German 13 - Dritter Teil: Aus dem Tagebuch des kleinen Mannes

QuestionAnswer
the book
noun
das Buch
the diarydaily journal
noun
das Tagebuch
I am unhappy.
sentence
Ich bin unglücklich.
horrible, horribly, terrible, terribly
adjectiveadverb
schrecklich
I am terribly unhappy.
sentence
Ich bin schrecklich unglücklich.
my
pronoun
mein
my life
phrase
mein Leben
My life is terribly boring.
sentence
Mein Leben ist schrecklich langweilig.
I get up in the morning.
sentence
Morgens stehe ich auf.
during the daya regular thing; usually during the day
adjectiveadverb
tagsüber
During the day I work.
sentence
Tagsüber arbeite ich.
in the evening
adverb
abends
In the evening I go to bed.
sentence
Abends gehe ich schlafen.
Every day the same.
sentence
Jeden Tag das Gleiche.
In the morning I eat bread with cheese.
sentence
Morgens esse ich Brot mit Käse.
at midday, at noon
adverb
mittags
At noon I eat in the canteen.
sentence
Mittags esse ich in der Kantine.
canteen food
noun
das Kantinenessen
always
immer
The canteen food is always the same.
sentence
Das Kantinenessen ist immer das Gleiche.
Did you notice how Kantine and Essen melted into one noun meaning the food of the canteen?
In the evening I eat cheese with bread.
sentence
Abends esse ich Käse mit Brot.
alone; lonely
adjectiveadverb
allein
I am alone.
sentence
Ich bin allein.
I am lonely.
sentence
Ich bin allein.
I am lonely, so terribly lonely.
sentence
Ich bin allein, so schrecklich allein.
no; not a
pronoun
kein

Singular (masculine/neuter): kein
Singular (feminine): keine
Plural: keine

There are declensions, but we will deal with that later. (If you must know...these are the forms for Nominative and Accusative. But you may, for the time being, use the austrich method and pretend you have never seen what is written inside these brackets...)

no man
phrase
kein Mann
masculine sg
no woman
phrase
keine Frau
feminine sg
no child
phrase
kein Kind
neuter sg
the children
phrase
die Kinder
Note how das changed to die when making das Kind plural.
no children
phrase
keine Kinder
plural
the family
noun
die Familie
I have no wife, no children, no family....
sentence
Ich habe keine Frau, keine Kinder, keine Familie...
why
adverb
warum
Why am I always alone?
adjectivesentence
Warum bin ich immer allein?
Everyday I am alone.
sentence
Jeden Tag bin ich allein.
I am getting up alone.
sentence
Ich stehe allein auf.
I eat breakfast alone.
sentence
Ich esse allein Frühstück.
I go to work alone.
sentence
Ich gehe allein zur Arbeit.

zu + der = zur

Did you recognize the Dativ?

Hint: die Arbeit is feminine

zu is a preposition followed by the Dative case.

I work alone.
sentence
Ich arbeite allein.
I eat alone in the canteen.
sentence
Ich esse allein in der Kantine.
I go home alone.
sentence
Ich gehe allein nachhause.
I eat supper alone.
sentence
Ich esse allein Abendbrot.
I go to bed alone.
sentence
Ich gehe allein schlafen.
I am always alone.
adjectivesentence
Ich bin immer allein.

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