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Lesson 10: This one and that one

We can use これ, それ and あれ to talk about things without naming them.

English Japanese
this (one) これ
kore
that (one) それ
sore
that (one) over there あれ
are

これ is used to refer to things close to the speaker. それ is used to refer to things close to the listener. あれ is used to refer to things that are neither close to the speaker nor to the listener.

English Japanese
This is a book. これはほんです。
kore ha hon desu.
That is a dog. それはいぬです。
sore ha inu desu.
That (over there) is a mountain. あれはやまです。
are ha yama desu.
This is a river. これはかわです。
kore ha kawa desu.
That is a cow. それはうしです。
sore ha usi desu.