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Japanese

Lesson 20: Here and there

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We can use ここ, そこ and あそこ to talk about locations without naming them.

EnglishJapanese
hereここ
koko
therenear the listenerそこ
soko
(over) thereあそこ
asoko
whereどこ
doko

ここ is used to refer to a location close to the speaker. そこ is used to refer to a location close to the listener. あそこ is used to refer to a location that is neither close to the speaker nor to the listener.

EnglishJapanese
Where am I?わたし は どこ です か?
watasi ha doko desu ka?
(I) am here.ここ です。
koko desu.
You are there.あなた は そこ です。
anata ha soko desu.
The ball is (over) there.たま は あそこ です。
tama ha asoko desu.
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