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Indonesian (Pimsleur, Indonesian Way, Uni of Queensland)

Lesson 2: Indonesian Way

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office
kantor
on, at, in (time)
pada
definitely, sure to be, bound to (be...), must be (i.e. bound to be)
pasti
to stay (for one or more nights e.g. in a hotel or with a friend/relative), to sleep over
menginap (inap)
(adjective) state, government (owned)
negeri
shrimp crackers
kerupuk
reddish
kemerah-merahan
please, c'mon, let's, good bye
mari
to be such-and-such an age, to be so many years old
berumur
the whole family
sekeluarga
interesting, attractive
menarik (tarik)
agricultural enterprise
usaha tani
the contents of something
isi
mentally disturbed
sakit jiwa
(to) where
ke mana
someone's age, how old someone is
umur
quiet, lonely, deserted
sepi
strong
kuat
school student
siswa
medicine
obat
oh! ouch!
waduh
meat
daging
to be born
lahir
to really like, to enjoy, to love (doing something)
suka sekali
lake
danau
agriculture
pertanian
to catch a cold
masuk angin
dengue fever
demam berdarah
can, able to (not dapat)
bisa
If that's the case..., If that's how things stand...
kalau begitu
not allowed to, shouldn't, can't (i.e. not permitted to)
tidak boleh
mountain
gunung
plural marker for human beings
para
Indonesian tonic and herbal medicine
jamu
to itch
gatal
chicken
ayam
about, concerning, relating to
tentang
free time, spare time, leisure time
waktu senggang
forest
hutan
engine, machine
mesin
to carry something
menggendong (gendong)
to bleed
berdarah
question marker for 'yes/no' questions
apakah
a brother/sister, a sibling, a relative
saudara
whisky
wiski
just one or two, just a few, a couple
satu dua
washing machine
mesin cuci
abdomen, belly
perut
blood
darah
I, me (informal)
aku
male
laki-laki
last night
tadi malam
view, vista, scenery
pemandangan alam
middle-level
menengah (tengah)
someone's face, the front part of something
muka
cancer
kanker
soya bean biscuit, tempeh
tempe
female
perempuan
glass (i.e. a tumbler you drink from), a drinking glass
gelas
tourist
wisatawan
result, yield
hasil
an instruction
instruksi
poor thing
kasihan
to live (in a certain place), to stay
tinggal
to have
punya
night club
kelab malam
tourist (as an adjective)
pariwisata
goat
kambing
a package
bungkusan
a symptom
gejala
can (not bisa)
dapat
parents
orang tua
just a moment, wait a moment, hang on a sec
nanti dulu
nature. natural
alam
way
cara
packets of ...
bungkus
liver
hati
tofu, soya bean curd
tahu (noun)
a boyfriend / girlfriend
pacar
to believe
percaya
bureau
biro
physics
fisika
fever
demam
to be struck by something, to be adversely affected by
kena
tea
teh
grandmother
nenek
wine
anggur
coast, coastline, shore, beach
pantai
in nature, in character
bersifat
to have stomach problem
sakit perut
to be offended
sakit hati
will, going to (future marker)
akan
husband
suami
badminton
bulu tangkis
for example
misalnya
useful
berguna
the use of something
pemakaian (pakai)
to be treated
diobati
milk
susu
he, she, him, her
dia
tired
capai
agent, agency
agen
to garden
berkebun
a mouth ulcer
sariawan
an injury, an open wound
luka
to like
suka
wife
istri
all, all of them, everyone, everybody
semua
small hotel
losmen
water buffalo
kerbau
to have a headache
sakit kepala
to seek medical treatment
berobat
water, Also: fluid, juice
air
his, her, its
-nya
so ... after all, it turns out that ... after all
ternyata
more, -er (when comparing qualities to quantities)
lebih
skill
keterampilan
fat
gemuk
to be allowed
diizinkan
egg
telur
a child, a son/daughter
anak
Thursday
hari Kamis
more
lebih banyak
high school
Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA)
a leaf, leaves
daun
lately, recently
akhir-akhir ini
you (informal)
kamu
a younger brother or sister, someone's younger sibling
adik
Friday
hari Jumat
(informal) A slangy exclamation which, when it appears at the beginning of a phrase or sentence, expresses mild surprise and incredulity
lho
at that time
pada waktu itu
a root, roots
akar
to cough
batuk
want (to), wish (to) (ke)
kepingin
by the name of..., whose name is..., his/her/its name is...
namanya...
Saturday
hari Sabtu
what, which one
mana
together
bersama-sama
to go from place to place
berkeliling
to advice
menasihatkan (nasihatkan)
at, in, on
di
father
ayah
yesterday
kemarin
(informal) I don't believe you/it!, come off it!, you're kidding me!
masak!
various
berbagai
soap
sabun
to suggest
mengusulkan (usulkan)
fish, a fish
ikan
to work
bekerja
Sunday
hari Minggu
boring
membosankan (bosankan)
social science
ilmu pengetahuan sosial
cured, recovered
sembuh
advice
nasihat
coffee
kopi
family
keluarga
tomorrow
besok
modern
modern
natural science
ilmu pengetahuan alam
a sick person
orang sakit
to recommend
menyarankan (sarankan)
restaurant (rm)
rumah makan
grandfather
kakek
today
hari ini
the main thing is
pokoknya
uncle
paman
an idea/a thought
pikiran
so that
supaya
no, not (informal)
nggak
an older brother or sister, someone's older sibling
kakak
Wednesday
hari Rabu
opinion
pendapat
to say something
mengatakan (katakan)
entrance
pintu masuk
apparently
rupanya
cooked rice
nasi
to work, (informal/slangy)
kerja
when?
