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Japanese

Lesson 10: This one and that one

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We can use これ, それ and あれ to talk about things without naming them.

EnglishJapanese
this (one) pronounこれ
kore
that (one) pronounそれ
sore
that (one) over there pronounあれ
are

これ is used to refer to things close to the speaker. それ is used to refer to things close to the listener. あれ is used to refer to things that are neither close to the speaker nor to the listener.

EnglishJapanese
This is a book.これ は ほん です。
kore ha hon desu.
That is a dog.それ は いぬ です。
sore ha inu desu.
That (over there) is a mountain.あれ は やま です。
are ha yama desu.
This is a river.これ は かわ です。
kore ha kawa desu.
That is a cow.それ は うし です。
sore ha usi desu.
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