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Japanese

Lesson 161: Linking adjectives together

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In previous lessons you learned how the て-form can be used to join verbs. The て-form can also be used for linking adjectives.

Conjugating adjectives to the て-form depends on whether the adjective is an い-adjective or a な-adjective. For い-adjectives, the final is replaced by くて. For example, 小さい becomes 小さくて. To connect two or more adjectives together, conjugate all but the last adjective next to the noun into the て-form.

EnglishJapanese
That country is small, hot, and beautiful.その くに は ちいさくて あつくて きれい です。
sono kuni ha tiisakute atukute kirei desu.
My watch is expensive and old.わたし の けい は たかくて ふるい です。
watasi no tokei ha takakute hurui desu.

For な-adjectives, is simply placed at the end of the word to make the て-form, so きれい becomes きれいで.

Check out the example sentences below to see this grammar point used in context.

She wanted a beautiful, red dress.かのじょ は きれいで あかい ドレス が ほしい でした。
kanozyo ha kireide akai doresu ga hosii desita.
She is lively and pretty.かのじょ は げんで きれい です。
kanozyo ha genkide kirei desu.

Linking nouns together can also be done by placing after a noun.

(He) is Japanese, and is a Japanese language teacher.ほんじんで、 ほん の せんせい です。
nihonzinde, nihongo no sensei desu.

Finally, note that ない is also an い-adjective.

It's not a deer, it's a zebra.シカ じゃ なくて、 シマウマ です。
sika zya nakute, simauma desu.
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