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Lesson 256: まだ~ていません: have not ... yet

To say that you have not done something yet, you can use the structure まだ + て-form + いません. Note that this is まだ followed by the negative present continuous. This expresses the idea of have not … yet.

Compare the difference between these sentences:

I've eaten breakfast. あさはんたべました。
asagohan wo tabemasita.
I've already eaten breakfast. あさはんはもうべました。
asagohan ha mou tabemasita.
I didn't eat breakfast. あさはんたべませんでした。
asagohan wo tabemasen desita.
I haven't eaten breakfast yet. あさはんはまだべていません。
asagohan ha mada tabete imasen.

To make this last sentence, we use まだ, meaning yet, with a verb in the negative present continuous. It can either be formal, まだ + て-form + いません, or informal まだ + て-form + いない.

See the table below for some examples of have not ... yet in use:

The trainelectric hasn't come yet. でんしゃはまだていない。
densya ha mada kite inai.
He's not awake yet. かれはまだきていません。
kare ha mada okite imasen.
Please wait a minute. The teacher hasn’t arrived yet. ちょっとってください。せんせいはまだていません。
tyotto matte kudasai. sensei ha mada kite imasen.
A: Did you buy a ticket? B: I didn't buy one yet. 「チケットをいましたか。」「まだっていません。」
tiketto wo kaimasita ka. mada katte imasen.
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