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Lesson 161: Linking adjectives together

In previous lessons you learned how the て-form can be used to join verbs. The て-form can also be used for linking adjectives.

Conjugating adjectives to the て-form depends on whether the adjective is an い-adjective or a な-adjective. For い-adjectives, the final is replaced by くて. For example, 小さい becomes 小さくて. To connect two or more adjectives together, conjugate all but the last adjective next to the noun into the て-form.

English Japanese
That country is small, hot, and beautiful. そのくにちいさくてあつくてきれいです。
sono kuni ha tiisakute atukute kirei desu.
My watch is expensive and old. わたしけいたかくてふるいです。
watasi no tokei ha takakute hurui desu.

For な-adjectives, is simply placed at the end of the word to make the て-form, so きれい becomes きれいで.

Check out the example sentences below to see this grammar point used in context.

She wanted a beautiful, red dress. かのじょはきれいであかいドレスがほしいでした。
kanozyo ha kireide akai doresu ga hosii desita.
She is lively and pretty. かのじょげんできれいです。
kanozyo ha genkide kirei desu.

Linking nouns together can also be done by placing after a noun.

(He) is Japanese, and is a Japanese language teacher. ほんじんで、ほんせんせいです。
nihonzinde, nihongo no sensei desu.

Finally, note that ない is also an い-adjective.

It's not a deer, it's a zebra. シカじゃなくて、シマウマです。
sika zya nakute, simauma desu.
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