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Lesson 173: Dates

Dates are written by placing the day counter にち after the day of the month you would like to specify. Unfortunately, the day counter has by far the most irregularities of any counter. The 1st to the 10th, the 14th, the 17th, the 20th, the 24th and the 27th are all irregular.

For regular dates, the date is simply the number followed by the day counter にち. For example, the 15th is じゅうにち and the 31st is さんじゅういちにち.

Note that the Xth day and X days are said in the same way in Japanese for all numbers other than one.

Date Reading
day one ついたち
tuitati
one day いちにち
itiniti
day two; two days ふつ
hutuka
day three; three days みっ
mikka
day four; four days よっ
yokka
day five; five days いつ
ituka
day six; six days むい
muika
day seven; seven days なの
nanoka
day eight; eight days よう
youka
day nine; nine days ここの
kokonoka
day ten; ten days とお
tooka
day fourteen; fourteen days じゅうよっ
zyuuyokka
day fifteen; fifteen days じゅうにち
zyuugoniti
day seventeen; seventeen days じゅうしちにち
zyuusitiniti
day twenty; twenty days
hatuka
day twenty-four; twenty-four days じゅうよっ
nizyuuyokka
day thirty-one; thirty-one days さんじゅういちにち
sanzyuuitiniti

The counter ねん can be used for counting years. Counting years is completely regular except when ねん is preceded by , in which case is pronounced as . Below you can see the ねん counter used in an example sentence.

(I) was born on March 21, 1984. いっせんきゅうひゃくはちじゅうねんさんがつじゅういちにちまれました。
issen kyuuhyaku hatizyuu yonen sangatu nizyuu itiniti ni umaremasita.
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