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140. Sayesinde and yüzünden

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Lesson 140: Sayesinde and yüzünden

In Turkish we have two words, sayesinde and yüzünden that attribute causality (similar to 'due to', 'because of' but they are used in different circumstances. Sayesinde is used for giving credit to someone or something for a positive thing. Yüzünden on the other hand is mostly used for blaming, or attributing the cause of an event that turned out in a negative way. Let's see:

English Turkish
I passed my exam thanks to you! Senin sayende sınavımı geçtim!
I failed my exam because of you! Senin yüzünden sınavımdan kaldım!

Beneath you can see the way in which these verbs conjugate:

Saye Singular Plural
First person Benim sayemde Bizim sayemizde
Second person Senin sayende Sizin sayenizde
Third person Onun/Kamil/Arkadaşım sayesinde Onların/Onlar1 sayesinde
Yüzünden Singular Plural
First person Benim yüzümden Bizim yüzümüzden
Second person Senin yüzünden Sizin yüzünüzden
Third person Onun/Kamil/Arkadaşım yüzünden Onların/Onlar1 yüzünden

1 Note how third person plural can drop its genitive suffix, just as when we conjugate hakkında.

As you can see they conjugate fairly regularly. The critical point is to decide which one to use in a given sentence, and that depends on the context; if the situation has positive connotations, then you use sayende, if the situation has bad connotations you use yüzünden.

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