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Lesson 263: もう: Already

The word もう means already, although it can also mean no longer or soon.

When もう is used in a positive context, it means already.

The bus already left. バスはもうた。
basu ha mou deta.
It's already 10 o'clock. (You)'d better go soon. もうじゅうだ。そろそろったほうがいいです。
mou zyuuzi da. sorosoro itta hou ga ii desu.

In negative sentences, もう instead means no longer or anymore.

I don't want to go anymore. もうきたくない。
mou ikitaku nai.
The deadline is near. There's no longer any time left. りがちかいです。もうかんがありません。
simekiri ga tikai desu. mou zikan ga arimasen.

You may also hear もう used at the start of a sentence to express irritation.

I've had enough. もうたくさんです。
mou takusan desu.
Stop it already. もうやめて。
mou yamete.

See the below table for some further examples of these different uses of the word.

Did you already finish work? ごとはもうえましたか。
sigoto ha mou oemasita ka.
It's already beenbecome 4 years since I graduated from university. だいがくそつぎょうしてから、もうねんになった。
daigaku wo sotugyousite kara, mou yonen ni natta.
Skydiving was scary. I will never do it again. スカイダイビングはこわかったです。もうとやりません。
sukaidaibingu ha kowakatta desu. mou nidoto yarimasen.
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