)tuh
that - the same as itu but you can't see, point at it. need: noun + tersebuttersebut
that - when used as a conjunction the same as bahwa. It is commonly spoken more than "bahwa"kalau
that / that is a ...itu
that / thoseyang
that boy is big (grown up)yang laki-laki besar
that is (ya itu)yaitu
That is my motherItu ibu saya
that oneyang itu
that's a shame / what a pity (pity very)sayang sekali
that's allsekian
that's alot of moneybanyak uang
that's enough, that will dosudah cukup
that's fine, no problem, no worriestidak apa-apa
that's it!begitu lah
that's too muchkebanyakan
that, thoseitu
that, which, who (relative pronoun)yang
that; conjunction (joining clauses) eg "I know that you're good"bahwa
that; demonstrative pronoun; replaces a noun eg "I want that"itu
that’s not possible!tidak mungkin
the (adjective) oneyang + (adjective)
the (fuel) tanktangkinya
the (human) bodytubuh
the - definite article determiner. Only for people, animals. Put before people's names when talking about them in 3rd person eg di mana si Tina?si
the airudara
the atmosphere (of a place)suasana
the backpunggung
the big oneyang besar
The Botanical Garden (in Bogor)Kebun Raya
the brainotak
the breathnapas
the buttockspantat
the centrepusat
the contents of somethingisi
the contents of somethingisi
the correct route (route that's true)rute yang benar
the cost of a service, the charge of a service, the fareongkos
the cost, the ratetarif
the day after tomorrowlusa
the day beforehari sebelumnya
the day before yesterdaykemarin dulu
the dry seasonmusim kemarau
the edgetepi
the endberakhir
the end (of an object, i.e. the furthermost, extremity of something)ujung
the entire, the wholeseluruh
the fasting monthbulan puasa
the festival of Ied, the (usually two) days of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting monthIdul Fitri
the field of..bidang
the firstpertama
the five philosophical pillars of indonesiapancasila
the food served at a mealhidangan
The formal version of "bisa". In other words, "able to do something"dapat
the futuremasa depan
the governmentpemerintah
the head of a regency or a, sub-provincial districtbupati
the head of a sub-districtcamat
the heartjantung
the idea of writing (abstract noun eg the writing of the constitution)penulisan
the intestines, the guts, bowelsusus
the item you're writing (concrete noun)tulisan
the key is... / the secret is...kuncinya
The Koran (the holy book of Islam)Al-Qur'an
the land / earthbumi
the last time I was angry..terakhir kali saya marah
the lipsbibir
the lowest possible priceharga mati
the lungsparu-paru
the main thing ispokoknya
the meaningartinya
the middle of the night, late at nightlarut malam
the moderatormoderator
the monetary value of something, a value, a norm, normsnilai
the mostpaling
the mouthmulut
The Netherlands East IndiesHindia Belanda
The Netherlands, HollandBelanda
the newspaperkoran itu
the next day, the following daybesoknya
the nosehidung
the one over thereyang di sana
the only onesatu-satunya
the other oneyang lain
the outside, the exteriorluar
the parliamentparlemen
the pastmasa lampau
the pastmasa lampau
the pastmasa lalu
The PhilippinesFilipina
the points of the compassmata angin
the present nowadaysmasa kini
the price of somethingharga
the rainy seasonmusim hujan
the real thing, genuine, not imitationasli
the result of one's workhasil kerja
the same, with, together with (in informal usage), andsama
the sealaut
the secondkedua
the skylangit
the store/storestokonya
the stores are closedtokonya tutup
the stores are not open in the morningtokonya tidak buka di pagi hari
the storyceritanya
the streetsjalanan
the study (of something), studies (in a certain fieldstudi
the things you have to do (as part of a job), a task, duties, obligationstugas
The United States of AmericaAmerika Serikat
the use of somethingpemakaian (pakai)
the visit (noun)ada kunjungan
the whole familysekeluarga
the ____th (of number)yang ke-
