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Lesson 221: Colors

In Japanese, the words for colors can be divided into two groups. All colors are nouns in their base form, but some can be turned into い-adjectives by attaching an at the end, and some can not. Below are some sentences containing color words that are い-adjectives.

The yellow cup is dirty. いろいカップはきたないです。
kiiroi kappu ha kitanai desu.
The black steam train is slow. くろしゃおそいです。
kuroi kisya ha osoi desu.
(He) has brown eyes. ちゃいろをしている。
tyairoi me wo site iru.

We can place these in front of nouns just as we can with any other い-adjective.

The color words below cannot be turned into い-adjectives however. We can make them adjectival by using the particle , just as we can with other nouns.

The green ashtray is heavy. みどりはいざらおもいです。
midori no haizara ha omoi desu.
(I) bought a gray suit. はいいろのスーツをった。
haiiro no suutu wo katta.
Pink roses are beautiful. ピンクのバラはうつくしい。
pinku no bara ha utukusii.

Sentence from Tatoeba
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