World History 1 269 - 17.2 From the Mamluks to Ming China

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Describe the system of slavery that existed within the Islamic world
  • Explain the unique political and social organization of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • Describe Ming dynasty China in the fifteenth century and its responses to foreign influences

In the thirteenth century, a new state came into existence in Egypt and the Levant. Although it grew out of the existing Ayyubid Sultanate, the Mamluk Sultanate was unique among world societies in that it was administered and defended by educated, elite, formerly enslaved men. The Mamluk state grew so powerful that it was able to fend off the advances of the Mongols. At the opposite end of Asia, the Mongols also found themselves displaced by the Han Chinese of the Ming dynasty.

The content of this course has been taken from the free World History, Volume 1: to 1500 textbook by Openstax