thenkemudian
thenkemudian
thenlalu
then (after that)kemudian
then / continueterus
then to the leftkemudian ke kiri
then, after that, Then? Then what?, What happened then?lalu
there / is it there? / it's over theredi sana
there are / are thereada
there are five peopleada lima orang
there are two hundred kilometers to Bandungada dua ratus kilometer ke Bandung
there is gas in the carada bensin dalam mobil
there is, there are, to be present, to be in, to be at homeada
there, over theredi sana
they / themmereka
they say (that)katanya
they're bigmereka besar
they're heremereka di sini
they, theirmereka
they/them/theirmereka
thicktebal
thicktebal
Thick Fogberkabut tebal
thiefpencuri
thintipis
thin / skinnykurus
thin, skinnykurus
thing (things, of thing, it), situation, circumstancehal
thing, goods, piece of merchandisebarang
thinkpikir
thirstyhaus
thirteentiga belas
thirtytiga puluh
thirty threetiga puluh tiga
thisini
thisini
thisini
this (slang for ini)nih
this afternoon (spoken in the morning)nanti siang
this afternoon (spoken later in the day)tadi siang
this afternoon (spoken later)tadi sore
this evening / tonightmalam ini
this is ...inilah
This is ... (when you are introducing someone)kenalkan
this is meini saya
This is my motherini ibu saya
This is RihannaIni Rihanna
this monthbulan ini
this morning (spoken later in the day)tadi pagi
this newspaperkoran ini
this newspaper is too expensivekoran ini terlalu mahal
this oneyang ini
this restaurant is crowdedrestoran ini penuh
this tea is for youteh ini untuk anda
this weekminggu ini
this word, what does it meankata ini artinya apa
this yeartahun ini
this, at the moment, nownih
thoughtpikiran
thousandribu
thousandsribuan
thousandsribu
thousandsribuan
threatenedterancam
threetiga
threetiga
threetiga
three times a weektiga kali seminggu
throattenggorokan
throughmelalui
throw away, dumpbuang
thunderguntur
Thunderstormberbadai guntur
Thursdayhari Kamis
thusdemikian
thus (not jadi)maka
ticketkarcis
tie (neck tie)dasi
tigerharimau
tigerharimau
tiger (not harimau)macan
timewaktu
timewaktu
timewaktu
time of youth ("in my younger days.." common expression among elderly)waktu muda
time/period (not waktu)masa
times (frequency eg 2 times = dua kali)kali
times, a timekali
timezone of west indonesia (acronym for waktu indonesia barat)WIB
tiredcapai
tiredcapai
tired (slangy)capek / capai
tired from working (no preposition)capek kerja
title, headingjudul
toke
toke
to 'treat' someone, to 'shout' someone, to pay for someonetraktir
to (for people)kepada
to (preposition), towards, in direction ofke
to (when you are talking about something that is directed towards an individual or a group of people, not a place)kepada
to addmenambahkan (tambahkan)
to add to somethingmenambah (tambah)
to admit, confessakui
to advance, go forwardmaju
to advicemenasihatkan (nasihatkan)
to affectdampak
to agreesetuju
to answermenjawab (jawab)
to answer the phone, to take a phone callterima telepon
to apologise, to ask for forgivenessmohon maaf
to apologise, to ask for forgivenessminta maaf
to appeartimbul
to appear to be, to seemtampak
to applylamar
to apply for (a job), to formally ask for a woman's hand in marriagemelamar
to appraise, value, grade, rate, scoremenilai
to arrange something, to regulate somethingmengatur (atur)
to arrivetiba
to arrive in/at (a place), to reach (a destination)sampai di + name of places
to asktanya
to ask (a question)bertanya
to ask along, inviteajak
to ask for assistance/helpminta tolong
to ask for something, to requestminta
to ask someone for something (respectfully)mohon
to assemble, to gather, to come togetherberkumpul
to assist, helpmembantu
to attend a lecture, to go to a lectureikut kuliah
to be a follower of such-and-such a religionberagama
to be a speaker of a languageberbahasa
to be able tosanggup
to be able to do somethingbisa
to be accompanieddiantar
to be alive, to livehidup
to be alloweddiizinkan
to be alonemenyendiri
