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Lesson 252: Giving advice: 方がいいです

To give advice to someone we can use the expression ほうがいいです, meaning had better or should do.

ほうがいいです is used at the end of the sentence, and it follows different tenses depending on whether the advice is in the affirmative or negative, i.e. had better or had better not.

When giving advice in the affirmative, ほうがいい follows a verb in the plain past tense.

It's nearly time. You should go. そろそろかんです。ったほうがいいです。
sorosoro zikan desu. itta hou ga ii desu.
You should get more sleep! もっとほうがいいですよ。
motto neta hou ga ii desu yo.
Have you caught a cold? You should take some medicine. いたんですか。くすりんだほうがいいです。
kaze wo hiita ndesu ka. kusuri wo nonda hou ga ii desu.

For advice in the negative, use the verb in the plain present tense.

It's raining. You shouldn't go. あめです。かないほうがいいです。
ame desu. ikanai hou ga ii desu.

ほうがいいです can also be written in hiragana rather than kanji as ほうがいいです, and in informal situations you can omit the final です.

You shouldn't miss work. ごとやすまないほうがいい。
sigoto wo yasumanai hou ga ii.
You should eat more salad. もっとサラダをべたほうがいい。
motto sarada wo tabeta hou ga ii.
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