World History 2 165 - 10.6 Review Questions

QuestionAnswer
What was the goal of scientific management?
to increase workers’ efficiency
to raise workers’ pay
to make factories safer
to shorten the workday
How did assembly lines affect workers?
They made jobs boring and repetitious.
They made workdays shorter.
They provided greater protection from injury.
They lowered pay.
What was an important result of electrifying the workplace?
It enabled factories to stay open later and people to work at night.
It made jobs more dangerous by exposing workers to electrical currents.
It provided better heating in the winter.
It reduced the strength needed to perform certain tasks, creating more jobs for children.
How did married working-class women in western Europe commonly supplement the family’s income in the late nineteenth century?
They did piecework at home.
They worked in mines.
They taught school.
They gave music lessons.
To what nineteenth-century event does the term “demographic transition” refer?
the decrease in family size
the disappearance of skilled crafts
the decrease in the age of first marriage
the movement from rural areas to cities
What was an important medical innovation of the late nineteenth century?
x-rays
the smallpox vaccine
CAT scans
the stethoscope
Which artistic style features impersonal depictions of characters compelled to behave in ways over which they have no control?
naturalism
romanticism
realism
impressionism
What was the Great Stink?
a stench coming from the polluted River Thames that nearly disrupted British government
the name given to the poorest neighborhood in Chicago
a nickname that city dwellers gave to peasants recently arrived from the countryside
a nickname for the Paris sewer system
What common disease of the period was caused by contaminated water?
cholera
tuberculosis
asthma
syphilis
What innovation made nineteenth-century cities cleaner?
electric streetcars
streetlights
outhouses
public water fountains
What were Selfridge’s, Le Bon Marché, and Matsuzakaya?
urban department stores
famous saloons
company towns built for miners
newspapers
Which artistic and literary movement glorified nature, common people, exotic places, and the historical past?
romanticism
modernism
naturalism
classicism
What was a common way in which contract laborers could fall into debt bondage?
buying goods at a store owned by the employer
renting a home in a nearby city
borrowing money from a friend
running away
What was the katorga system?
a form of penal servitude in which criminals were sent to labor camps in Siberia
a form of debt bondage used in Brazil
a British system of contracting for passage to another country in exchange for labor
the practice in French brothels of charging prostitutes for food and clothing so they always remained in debt
What was the primary reason contract laborers were taken to Hawaii?
grow sugarcane
build railroads
work in salt mines
fish for abalone
Which country pressured others to end the slave trade?
Britain
Canada
the United States
Germany
Other than criminals, what kinds of people often ended up in the Russian katorga?
political prisoners
debtors
alcoholics
unfaithful partners
What was a negative result of the abolition of Russian serfdom?
Domestic serfs received no land and no longer had a place to live.
Serfs were required to leave the farms on which they had always lived.
Serfs were no longer entitled to food and clothing from their employer.
Serfs were no longer protected from arrest by their employers when they committed crimes.
Why did Brazil attempt to attract European immigrants in the second half of the nineteenth century?
to make its population more White
to employ them in factories
to employ them in mines
to have them establish schools and universities
Immigrant laborers from which country were completely excluded from the United States in 1882?
China
Russia
Germany
Japan
What event caused many Chinese people to flee their country in the middle of the nineteenth century?
the Taiping Rebellion
dust storms in Manchuria
the fall of the Ming Dynasty
a typhoon that struck Kowloon Island
What kinds of immigrants did Australia try to exclude in the early twentieth century?
non-Europeans
Jewish people
Irish people
unskilled laborers
Jewish people fled the Russian empire in the late nineteenth century to escape poverty and _____.
anti-Semitic violence
epidemic disease
civil war
famine
Which city was rebuilt by Baron Haussmann in the second half of the nineteenth century?
Paris
Rome
London
Vienna
Which social movement was more successful in Protestant societies than in others?
temperance and prohibition
housing reform
anti-prostitution campaigns
health insurance advocacy
What was Britain’s Alkali Act intended to do?
alleviate air pollution
protect drinking water from contamination
ensure that processed foods were safe to eat
prevent cholera
Which country was the first to provide health insurance for workers?
Germany
the United States
France
Russia
Which of the following was an important difference between socialist parties in Europe?
Some advocated revolution and some a more gradual democratic approach.
Some parties accepted women and some did not.
Some believed the bourgeoisie should be executed and others did not.
Some supported workers’ rights and some did not.

The content of this course has been taken from the free World History, Volume 2: from 1400 textbook by Openstax

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