to be annoyedsebal
to be answereddijawab
to be arrangeddiatur
to be aware, to be conscioussadar
to be boileddirebus
to be bornlahir
to be borroweddipinjam
to be boughtdibeli
to be brusheddisikat
to be builtdibangun
to be carrieddibawa
to be closedditutup
to be coloniseddijajah
to be compareddibandingkan
to be contagious, infectiousjangkit
to be cut offdipotong
to be dependenttergantung
to be donedilakukan
to be drunkdiminum
to be eatendimakan
to be fetched, to be removeddiambil
to be filled in/outdiisi
to be fixeddiperbaiki
to be given somethingdiberikan
to be given to someone, to have something attached ondiberi
to be going steady, to be boyfriend and girlfriendberpacaran
to be going steady, to be dating, to be going out withpacaran
to be good at (doing something), clever, intelligent, smartpandai
to be helddipegang
to be honest, to be quite frank, frankly speakingterus terang
to be impressedterkesan
to be in contact with, to have a connection withberhubungan
to be in power, to be the dominant forceberkuasa
to be inviteddiajak
to be ironeddiseterika
to be keptdisimpan
to be loweredditurunkan
to be madedibuat
to be mixeddicampur
to be of the same ageseumur
to be of the same opinionsependapat
to be offendedsakit hati
to be openeddibuka
to be placedditaruh
to be plantedditanam
to be quietdiam
to be quiet, peacefultenang
to be readdibaca
to be recognised (as/by)dikenal
to be reduceddikurangi
to be refused, rejected, turned downditolak
to be repeateddiulang
to be replaceddiganti
to be responsiblebertanggung jawab
to be returneddikembalikan
to be scared, to be afraidtakut
to be seen, to be looked atdilihat
to be sentdikirim
to be sewndijahit
to be short ofkekurangan
to be shut/closed (for a holiday etc.), to have time off (from work/school etc.)libur
to be solddijual
to be stirreddiaduk
to be struck by something, to be adversely affected bykena
to be struck, hitkena
to be successful, to have success, to succeedberhasil
to be such-and-such an age, to be so many years oldberumur
to be sungdinyanyikan
to be taken upwardsdinaikkan
to be thrown awaydibuang
to be told to do somethingdisuruh
to be tradeddiperjualbelikan
to be treateddiobati
to be tried ondicoba
to be unemployed, to be doing nothingmenganggur (anggur)
to be upset bydiganggu
to be useddigunakan
to be used tosudah biasa
to be useful, helpfulbermanfaat
to be visiteddikunjungi
to be washeddicuci
to be willingbersedia
to be wished, desireddiinginkan
to be wrappeddibungkus
to be writtenditulis
to become, to bemenjadi (jadi)
to begin, to start, to make a beginningmulai
to believepercaya
to bleedberdarah
to boilmerebus
to boilmerebus (rebus)
to borrow somethingmeminjam (pinjam)
to borrow somethingpinjam
to breakpecah
to break a promisemengingkar janji
to break your fast, to have a meal in the evening after a day of fastingberbuka puasa
to breed (animals)kembang biak
to bringbawa
to brush your teethmenggosok gigi
to brush, slide, grategeser
to build/construct somethingmembangun
to build/construct somethingmembangun (bangun)
to burn, to light, to ignitemenyala
to buybeli
To buy (something)membeli
to buy somethingmembeli (beli)
to buy something for someone (slang for membelikan)ngebeliin
to call, summonpanggil
to camp, campingberkemah
to caremengasuh
to care aboutpeduli
to care about, pay attention topeduli
to carry somethingmenggendong (gendong)
to carry, bringbawa
to catchmenangkap (tangkap)
to catch a coldmasuk angin
to causesebab
to changemengubah
to changemerubah
to change, to altermengubah (ubah)
to change, to evolve, to be different from beforeberubah
to chant Allahu Akbar (God is Great) in chorus over and overtakbiran
to chatbercakap-cakap
to chatobrol
to chat, to talk about something (informal)ngobrol
to choosememilih (pilih)
to choosememilih
to claim, demandtuntut
to clap (slang - a passive transitive inflection and colloquial contraction of bertepuk tangan)tepukin
to cleanmembersihkan