kapan
friendly
ramah
laboratory
laboratorium
production
produksi
wounded
terluka
banana
pisang
still (adverb)
masih
Monday
hari Senin
to be of the same age
seumur
the ____th (of number)
yang ke-
thin, skinny
kurus
throat
tenggorokan
bread, biscuit, cookie
roti
to say, (informal/slangy)
bilang
Tuesday
hari Selasa
to live in one house
serumah
Catholic
Katolik
to heal
mengobati (obati)
a cold, to have a cold
pilek
fried rice
nasi goreng
pretty, good-looking, 'spunky', 'hot', (informal/slangy)
cakep
a schedule
jadwal
to be of the same opinion
sependapat
degree, professional title, title of respect
gelar
at first
mula-mula
a pharmacy
apotek
super market
pasar swalayan
or [when you are stressing, an 'either/or' contrast], (informal/slangy)
apa (conjunction)
travel agent
agen perjalanan
to share one room
sekamar
agricultural economic
ekonomi pertanian
Mrs.
Nyonya
promise, appointment
janji
there, over there
di sana
not yet
belum
a flight
penerbangan
classmate
teman sekelas
aunt
bibi
a, one
suatu
to put something out
mengeluarkan (keluarkan)
durian fruit
durian
how, what is ... like?, (informal/slangy)
gimana
according to
menurut
(informal) fine, acceptable. nice, great
sip
expert
ahli
a tablet (i.e. a kind of pill)
tablet
to return
mengembalikan (kembalikan)
hotel
hotel
to get married
kawin
a ticket
tiket
strange, weird, puzzling
aneh
mechanical engineering
teknik mesin
hand, arm
tangan
a tongue
lidah
citrus fruit
jeruk
pretty, beautiful, (describing the appearance, of girls/women)
cantik
to read
membaca (baca)
true
benar
university graduate
sarjana
a neighbour
tetangga
essay, article
makalah
also
juga
money, 'dough', (informal/slangy)
duit
magazine
majalah
than
daripada
sociology
sosiologi
traditional
tradisional
to borrow something
meminjam (pinjam)
post office
kantor pos
that (informal/slangy demonstrative pronoun)
tuh
to wash
mencuci (cuci)
crude, oafish, impolite, rough to the touch
kasar
agricultural engineering
teknik pertanian
cosmetics
kosmetik
blackboard
papan tulis
potato
kentang
just, only
aja
to clean something
membersihkan (bersihkan)
by comparison with, than
ketimbang
(informal) to choose
milih (pilih)
to fall sick
jatuh sakit
patient (in health care)
pasien
shopping mall
mal
already
udah
to (when you are talking about something that is directed towards an individual or a group of people, not a place)
kepada
(informal)how come?, why?
kok
to chat, to talk about something (informal)
ngobrol
opening hours
jam buka
to borrow something
pinjam
chocolate, brown
coklat
money
uang
a broom (to sweep floor)
sapu
to be honest, to be quite frank, frankly speaking
terus terang
(informal) to help
nolong (tolong)
a work day
hari kerja
an order, a command, an instruction
perintah
but
tapi
friend
teman
what are (you) doing?, what is (he/she) doing?
sedang apa?
to agree
setuju
lawyer
pengacara (acara)
a photograph
foto
candy
permen
orange juice
air jeruk
famous
terkenal
newspaper
surat kabar
too (as in too much)
terlalu
easy
gampang
to be tried on
dicoba
what's wrong?
ada apa?
fried chicken
ayam goreng
with, together with, (informal/slangy)
ama
a letter (i.e. an item of correspondence)
surat
very, extremely
sangat
(informal) the thing is, because
soalnya
free, cost nothing
cuma-cuma
to pay attention to
memperhatikan (perhatikan)
or
atau
old
tua
to watch something (especially TV, a sports match, a performance, a movie, a spectacle)
menonton (tonton)
to be able to
sanggup
(informal) for
buat
in fact even
bahkan
to break a promise
mengingkar janji
beer
bir
parents (slangy abbreviation)
ortu
to listen to something
mendengarkan (dengarkan)
museum
museum
electrical engineering
teknik elektro
happy
bahagia
heavy
berat
cinema, movie theatre
bioskop
young
muda
novel
novel
to understand
mengerti
and then (informal)
terus (2)
a palace
istana
a tonic, a tonic drink, a health drink
tonikum
university
universitas
such-and-such a date
tanggal
to sweep
menyapu (sapu)
even more expensive
lebih mahal lagi
(informal) to think
mikir (pikir)
The Netherlands East Indies
Hindia Belanda
(particle) now ..., okay (let's move on to something else)
nah
fruit
buah
already
sudah
to write
menulis (tulis)
even more, even (adjective)-er
lebih banyak lagi
case
kasus
philosophy
filsafat
to get divorce
bercerai
bus terminal
terminal bus
to be alive, to live
hidup
plate, the dishes
piring
even further away
lebih jauh lagi
development studies
studi pembangunan
to be lowered
diturunkan
(short for 'kilogram') a kilogram, a kilometre
kilo
now
sekarang
to go/come along, to join in, to also do something with, others
ikut
to comb your hair
bersisir
clear
jelas
about (informal)
soal
to be visited
dikunjungi
the breath
napas
internet cafe
warung internet
so, therefore, thus
jadi
before (a certain time/event)
sebelum
careful, cautious
hati-hati
to have a problem
bermasalah
to be taken upwards
dinaikkan
to examine
memeriksa (periksa)
small streetside eatery
warung
information, data, a statement/declaration, (concerning the facts of a, matter)
keterangan
to buy something
membeli (beli)
really, truly, genuinely
betul-betul
a noble
bangsawan
to be seen, to be looked at
dilihat
an introduction
perkenalan
city transport
angkot
an address
alamat
to go and get something, to fetch something, to reach out and remove, to pick up something
mengambil (ambil)
weather
cuaca
star
bintang
to be recognised (as/by)
dikenal
busy
sibuk
administration
administrasi
a religion, religion (in general)
agama
to brush your teeth
menggosok gigi
complete
lengkap
has/have never
belum pernah
visible
kelihatan
an acquaintance
kenalan
book
buku
to help someone, to assist someone
bantu
then (after that)
kemudian
almost
hampir
prime minister
perdana menteri
to fall
jatuh
moustache
kumis
a bank, (i.e. a financial institution)
bank
to go to school, (i.e. to be enrolled at a school)
bersekolah
self, by oneself (without help from anyone), alone
sendiri
refined, well-spoken
halus
dancer
penari (tari)
a banyan tree
pohon beringin
a young unmarried woman, a virgin
gadis
behind, at the rear of, in back of
di belakang
again, further, extra, more, else
lagi
view, scene, panorama, (natural) scenery
pemandangan (pandang)
in addition to that, moreover, furthermore
di samping itu
has/have ever
sudah pernah
tour guide
pemandu wisata
a widow, a divorcee
janda
between, among
di antara
to pass away, (a polite way of saying, 'to die')
meninggal (tinggal)
to get ready, to make preparations, to prepare (for something)
bersiap-siap
just as good
tidak kalah
so far
sampai sekarang
war
perang
honest
jujur
city, town
kota
oh! ouch!, (an exclamation of pain, shock or surprise)
aduh!
