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Lesson 14: The plural forms of nouns and articles

Articles and nouns both have plural forms. See the table below for the plural forms of the articles.

Singular el la un una
Plural los las unos unas

If a noun ends in a vowel we add -s to make it plural.

el libro (the book) los libros (the books)
un libro (a book) unos libros (some books)

If a noun ends in a consonant we add -es to make it plural.

la ciudad (the city) las ciudades (the cities)
una ciudad (a city) unas ciudades (some cities)

There are actually some exceptions to the -es rule, but you will learn them in a later lesson.

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