to clean somethingmembersihkan (bersihkan)
to closetutup
to comb (e.g. your hair)menyisir (sisir)
to comb (slang)nyisir
to comb your hairbersisir
to combine, to mergemenggabungkan (gabungkan)
to comedatang
to come home, to go homepulang
to come, arrivedatang
to come/go down, to descend, to get out (of a vehicle), to disembarkturun
to competebertanding
to conduct an interviewberwawancara
to conduct an interview with someonemewawancarai (wawancarai)
to consideranggap
to consider about somethingpikir-pikir
to consider asmenganggap (anggap)
to cookmasak
to cookmemasakkan
to coughbatuk
to counthitung
to count somethingmenghitung (hitung)
to count, calculatehitung
to crymenangis (tangis)
to cry (slang from menangis)nangis
to cutpotong
to cutmemotong
to cut off, clear, razebabat
to cut something, to cut something offmemotong (potong)
to damage, break somethingmerusak
to damage, destroy break somethingmerusak (rusak)
to dancemenari
to dance (western style, disco style)berdansa
to deal withberurusan
to decidememutuskan (putuskan)
to decreasemengurangi
to defendmembela
to depart, to set off (to go somewhere) to leave (on a trip)berangkat
to dependbergantung
to depend ontergantung pada
to depositsetor
to descend, go downturun
to destroymemusnahkan
to die (formal expression)wafat
to die (more respectful like "passed away")meninggal
to die, deadmati
to differbeda
to discover, findmenemukan
to discuss, studybahas
to disturbganggu
to do gymnastics, to do aerobics, to work outbersenam
to do somethingberbuat
to do something, to undertake something, to make (a trip, effort)melakukan (lakukan)
to do the cooking, to cook (something)masak
to do, perform, executemengerjakan
to do, perform, execute (jakarta slang of karja / mengerjakan)ngerjain
to drawmenggambar
to drinkminum
to drivemengendarai (kendarai)
to drop by, to make a short stop/visit, to call in (at a place)singgah
to dry something in the sunmenjemur (jemur)
to eatmakan
to eat a pre-dawn meal during the fasting month, to eat an early breakfast during the fasting monthsahur
to emerge, appearterbit
to enjoy (from nikmat)menikmati
to enjoy (usually food, opposite sex, anything tasty)doyan
to enjoy somethingdemen
to eruptmeletus (letus)
to escort someoneantar
to examinememeriksa (periksa)
to examine, testmenguji
to exchangetukar
to exist, to be present, to be available, to be located, to own / possessada
to exit, expel, releasemengeluarkan
to experience somethingmengalami (alami)
to falljatuh
to fall down (things)jatuh
to fall in battlegugur
to fall sickjatuh sakit
to fast, to abstain from food and drinkberpuasa
to feel (an emotion), to feel that...merasa (rasa)
to feel (sensation in your body/heart)terasa
to feel/be sure (that)yakin
to fillmengisi
to fillmengisi
to fill somethingmengisi (isi)
to finishselesai
to fire someone (from a job)memecat (pecat)
to fitpas
to fit, instal, set/put something in a placememasang (pasang)
to flyterbang
to follow behindsusul
to forbidmelarang
to forgetlupa
to forward, to the front, ahead, forwardske depan
to fry somethingmenggoreng (goreng)
to gambleberjudi
to gape, be open-mouthedmenganga
to gardenberkebun
to gatherberkumpul
to get better, recoversembuh
to get divorcebercerai
to get dressed, to be dressedberpakaian
to get marriedkawin
to get marriedmenikah (nikah)
to get marriedmenikah
to get readysiap-siap
to get ready, to make preparations, to prepare (for something)bersiap-siap
to get something for somebodymengambilkan
to get to know, to meet (spoken, formal is berkenalan)kenalan
to get up (out of bed)bangun
to get up (out of bed)bangun
to givememberikan
to give (something)memberi
to give it a good long thoughtdiingat-ingat
to give out, divide outmembagi-bagi
to give somethingmemberikan (berikan)
to give; to presentberi
to gopergi
to go and get something, to fetch something, to reach out and remove, to pick up somethingmengambil (ambil)
to go back, to come back, you're welcome, (in reply to 'thank you')kembali
