World History 1 183 - 11.4 Review Questions

What two empires were at war during much of Muhammad’s prophetic career?
the Byzantines and the Sasanians
the Mughal and the Sasanians
the Byzantines and the Aksumites
the Himyarites and the Holy Roman Empire
According to Muslim belief, which of the following statements is true?
Muslims worship the same God as Jewish people and Christians.
Muhammad was the first in a long line of monotheistic prophets.
Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad were the same person.
Islam is a polytheistic faith.
What is the holy scripture of Islam?
What united the members of Muhammad’s ummah?
the belief in one God, Muhammad’s leadership, and mutual defense
the use of the Arabic language and service to the Byzantine Empire
previous membership in the Jewish faith
residence in the city of Mecca
What state was defeated and assimilated into the early Islamic state?
Sasanian Persia
Han China
Aksumite Ethiopia
Byzantine Empire
In the earliest decades of Muslim rule, what was the most important differentiator of status?
Muslim versus non-Muslim
Arab versus Persian
conqueror versus conquered
Byzantine versus Roman
Who were the mawali in early Islamic society?
non-Arab converts to Islam
religious leaders of the young Muslim community
caravan traders traveling along the Silk Roads
the first dynasty of Islam
What were the Ridda Wars?
a conflict between Muslims and other Arab tribes that began the conquest of Arabia
the Arab-Muslim invasion of Sasanian Persia
the first Islamic civil war
an uprising of enslaved people against the Umayyad dynasty
Why did the Muslims create Baghdad as a new capital city?
The center of the Islamic world was shifting eastward after the Abbasid Revolution.
No other cities were hospitable to the Arabs, so they needed to build their own.
The Abbasids wanted to return the capital of their empire to Arabia.
The Byzantines recaptured the old capital city of Damascus.
Where was the province of Khurasan located?
Northeastern Persia
Western Arabia
Southeastern Persia
North Africa
What did the process of Islamization look like during the early Abbasid period?
Christians adopted the Arabic language and Islamic forms of dress while not necessarily converting to Islam.
The entire Indigenous population of the Middle East and North Africa converted to Islam.
People feared Muslims and the Muslim faith more generally.
Arab-Muslims refused to allow any non-Arabs to convert to Islam.
What was a defining feature of the earliest supporters of Ali, who became the Shia?
the elevation of the family of Muhammad through his son in-law Ali
the refusal to recognize Muhammad as an Islamic prophet
a belief in multiple gods that are subservient to the one God of Islam
the refusal to support the Abbasid family over the Umayyads in the Abbasid Revolution

The content of this course has been taken from the free World History, Volume 1: to 1500 textbook by Openstax