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Lesson 186: The Plain Form IV: The past tense

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The plain form of the past tense is called the た-form. To convert a verb to the た-form is the identical procedure you learned for the て-form, except that instead of using て/で as the final syllable, you use た/だ.

EnglishJapanese
I went to Japan to study Japanese.ほん  ほん を べんきょうし に った。
nihon he nihongo wo benkyousi ni itta.
I returned home after school finished.がっこう  わって から、 いえ  かえった。
gakkou ga owatte kara, ie ni kaetta.

To make a plain negative past sentence take the present tense negative and replace the ない ending with なかった.

EnglishJapanese
I am sorry (but), I didn't know the answer.すみません が、 こたえ を らなかった。
sumimasen ga, kotae wo siranakatta.
He didn't sing (my) favorite song.かれ は だいきな うた を うたわなかった。
kare ha daisukina uta wo utawanakatta.
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