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Lesson 216: Usages of the verb する


You've already learned that the verb する means to do, and that it can be used after many nouns to make verbs.

The verb する can also be used in other ways, one of which is to indicate the cost of an item.

This bag costs 10,000 yen.この かばん は いちまん えん します。
kono kaban ha itiman en simasu.

The verb する can also mean to wear, but only in relation to accessories.

(I) wear a necktie.ネクタイ を する。
nekutai wo suru.
(I)'m wearing a necklace.ネックレス を して いる。
nekkuresu wo site iru.

The verb する can also be used to report on sensations. Note that in this case we use the particle and not the particle .

This salad tastes like lemon.この サラダ は レモン の あじ が する。
kono sarada ha remon no azi ga suru.
Sentence from Tatoeba
(I) have an unpleasant feeling.いやな ち が する。
iyana kimoti ga suru.

The verb する can also be used to tell what work we do. We need to use the present continuous here to indicate that our profession is an ongoing state.

(I) am a cook.りょうにん を して いる。
ryourinin wo site iru.
(She) is a police officer.けいかん を して います。
keikan wo site imasu.

The verb する can also be used to indicate other features of persons or things than their professions. In this case we again need to use the present continuous.

(He) has cold eyes.つめたい  を して います。
tumetai me wo site imasu.
(She) has a cute face.わいい かお を して いる。
kawaii kao wo site iru.

As we've already learned before, する is also used in relation to games, sports and hobbies.

Let's play American football tomorrow.あし アメフト を しましょう。
asita amehuto wo simasyou.
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