Home / Learn Japanese / 186. The Plain Form IV: The past tense

Learn Japanese
Lesson 186: The Plain Form IV: The past tense

The plain form of the past tense is called the た-form. To convert a verb to the た-form is the identical procedure you learned for the て-form, except that instead of using て/で as the final syllable, you use た/だ.

English Japanese
I went to Japan to study Japanese. ほんほんべんきょうしにった。
nihon he nihongo wo benkyousi ni itta.
I returned home after school finished. がっこうわってから、いえかえった。
gakkou ga owatte kara, ie ni kaetta.

To make a plain negative past sentence take the present tense negative and replace the ない ending with なかった.

English Japanese
I am sorry (but), I didn't know the answer. すみませんが、こたえをらなかった。
sumimasen ga, kotae wo siranakatta.
He didn't sing (my) favorite song. かれだいきなうたうたわなかった。
kare ha daisukina uta wo utawanakatta.
Question Answer