to get dressed, to be dressed
berpakaian
polite
sopan
dare to do something
berani
is to be found at/in/among
terdapat
a post card
kartu pos
yes
ya
a signature
tanda tangan
news
berita
the parliament
parlemen
a staffer
petugas
an age, an era
zaman
bad, grim
buruk
the centre
pusat
how long have/has
sudah berapa lama
to get up (out of bed)
bangun
broken, out of order, not working, damaged
rusak
a manager
pengelola (kelola)
thousands
ribuan
jealous (of another man/woman)
cemburu
police station
kantor polisi
you, Mr, Mrs, Ms, (formal and egalitarian)
Saudara
week
minggu
sick, ill
sakit
alcoholic drinks
minuman keras
a, one
sebuah
to be wished, desired
diinginkan
immigration
imigrasi
excuse me
permisi
to happen, occur, transpire, take place
jadi (verb)
farmer
petani
a leader
pemimpin (pimpin)
ash, ashes
abu
a widower, a (male) divorcee
duda
street, road
jalan
a senior technical high, school
Sekolah Teknik Atas
stylish, trendy
keren
calm, tranquil
tenang
to be a speaker of a language
berbahasa
a flag
bendera
offended, hurt (by what someone has said)
tersinggung
where at
di mana
middle school
Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP)
to try to do something, to try something out, to try on (clothes)
mencoba (coba)
in a hurry
terburu-buru
to be successful, to have success, to succeed
berhasil
is called by the name ...
bernama
someone's face
wajah
beside, side-by-side (with), next to, in addition to
di samping
bedroom
kamar tidur
we (including the person or persons you are talking to)
kita
healthy
sehat
a coach
pelatih
historic
bersejarah
obedient (especially obedient to religious laws)
taat
near
di dekat
bathroom
kamar mandi
we (excluding the person or persons you are talking to)
kami
to be scared, to be afraid
takut
a worker
pekerja
to shout, to yell
berteriak
open, open-minded
terbuka
library
perpustakaan
roof
atap
to arrive in/at (a place), to reach (a destination)
sampai di + name of places
the air
udara
a cigarette
rokok
to be replaced
diganti
civil (i.e. not military)
sipil
national
nasional
fence
pagar
...ago, last...
yang lalu
safe, secure
aman
to be used to
sudah biasa
a shopping centre
pusat perbelanjaan
tribe, ethnic group
suku
in front of
di depan
sitting room, lounge room
ruang keluarga
to wish (to...), to want (to...)
ingin
kind, understanding
baik hati
a writer, an author
penulis (tulis)
the entire, the whole
seluruh
loyal, faithful
setia
police, police officer
polisi
door, entrance
pintu
(informal) to go to the movies, to watch something (especially TV, a sports match, a parade etc.)
