Elon.io logoELON.IO

Japanese

Lesson 173: Dates

0%

Dates are written by placing the day counter にち after the day of the month you would like to specify. Unfortunately, the day counter has by far the most irregularities of any counter. The 1st to the 10th, the 14th, the 17th, the 20th, the 24th and the 27th are all irregular.

For regular dates, the date is simply the number followed by the day counter にち. For example, the 15th is じゅうにち and the 31st is さんじゅういちにち.

Note that the Xth day and X days are said in the same way in Japanese for all numbers other than one.

DateReading
day oneついたち
tuitati
one dayいちにち
itiniti
day two; two daysふつ
hutuka
day three; three daysみっ
mikka
day four; four daysよっ
yokka
day five; five daysいつ
ituka
day six; six daysむい
muika
day seven; seven daysなの
nanoka
day eight; eight daysよう
youka
day nine; nine daysここの
kokonoka
day ten; ten daysとお
tooka
day fourteen; fourteen daysじゅうよっ
zyuuyokka
day fifteen; fifteen daysじゅうにち
zyuugoniti
day seventeen; seventeen daysじゅうしちにち
zyuusitiniti
day twenty; twenty days
hatuka
day twenty-four; twenty-four daysじゅうよっ
nizyuuyokka
day thirty-one; thirty-one daysさんじゅういちにち
sanzyuuitiniti

The counter ねん can be used for counting years. Counting years is completely regular except when ねん is preceded by , in which case is pronounced as . Below you can see the ねん counter used in an example sentence.

(I) was born on March 21, 1984.いっせん きゅうひゃく はちじゅう ねん さんがつ じゅう いちにち に まれました。
issen kyuuhyaku hatizyuu yonen sangatu nizyuu itiniti ni umaremasita.
Practice this lesson