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Lesson 175: The subject particle が revisited

As mentioned earlier, the particle is used when the subject is a piece of new information. This causes the following two sentences to be different.

The rain is falling.As for the rain, it's falling あめっています。
ame ha hutte imasu.
It's raining. あめっています。
ame ga hutte imasu.

The rain is new information, so we use the particle が

In the first sentence, the rain is the topic, already known to the speaker and the listener. In the second sentence the rain is a new piece of information.

Then look at the sentences below. In the sentences using , the subject is not new information. In the sentences using , the subject is new information.

He finally did it. かれはついにしました。
kare ha tuini simasita.
It is he who did it. かれがしました。
kare ga simasita.
She is a teacher. かのじょせんせいです。
kanozyo ha sensei desu.
She is the teacher. かのじょせんせいです。
kanozyo ga sensei desu.

It's possible for the particle to appear in a sentence multiple times.

It is Yuko whose eyes are big. ゆこさんがおおきいです。
yuko san ga me ga ookii desu.
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