nonton (tonton)
dangerous
berbahaya
a seller
penjual (jual)
the atmosphere (of a place)
suasana
a quality, a characteristic, a feature
sifat
campus
kampus
reception area (in a house)
ruang tamu
electronic
elektronik
animal
binatang
not yet used to
belum biasa
a place to eat, food court
tempat makan
a state-owned corporation
Badan Usaha Milik Negara
the government
pemerintah
dining room
ruang makan
after (informal)
habis (informal for 'sesudah')
bored, sick of something
bosan
a singer
penyanyi
millions
berjuta-juta
a partner
pasangan
nearby, close by
dekat
part
bagian
device, tool, implement
alat
(medical) doctor, physician
dokter
experience
pengalaman
a peak
puncak
round
bulat
to know (coll)
tau
guest, visitor, customer (i.e. someone, who comes into a shop)
tamu
a shirt, a dress, an upper-body garment, (also loosely: clothes)
baju
entertainment
hiburan
teak
kayu jati
to feel/be sure (that)
yakin
to be responsible
bertanggung jawab
there is, there are, to be present, to be in, to be at home
ada
toilet, rest room
kamar kecil
to sit around (in a casual or leisurely way)
duduk-duduk
to damage, destroy break something
merusak (rusak)
a teacher
pengajar (ajar)
neck tie
dasi
to love someone
sayang
your (informal)
-mu
front (when you are talking, about the front part of, something)
depan
in former times, a long time ago, used to (i.e. regularly happened in former times)
dulu (2)
to catch
menangkap (tangkap)
a dealer/merchant
pedagang
a coat
jaket
spendthrift, extravagant (in spending money)
royal
my (informal)
-ku
storeroom, warehouse
gudang
(informal) to make (something)
bikin
easy
mudah
tractor
traktor
shorts
celana pendek
neat, not messy, carefully done/made
rapi
to know
tahu (verb)
yard, (i.e. a fenced/walled area, adjacent to a house/building)
halaman
to make (something)
membuat (buat)
poor
miskin
an application
surat lamaran
medium (of size)
sedang (size)
self-confident
percaya diri
that, those
itu
for, (i.e. intended for someone, or something), (in order) to
untuk
Dutch
bahasa Belanda
crime
kejahatan
a chick, a young woman
cewek
arm, sleeve
lengan
retired
pensiun
leg, foot
kaki
a toilet (room), a toilet bowl, a WC
WC
to be in power, to be the dominant force
berkuasa
don't forget
jangan lupa
twice
dua kali
a hat
topi
someone's appearance, the way someone presents themselves
penampilan (tampil)
must, have to
harus
tree
pohon
a boarding house
rumah kos
environment
lingkungan
to tell
bercerita
a t-shirt
kaus
a shy person
pemalu (malu)
to come
datang
kitchen
dapur
very early in the morning
pagi-pagi
an open field
ladang
to replace, to change
ganti
pants
celana
a state-owned corporation (abbreviation)
BUMN (Badan Usaha Milik Negara)
(from) there
dari sana
window
jendela
(informal) to snore
ngorok
criminal
penjahat (jahat)
a biography
riwayat hidup
made in
buatan
someone's gaze, an opinion/view about something
pandangan
horse cart
dokar
to take a bath/shower
mandi
why?
mengapa?
work, job, employment
pekerjaan
to fit, instal, set/put something in a place
memasang (pasang)
blouse
blus
disappointing
mengecewakan (kecewakan)
here
di sini
to go shopping, to do the shopping
berbelanja
to give something
memberikan (berikan)
an orang-outang
orang utan
at least
paling tidak
size, measurement
ukuran
late (i.e. not on time)
terlambat
a three-wheeled taxicab
bemo
to play
bermain
why?
kenapa?
preferably, it would be good if..., it would be better to..., should
sebaiknya
a receptionist
resepsionis
sweater
baju hangat
to cry
menangis (tangis)
a three-wheeled pedicab
becak
vegetables, a variety of vegetables, all sorts of vegetables
sayur-sayuran
land lady
ibu kos
better, it would be better if/to..., should
lebih baik
experienced
berpengalaman
underpants
celana dalam
permission, a permit to ask for permission
izin
bus
bus
wages, salary
gaji
a subject (of study at a university), a course, a unit of study
mata kuliah
don't
jangan
to sing
nyanyi
laundry
cucian
to report something to someone
melaporkan (laporkan)
to go, to move forward, to walk
berjalan
very concerned (about, something)
prihatin
all sorts (of), all kinds (of), various kinds of
macam-macam
ape
kera
to say talk, chat
ngomong
handkerchiefs
sapu tangan
disappointed
kecewa
taxi
taksi
to chat
bercakap-cakap
..., right? ...have you? ...do you? ...does he/she? ...okay? (seeking confirmation or approval)
ya?
employee, staff, worker
karyawan
a figure, digits
angka
a pajama
baju tidur
lazy
malas
motorbike
sepeda motor
in the process of...
sedang
an act of parliament, law(s) of the land
undang-undang
handicrafts
kerajinan tangan
to be willing
bersedia
a shirt
kemeja
drunk, sea-sick
mabuk
bicycle
sepeda
to sleep, to go to bed
tidur
because
karena
wood
kayu
a card
kartu
a skirt
rok
to leave a person or a places
meninggalkan (tinggalkan)
off you go
sana
computer
komputer
law, the law (as a body of regulations or an area of study)
hukum
airport
bandar udara
a component
komponen
a helmet
helm
to decide
memutuskan (putuskan)
to go
pergi
rich
kaya
this afternoon (spoken later in the day)
tadi siang
the real thing, genuine, not imitation
asli
interview
wawancara
to remember
ingat
sex (general subject of sex)
seks
aeroplane
pesawat terbang
he, she
ia
this morning (spoken later in the day)
tadi pagi
volcano
gunung api
it's up to you
terserah
too late, overdue
telat
a problem
persoalan
ship
kapal
they, their
mereka
(informal) in the morning
kalo pagi
region
daerah
attention
perhatian
driver's license (acronym)
SIM
emotions, feelings
perasaan
I heard that..., they say..., people say that...
katanya
to help someone, to assist
membantu (bantu)
philosopher
ahli filsafat
Balinese Hindu temple
pura
to drive
mengendarai (kendarai)
motor vehicle registration certificate
Surat Tanda Nomor Kendaraan
a thief
pencuri (curi)
(to) there
ke sana
to do the cooking, to cook (something)
masak
to sell
menjual (jual)
community, society, public, people of a certain place
masyarakat
to apply for (a job), to formally ask for a woman's hand in marriage
melamar
while (at the same time)
sementara
to fire someone (from a job)
memecat (pecat)
(to) here
ke sini
indeed, yes I agree, that's absolutely right
memang
to become, to be
menjadi (jadi)
everything, all the components or items
segala-galanya
an advertisement
iklan
each and everything, the whole kit and kaboodle
segala
to be unemployed, to be doing nothing
menganggur (anggur)
to go back, to come back, you're welcome, (in reply to 'thank you')
kembali
the price of something
harga
to lose (a contest/fight etc.), to be defeated
kalah
the cost, the rate
tarif
office head
kepala kantor
to get ready
siap-siap
to know something, to find out about something
mengetahui (ketahui)
train
kereta api
flower pot
pot bunga
million
juta
direct, directly
langsung
on condition that
asal
you
kau
an advisor, a counsellor
penasihat (nasihat)
car
mobil
flower, the interest rate
bunga
special, exceptional, out of the ordinary
istimewa
art, fine art
kesenian
respect
hormat
derived from bukan to show a knowledge or understanding shared by speaker and listener
kan
forced to do something
terpaksa
by (when talking about a mode of transport), to get aboard, to go upwards, to ascend
naik
household
rumah tangga
guitar
gitar
ceremony
upacara
by, through
melalui
suit jacket
jas
to appear to be, to seem
tampak
beautiful (of art works, scenery, items)
indah
what are you looking for?
