World History 2 214 - 12.6 Review Questions

What group or group did the Palmer Raids in the United States target?
Russians and suspected radicals
antiwar protestors
the Ku Klux Klan
Republican politicians
Why did the U.S. Senate oppose the Treaty of Versailles?
The Senate did not want to join the League of Nations, which was established by the treaty.
It was too long a document.
The new borders drawn in Europe were believed to be unworkable.
The treaty was dangerous and could cause another war in Europe.
What economic situation developed in Germany in the early 1920s?
rising gross domestic product (GDP)
What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact do?
It outlawed war as an instrument of foreign policy.
It established a French-American alliance for the next five decades.
It called for Germany to be blamed for World War I.
It set up loans to Latin American countries to cope with economic recessions.
What was a result of the New Economic Policy?
It kept the government in control of the economy but introduced aspects of capitalism.
It brought the economy completely under government control for the first time.
It was rejected by Lenin as too radical.
It was rejected by Stalin as too conservative.
What is collectivization?
the development of state-run farms for the entire agricultural sector
the grouping of children destined for certain career paths
the group of politicians in the national legislature who worked to oppose Stalin
the foreign policy centered on exporting revolution to other countries
What were kulaks?
wealthier peasants
Soviet bureaucrats
specially trained soldiers
medals awarded for special services to the Soviet Union
What did cities experience during the 1930s in the Soviet Union?
housing and food shortages that occurred as the population increased
little population growth
a decrease in population as people left to work on collective farms
new theaters that opened to present Western plays
What did the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act do?
It raised tariffs on foreign goods in the United States and caused other countries to retaliate.
It decreased sales taxes on goods in the United States.
It set up a fluctuating tariff system depending on the source of foreign goods.
It set quotas on foreign goods in the United States.
What happened to trade during the Great Depression?
Trade decreased across the globe.
Trade remained at its pre-Depression levels.
Trade increased through the United States and Europe but fell elsewhere.
Trade decreased only in Europe but stayed stable elsewhere.
Why were people drawn to communism in the 1930s?
The Communist Party offered an alternative to the capitalist systems being undermined by the Great Depression.
The Communist Party was the most successful organization getting people elected to office.
The Communist Party rebranded itself as a mainstream party in the 1930s.
The Communist Party exploited people’s desire for entertainment by producing movies and holding rallies on a regular basis.
How did Hitler first gain the office of chancellor?
by being invited to form a government by President Hindenburg
by leading a march on Berlin
by seizing control of government during the Beer Hall Putsch
by solving Germany’s economic problems following the Great Depression
Spain’s General Francisco Franco gained power as a result of _____.
victory in the Spanish Civil War
a cooperative treaty with the Soviet Union
a request by the Spanish king
an electoral victory
What was the Salt March in India a protest against?
the high British taxes assessed on salt
the importation of foreign salt
the industrial development of coastal areas
repressive laws regarding women under the age of thirty years
What was one consequence of the Balfour Declaration?
A Jewish homeland was formed in Palestine.
Palestine was turned over to French control.
Turkey had to adopt Christianity as the state religion.
Iraq became an independent kingdom.
What happened at Amritsar in 1919?
British Indian Army troops fired on Indian protestors.
British troops stormed a holdout of German troops.
Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi led a protest to the Indian National Congress.
Riots occurred over oil-drilling rights.
Which country controlled German New Guinea after World War I?
New Zealand
Why did women receive the right to vote in so many places in the 1920s?
as a reward for their efforts and support in World War I
because of political agreements reached in the late 1800s
as a speedy response to women’s requests
because businesses believed the vote would make women more eager to work outside the home
What was different about Mao Zedong’s view on Marxism and communism?
Mao viewed peasants as the workers and landlords as the capitalists.
Mao believed communism had already arrived in many countries in the 1800s.
Mao believed it was not possible for China to become a communist country.
Mao believed revolution in China could happen only if it came from outside.
Which South American country’s leader was influenced by Italian fascism in the 1930s?
Which of the following would a flapper do, unlike women of an earlier era?
drink in public
go to church every Sunday
marry early in life
work on a farm

The content of this course has been taken from the free World History, Volume 2: from 1400 textbook by Openstax