World History 2 258 - 14.6 Review Questions

What did the Truman Doctrine promise the United States would do?
assist countries whose governments were in danger of being overthrown by communist forces
work to eliminate the stockpiling of nuclear weapons
contribute funds to help Europe rebuild following World War II
destroy the Soviet Union
What best describes the primary goal of U.S. foreign policy at the beginning of the Cold War?
prevent the Soviet Union from spreading communism outside Eastern Europe
maintain an isolationist position and ignore what was happening in the rest of the world
continue to work with the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to maintain world peace
assist European colonies in Asia and Africa to gain their independence
Where did the United States first find itself in conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
North Korea
Why was NATO created?
to protect Western countries from Soviet aggression
to protect the Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe from Western aggression
to rebuild Japan after World War II
to limit the testing of nuclear weapons
When the Nationalists were defeated in the Chinese civil war, where did they go?
How did the Korean War begin?
North Korea invaded South Korea.
South Korea invaded North Korea.
China invaded South Korea.
The United States bombed China.
What caused the First Indochina War?
France tried to reclaim Vietnam as a colony.
South Vietnam invaded North Vietnam.
China encouraged North Vietnam to attack South Vietnam.
The Soviet Union placed a communist government in power in North Vietnam.
All the following were causes of famine during China’s Great Leap Forward except
the destruction of crops during war
the use of farm labor to produce steel and work on construction projects
the requisitioning of grain to feed industrial workers and city dwellers
natural disasters like floods
On whom did Mao Zedong rely to destroy “bourgeois” elements of Chinese society in the Cultural Revolution?
trusted members of the Chinese Communist Party
the Chinese Secret Police
All of the following are reasons Yugoslavia did not become part of the Eastern Bloc except
Tito did not want Yugoslavia to be a communist country.
Tito believed the Soviet Union should treat Yugoslavia as an equal.
Tito supported the civil war in Greece, which Stalin did not.
Tito wanted to incorporate other countries into Yugoslavia, which Stalin opposed.
Which of the following best describes the goal of members of the Non-Aligned Movement?
to avoid becoming satellites of either the Western or the Eastern Bloc
to become the industrial equals of the United States and the Soviet Union
to avoid becoming communist nations
to establish Western-style forms of democratic government
Why did France, Israel, and the United Kingdom attack Egypt in 1956?
Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and closed it to Israel.
Egypt launched an air attack on Israel.
Egypt defaulted on loans it owed to France and the United Kingdom.
Egypt was undergoing a communist revolution.
In which European satellite country did the Soviet Union stage an armed intervention in the 1950s?
East Germany
What was the purpose of the Bay of Pigs invasion?
to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro
to prevent a communist revolution in Cuba
to remove nuclear missiles from Turkey
to kill Gamal Abdel Nasser
Why did President Kennedy begin a naval blockade of Cuba in 1962?
to prevent the Soviet Union from installing missiles aimed at the United States
to force Fidel Castro from power
to provide assistance to the government of Fulgencio Batista
to prevent Cuba from using its submarines to mine U.S. harbors
Which country did the Mau Mau try to liberate?
The expense of fighting a war in Afghanistan contributed to
the collapse of the Soviet Union
Ronald Reagan’s loss of the 1984 presidential election
the overthrow of the Shah of Iran
successful revolts in the central Asian Soviet republics
Which Serbian leader led an ethnic cleansing campaign against Albanians in Kosovo?
Slobodan Milošević
Josip Broz Tito
Mikhail Gorbachev
Boris Yeltsin
Who was responsible for transforming China’s economy by introducing elements of capitalism in the late 1970s?
Deng Xiaoping
Liu Shaoqi
Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing

The content of this course has been taken from the free World History, Volume 2: from 1400 textbook by Openstax