cari apa?
to win
menang
located, sited
terletak
to forget
lupa
to give it a good long thought
diingat-ingat
apart from, in addition to
selain
delicious
enak
to look for
mencari (cari)
to repair something, to fix something broken
memperbaiki (perbaiki)
the cost of a service, the charge of a service, the fare
ongkos
an eye
mata
formal
resmi
still, permanent
tetap
fast, quick
cepat
bottle
botol
a song, a tune, a piece of music
lagu
traditional house
rumah adat
a community health centre
Puskesmas
driver's license
Surat Izin Mengemudi
an act, a deed
perbuatan
all kind of fruits
buah-buahan
radio
radio
less..., not quite..., don't/doesn't really..., isn't/aren't really...
kurang +adjective
where (as a relative pronoun)
tempat (relative pronoun)
a committee
panitia
lacking
kurang
embarrassed, shy
malu
big
besar
bookcase, bookshelf
rak buku
philosopher
filsuf
foreigner
orang asing
a horse
kuda
in order to
agar
a man
pria
clean
bersih
how much is the price of...?
berapa harga ____ ?
a seed, seed, a berry, a pip beans (e.g. coffee beans), the stone (in stone fruit)
biji
to hold, to have (a meeting/gathering/event)
mengadakan (adakan)
to serve someone, to attend to (customers)
melayani
motor vehicle registration certificate (acronym)
STNK
marriage
perkawinan
new
baru
television set, television
televisi
volley ball
bola voli
made from
terbuat dari
a midwife
bidan
have forgotten
kelupaan
to be in contact with, to have a connection with
berhubungan
excellent, impressive, great, terrific, really good
bagus
bed
tempat tidur
some (noun)
ada yang, ada ____ yang
pirate
bajak laut
a grandson/a granddaughter
cucu
it seems to me
rasanya
to be going steady, to be boyfriend and girlfriend
berpacaran
full
penuh
costs
harganya
the other one
yang lain
that
bahwa
to be compared
dibandingkan
fashion show
peragaan busana
is, are, to be
ialah
drink
minuman
clock, watch, hour, hours, o'clock
jam
not very..., not especially, not particularly...
tidak begitu
west, western, the West
barat
a vetinary doctor, a vet
dokter hewan
a mostly transparent traditional women blouse
kebaya
a way out, a solution
jalan keluar
cheap
murah
desk, writing table
meja tulis
the (adjective) one
yang + (adjective)
help, assistance
bantuan
to have a heart disease
sakit jantung
a sarong
sarung
although
walaupun
sweet
manis
dining table
meja makan
clever, intelligent, smart
pintar
rhinoceros
badak
hobby
hobi
a head cloth
ikat kepala
someone's attitude
sikap
empty, vacant, zero, naught
kosong
easy chair, armchair
kursi malas
absolutely, at all, completely, totally (in negative expressions)
sama sekali
for
atas (2)
a diploma
ijazah
a piece of cloth, textile, garment
kain
to consider as
menganggap (anggap)
dirty
kotor
chair
kursi
to be good at (doing something), clever, intelligent, smart
pandai
noise
bunyi
glasses
kaca mata
hijab, headscarf
jilbab
a cover
penutup (tutup)
corn
jagung
stove, (including the small, benchtop stove)
kompor
once, ever, at some time in the past
pernah
at a loss what to do, worried and undecided, undecided who/what to believe, confused
bingung
to be short of
kekurangan
to fit
pas
quiet (of a person)
pendiam (diam)
small
kecil
(long) lounge chair, sofa
kursi panjang
to trade, to earn a living buying & selling, to deal in such-&-such a commodity
berdagang
passenger
penumpang (tumpang)
a beauty salon
salon kecantikan
wide, broad, width
lebar
stingy
pelit
crowded, full of people, bustling, noisy
ramai
cupboard
lemari
to think, to ponder, to ruminate
berpikir
because of this/that, for this reason, that is why...
oleh karena itu
Bachelor of Arts
sarjana muda
to sew
menjahit (jahit)
to tell someone
memberitahu (beritahu)
pleasant, nice, enjoyable
menyenangkan (senang)
a lamp
lampu
to sing
menyanyi (nyanyi)
let's hope that, I hope that
mudah-mudahan
a horror movie/film
film horor
to be wrapped
dibungkus
to try, to make an effort
mengusahakan (usahakan)
expensive
mahal
wardrobe
lemari pakaian
to sing (a certain song)
menyanyikan (nyanyikan)
to hear
mendengar (dengar)
a disease
penyakit
it seems as if
kelihatannya
to try (imperative)
cobalah
food
makanan
fridge, refrigerator
lemari es
time
waktu
to come/go down, to descend, to get out (of a vehicle), to disembark
turun
practical
praktis
grey
abu-abu
indifferent
cuek
how, what is .... like?
