Lesson 9: The imperative forms of yemek and demek
The verbs yemek and demek change the e in their stem to an i when followed by a y:
|English||First form||Second form||Third form|
|Say hello.||Merhaba de.||Merhaba diyin.||Merhaba diyiniz.|
As a reminder, here are the functions of the three forms of the imperative again:
- The first form is used for addressing a single person informally
- The second form is used for addressing a single person politely or multiple people informally
- The third form is used for addressing a single persons in a very formal way or multiple people politely
While yemek can be both transitive and intransitive, demek is always transitive. What do those mean you say?
Transitivity is a linguistic term that is related to a verb's relation with objects. Some verbs take one object (e.g "I love you."), some take two (e.g "I told John1 to go2.", and some take none (e.g "I ran."). Verbs that do take an object (or two objects) are called transitive. Verbs that do not take objects are called intransitive.
|Eat pasta.||Makarna ye.|
|Eat fish.||Balık yiyin.|
|Eat an orange.||(Bir) portakal yiyiniz.|
|Say hello.||Merhaba de.|
|Say hello.||Merhaba diyin.|
|Say hello.||Merhaba diyiniz.|