Japanese 330 - Linking negative verbs with 〜なくて

You've already learned that you can link verbs by putting them in the て-form.

You can also link a negative verb with other verbs and clauses by putting them in the plain negative form, which ends in ない, and then replacing the final with なくて.

Just as with positive verbs, there is an implicit sense of succession with this pattern so that the actions are taken to occur in the order in which they are mentioned. Moreover, there's often a sense of cause and effect. That's why the pattern 〜なくて is also often translated using the word so.


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