bagaimana
coloured ___, ___ in colour
berwarna
never (the opposite of 'always')
tidak pernah
south, southern
selatan
to hang, be suspended
tergantung
to think
berpendapat
lavish
boros
quite, pretty (adverb), enough
cukup
blue
biru
that's enough, that will do
sudah cukup
strait
selat
a thesis
skripsi
to be borrowed
dipinjam
talkative
cerewet
to study
belajar
colour
warna
alone, on your own (i.e. without a companion)
sendirian
tiger
harimau
a section
seksi
to be cut off
dipotong
suspicious
curiga
very
sekali
the end (of an object, i.e. the furthermost, extremity of something)
ujung
for (a certain period of time)
selama
vanished, disappeared, gone, lost
hilang
to depend on
tergantung pada
to hold on to something
memegang (pegang)
sinful, wicked, evil, nasty
jahat
bitter, without sugar(tea, coffee)
pahit
please (help me)
tolong
history
sejarah
to the left and right of, on both sides of, all around
di kanan-kiri
thick
tebal
to throw away
membuang (buang)
culture
budaya
less, not so much, minus (in mathematical calculations)
kurang (mathematics)
a short time, a moment
sebentar
always
selalu
elephant
gajah
the head of a sub-district
camat
to iron
menyeterika (seterika)
to be colonised
dijajah
slow
lambat
white, colourless
putih
to use something, to wear something
memakai (pakai)
overseas, abroad
di luar negeri
recently
baru-baru ini
surprising
mengherankan (heran)
a move
gerakan
country
negara
important
penting
to keep (as a pet, domestic animal or farm animal)
memelihara (pelihara)
to die, dead
mati
a sub-district
kecamatan
immediately, promptly
segera
Eurasian
Indo
spicy hot
pedas
red
merah
to wait, to wait for (someone / something), to await
menunggu (tunggu)
capital city
ibu kota
a grave, a tomb
makam
a suit
pakaian setelan
country bumpkin, hillbilly
kampungan
that, which, who (relative pronoun)
yang
the sky
langit
to ask for assistance/help
minta tolong
eruption
letusan
the edge
tepi
to practice
berlatih
progress
kemajuan
usually
biasanya
then, after that, Then? Then what?, What happened then?
lalu
to teach (someone / students / pupils / a subject), to do teaching
mengajar (ajar)
to erupt
meletus (letus)
north east
timur laut
undergarment worn by women to support their breasts
BH
a decision
keputusan
hot
panas
yellow
kuning
to help someone (especially someone in difficulty)
menolong (tolong)
to murder someone
membunuh (bunuh)
climate
iklim
lecture notes
catatan kuliah
an impression
kesan
ugly, bad, poor (quality)
jelek
an interior wall, a dividing, wall (in a house)
dinding
cheeks
pipi
seat
tempat duduk
south west
barat daya
a cheque
cek
a literary critic
kritikus
person, man/woman
orang
to speak
berbicara
while (one person performing two actions at the same time)
sambil
international
internasional
south east
tenggara
detergent
deterjen
pointed (of nose)
mancung
not, no (when negating a noun)
bukan
Hello
Halo
lobby
lobi
business, commerce
bisnis
north, northern
utara
to be thrown away
dibuang
to have a nose
berhidung
cold
dingin
green
hijau
caviar
kaviar
how many times?
berapa kali?
a region, an area
kawasan
to be sewn
dijahit
to conduct an interview with someone
mewawancarai (wawancarai)
kebabs, satay (meat roasted on skewers)
satai
under, underneath, at the foot of
di bawah
happy, enjoying yourself, to like something, to like doing something
senang
composition
komposisi
a fly over
jalan layang
to be held
dipegang
to love someone
mencintai (cintai)
to 'treat' someone, to 'shout' someone, to pay for someone
traktir
above, over, on top of
di atas
chamapgne
sampanye
package
paket
a hero
pahlawan
a credit card
kartu kredit
flat (of nose)
pesek
rambutan fruit)
rambutan
a mobile phone, a hand phone
HP
a woman, a lady
wanita
popular
populer
monument
monumen
to be ironed
diseterika
the monetary value of something, a value, a norm, norms
nilai
question
pertanyaan
a cylindrical pillow, a bolster
guling
private (i.e. not state-owned)
swasta
as
sebagai
the points of the compass
mata angin
an expression like the English 'Damn!'
sialan
a dance
tari
with, together with
dengan
black, dark coloured
hitam
cooking, cuisine, cooked food
masakan
traffic lane
jalur
rather
agak
a box
kotak
a few, a small number of
sebagian kecil
fried
goreng
right, (the opposite of left)
kanan
to kiss someone, to smell, to sniff something
mencium (cium)
interested (in)
tertarik
east, eastern
timur
to dry something in the sun
menjemur (jemur)
to sign something
menandatangani (tandatangani)
oh! (exclamation of surprise, admiration etc.)
wah
left, (the opposite of right)
kiri
to pay
membayar (bayar)
in particular, especially
khususnya
north west
barat laut
paper
kertas
to pick up someone (e.g. on arrival at a destination)
menjemput (jemput)
to ask for something, to request
minta
drinking water
air putih
to choose
memilih (pilih)
economy class
kelas ekonomi
windy
berangin
a bucket
ember
fluent
lancar
answer
jawaban
coconut juice, (for drinking)
air kelapa
including, among them
di antaranya
to fly
terbang
humid
lembab
turn on/switch on (a light or engine)
menghidupkan (hidupkan)
to look at, to gaze at
memandang (pandang)
the same, with, together with (in informal usage), and
sama
broad, extensive, big (in area)
luas
detective
detektif
a pencil
pensil
that's all
sekian
to wrap something
membungkus (bungkus)
secretly
diam-diam
good, fine, very well
baik
mango
mangga
by (i.e. done/made/written by)
oleh
a feeling, a sense, a sensation of something
rasa
a prediction
ramalan
to put something into
memasukkan (masukkan)
a form (blank)
formulir
Would you like (something)?, Would you like to (do something)?, Do you want to...?