to go by/pastlewat
to go for a stroll, to travelberjalan-jalan
to go for a stroll, to travelberjalan-jalan
to go forwardmaju
to go from place to placeberkeliling
to go homepulang
to go in, to come in, to entermasuk
to go outkeluar
to go out, to come out, to emerge, to exitkeluar
to go shopping, to do the shoppingberbelanja
to go to school, (i.e. to be enrolled at a school)bersekolah
to go, to move forward, to walkberjalan
to go/come along, to join in, to also do something with, othersikut
to greet each other (usually by shaking hands)bersalaman
to greet someonesambut
to grillmemanggang (panggang)
to growtumbuh
to guardjaga
to guide, accompany (means "inter" when a prefix)antar
to handle, to deal withmenangani
to hang, be suspendedtergantung
to happen, occur, transpire, take placejadi (verb)
to havepunya
to havememiliki (miliki)
to have a headachesakit kepala
to have a heart diseasesakit jantung
to have a noseberhidung
to have a problembermasalah
to have breakfastmakan pagi
to have dinnermakan malam
to have lunchmakan siang
to have one thing replaced with another, to changeberganti
to have something, to own somethingmempunyai (punyai)
to have stomach problemsakit perut
to healmengobati (obati)
to heardengar
to hearmendengar (dengar)
to hear (something)mendengar
to help someone (especially someone in difficulty)menolong (tolong)
to help someone, to assistmembantu (bantu)
to help someone, to assist someonebantu
to hit (someone/something)memukul
to hit someone/something, to strikememukul (pukul)
to hold on to somethingmemegang (pegang)
to hold, to have (a meeting/gathering/event)mengadakan (adakan)
to hopeberharap
to huntberburu
to imaginebayangkan
to improvemembaik
to inform (tell you about)memberitahu
to interviewmewawancarai
to ironmenyeterika (seterika)
to itchgatal
to jump aroundmelompat-lompat
to keep (as a pet, domestic animal or farm animal)memelihara (pelihara)
to keep, storesimpan
to kill, murderbunuh
to kiss someone, to smell, to sniff somethingmencium (cium)
to knowmengenal
to knowtahu (verb)
to know (coll)tau
to know (someone)kenal
to know someonekenal
to know something, to find out about somethingmengetahui (ketahui)
to laughtertawa
to laughtertawa
to leadmemimpin (pimpin)
to leave a person or a placesmeninggalkan (tinggalkan)
to lift up, raisemengangkat (angkat)
to likesuka
to listen to (something)mendengarkan
to listen to somethingmendengarkan (dengarkan)
to livetinggal
to live (in a certain place), to staytinggal
to live in one houseserumah
to look at, to gaze atmemandang (pandang)
to look formencari (cari)
to look over, observemeninjau
to losekehilangan
to lose (a contest/fight etc.), to be defeatedkalah
to love someonesayang
to love someonemencintai (cintai)
to make (something)membuat (buat)
to make (something)membuat
to make a contact with someonemenghubungi (hubungi)
to make a visit back to your home village in the countryside, to go upstreammudik
to make smaller, shrinkmengecil
to make the pilgrimage to Meccanaik haji
to make, do (slang)bikin
to marry (verb)menikah
to meetbertemu
to meet (base word)temu
to mixmencampur (campur)
to move / movedpindah
to murder someonemembunuh (bunuh)
to need (like perlu)butuh
to need somethingmembutuhkan (butuhkan)
to negotiate something, to bargaintawar-menawar
to not succeed, to failgagal
to nurse; care for; attend to; look aftermerawat
to offer something to someonemenawarkan (tawarkan)
to openbuka
to open somethingmembuka (buka)
to open somethingmembuka
to order (something)memesan
to order, commandmenyuruh
to originally come (from), to originate (from)berasal
to paintmelukis (lukis)
to paintlukis
to paint, to describemenggambarkan (gambarkan)
to participateturut serta
to pass away, (a polite way of saying 'to die')meninggal
to pass away, (a polite way of saying, 'to die')meninggal (tinggal)
to paymembayar (bayar)
to pay (an amount)membayar
to pay attention tomemperhatikan (perhatikan)
to peelkupas