apakah Anda mau...?
outside
di luar
at the time when
pada waktu
to store something away, to save/deposit money
menyimpan (simpan)
weather forecast
prakiraan cuaca
low
rendah
proud
bangga
may, can. In reply to a question: Sure! No problem! Great!
boleh
bird
burung
luxurious
mewah
to shut something, to close something
menutup (tutup)
winter
musim dingin
to be aware, to be conscious
sadar
to point repeatedly
menunjuk-nunjuk (tunjuk)
to go for a stroll, to travel
berjalan-jalan
to put a question, to ask a question
bertanya
how long
berapa lama
to fry something
menggoreng (goreng)
viewers
pemirsa
a pocket
saku
a dream, to dream
mimpi
Indonesian (language)
bahasa Indonesia
dog
anjing
rose
mawar
to arrange something, to regulate something
mengatur (atur)
a season
musim
love (romantic love)
cinta
a tourist
turis
what about (doing something), what if
bagaimana kalau...
on the left, on the lefthand side (of)
di sebelah kiri
finally, in the end, eventually, lastly
akhirnya
sad, to feel sadness
sedih
this is ...
inilah
to be upset by
diganggu
no longer have the strength to carry on, unable to bear it any longer
tidak kuat
okay, fine, very well
baiklah
garage
garasi
high school, secondary school
sekolah menengah
to take/accompany someone somewhere, to deliver something or someone to a certain place
mengantar (antar)
dry
kering
glass, mirror
kaca
successsful
sukses
language
bahasa
in the middle, in the very middle of
di tengah-tengah
to be shut/closed (for a holiday etc.), to have time off (from work/school etc.)
libur
to ask someone for something (respectfully)
mohon
a degree of temperature
derajat
a boss
majikan
for the length of, during
sepanjang
in a short while, later
nanti
a household servant
pembantu (bantu)
(the Javanese term for) the period of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting month
Lebaran
to count something
menghitung (hitung)
rain
hujan
to add to something
menambah (tambah)
as if
seolah-olah
that's fine, no problem, no worries
tidak apa-apa
tall, high
tinggi
to fast, to abstain from food and drink
berpuasa
to have one thing replaced with another, to change
berganti
cloudy
berawan
something
sesuatu
satisfied
puas
if
kalau
on the right, on the righthand side (of)
di sebelah kanan
to greet each other (usually by shaking hands)
bersalaman
to feel (an emotion), to feel that...
merasa (rasa)
celsius, centigrade
celsius
a comb
sisir
an air hostess
pramugari
to go out, to come out, to emerge, to exit
keluar
Oh, before I forget...
o ya
to break your fast, to have a meal in the evening after a day of fasting
berbuka puasa
a verb
kata kerja
summer
musim panas
to say (that)
berkata
tears
air mata
the first
pertama
to have something, to own something
mempunyai (punyai)
to assemble, to gather, to come together
berkumpul
to hit someone/something, to strike
memukul (pukul)
temperature
suhu
luckily
untung
well, the thing is
habis (informal for karena)
university president, vice-chancellor
rektor
teacher
guru
the fasting month
bulan puasa
a pen
pena
clear, bright
terang
to separate
memisahkan (pisahkan)
the lips
bibir
university student
mahasiswa
coconut
kelapa
furniture
perabot
to change, to evolve, to be different from before
berubah
the dry season
musim kemarau
without
tanpa
to translate something
menerjemahkan (terjemahkan)
mathematics
matematika
a word, ... said so-and-so (in a, narrative)
kata
to thank God
bersyukur
to fill something
mengisi (isi)
the rainy season
musim hujan
surprised
terkejut
to lift up, raise
mengangkat (angkat)
continue, go ahead, to keep on ___-ing, to continue to...
terus
answer, ... answered so-and-so (in a, narrative)
jawab
the next day, the following day
besoknya
to receive something, to accept something
menerima (terima)
that one
yang itu
actually, as a matter of fact
sebenarnya
to waste time
membuang waktu
book shop
toko buku
first (before doing anything, else)
dulu (1)
to apologise, to ask for forgiveness
mohon maaf
to get married
menikah (nikah)
this one
yang ini
so that
sehingga
an analysis
analisa
literature
sastra
to meet
bertemu
to make a visit back to your home village in the countryside, to go upstream
mudik
to send something
mengirim (kirim)
which one?
yang mana
thus
demikian
the result of one's work
hasil kerja
the study (of something), studies (in a certain field
studi
to stand, to stand up
berdiri
a prayer (especially a personal, meditative prayer)
doa
to change, to alter
mengubah (ubah)
the one over there
yang di sana
difference
perbedaan
startled, surprised, amazed
heran
father
bapak
come on (let's...)
ayo
dark, not well lit
gelap
rice (as it grows in a paddy field or dry field), a rice plant
padi
oil
minyak
to smile
tersenyum
stiff, unbending force
kaku
bakery
toko roti
suddenly
tiba-tiba
to take, to bring, to carry (something somewhere)
membawa (bawa)
to cut something, to cut something off
memotong (potong)
a story, to tell
cerita
to show something
menunjukkan (tunjukkan)
beauty
kecantikan
a turn, to make a turn
belok
(you) don't need to, don't bother
tidak usah
to lead
memimpin (pimpin)
to plant something, to grow something e.g. a crop
menanam (tanam)
the most
paling
to negotiate something, to bargain
tawar-menawar
being exasperated, irritated, annoyed, disgusted, fed up, cross
kesal
a dormitory
asrama
around, all around
sekeliling
to say something, to utter something, to pronounce (a sound)
mengucapkan (ucapkan)
a dictionary
kamus
the moderator
moderator
the lowest possible price
harga mati
a mistake, an error
kesalahan
Chinese (the language)
bahasa Cina
like (i.e. resembling)
seperti
to apologise, to ask for forgiveness
minta maaf
a dentist
dokter gigi
short
pendek
a fixed price
harga pas
small and narrow, chinky of eyes
sipit
English (the language)
bahasa Inggris
just now, earlier (today)
tadi
God is great
Allahu Akbar
an accountant
akuntan
long (of things or distance)
panjang
some other time
lain kali
to comb (e.g. your hair)
menyisir (sisir)
on the other side
di seberang
ask, ... asked so-and-so (in a, narrative)
tanya
a gift/present brought back for family or a friend after a trip somewhere
oleh-oleh
a player
pemain (main)
funny
lucu
no, not (informal)
ndak
to deal with
berurusan
university lecturer, professor
dosen
character, (in a play, story)
peraga
everywhere
di mana-mana
a businessman, a businesswoman, an entrepreneur
pengusaha (usaha)
quiz
kuis
so, like this, this way
begini
a doll
boneka
a lecture (in a university course
kuliah
to summon someone, to call out to someone
memanggil (panggil)
outwardly and inwardly
lahir dan batin
conscientious, industrious, hard-working, disciplined, diligent
rajin
to answer
menjawab (jawab)
to be reduced
dikurangi
complication
komplikasi
the second
kedua
stage, raised platform
panggung
lumps of rice boiled in packets made from woven leaves (a special food eaten at Idul Fitri)
ketupat
actually, to be honest, as a matter of fact
sebetulnya
to go forward
maju
to consider about something
pikir-pikir
weak
lemah
information
informasi
clothes, clothing
pakaian
hungry
lapar
shoes
sepatu
to compete
bertanding
bargaining
tawar
desire, wish
keinginan
political science
ilmu politik
possibly, maybe, perhaps, possible, may
mungkin
floor
lantai
a secretary
sekretaris
stupid
bodoh
to offer something to someone
menawarkan (tawarkan)
commodity
komoditi
chemistry
ilmu kimia
to open something
membuka (buka)
thirsty
haus
a driver
sopir
patient, tolerant
sabar
a voice, a sound
suara
to be repeated
diulang
economics
ilmu ekonomi
to see something/someone, to look at
melihat (lihat)
a feast day, a big religious holiday
hari raya
a soldier, the army, the armed forces
tentara
a square
persegi
a roof tile, tiles (for a roof)
genteng
an implant
implan
geography
ilmu bumi
the outside, the exterior
luar
times, a time
kali
to answer the phone, to take a phone call
terima telepon
simple
sederhana
corrugated iron
seng
to be traded
diperjualbelikan
science, esoteric knowledge
ilmu
to run, to run away, to escape
lari
very learned and pious Muslim
ulama
the things you have to do (as part of a job), a task, duties, obligations
tugas
welcome
selamat datang
form, shape
bentuk
to be refused, rejected, turned down
ditolak
a faculty
fakultas
village head
kepala desa
place of work
tempat kerja
a carpenter
tukang kayu
middle
tengah
a verandah
beranda
a lipstick
lipstik
you, to address elder male
Bapak
office worker, employee
pegawai
to make the pilgrimage to Mecca
naik haji
a journalist, a reporter
wartawan
a team
tim
one traditional style of Javanese roof
joglo
a human being
manusia
Europe
Eropa
to take one's leave of, to ask permission to leave
minta diri
each, every
setiap
an electrician
tukang listrik
to be given something
diberikan
to make a contact with someone
menghubungi (hubungi)
silicone
silikon
a lot (of), many, much
banyak
to depart, to set off (to go somewhere) to leave (on a trip)
berangkat
the festival of Ied, the (usually two) days of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting month
Idul Fitri
an engineer
insinyur
to be given to someone, to have something attached on
diberi
prestigious
bergengsi
to value, respect
menghargai (hargai)
a place, room (i.e. space to put something)
tempat
to visit (a place)
berkunjung (ke)
to eat a pre-dawn meal during the fasting month, to eat an early breakfast during the fasting month
sahur
a housewife
ibu rumah tangga
to be fetched, to be removed
diambil
a tub (in a bathroom), the tray (on the back of a truck)
bak
to trade
memperjualbelikannya
the sea
laut
to, before (when telling the time)
kurang (time)
a moment, a point in time, a short time, while, during
saat
to not succeed, to fail
gagal
to be arranged
diatur
an alley, a passageway, a corridor
gang
to care about, pay attention to
peduli
all sorts (of), various (kinds of)
bermacam-macam
a quarter
seperempat
a stew of beef chunks cooked until dry in spices and shredded coconut
rendang
efficient
efisien
to be accompanied
diantar
to combine, to merge
menggabungkan (gabungkan)
to break
pecah
long (of duration), old, longstanding, from the past
lama
breakfast, to have breakfast
sarapan
fasting, the Islamic Fast
puasa
a mechanic
montir
to be built
dibangun
what else?
apa lagi?
should, ought to
seharusnya
other
lain
until (a certain time) as far as (a certain place)
sampai
God
Allah
to type
mengetik (ketik)
to be read
dibaca
equipment
peralatan
practice
praktek
room
kamar
o'clock[a marker word used to express the time of day in hours and minutes]
pukul
thing, goods, piece of merchandise
barang
angry
marah
to be bought
dibeli
a reception area in a traditional Javanese house
pendopo
a certain person, someone
seseorang
This is ... (when you are introducing someone)
kenalkan
the head of a regency or a, sub-provincial district