Indonesian (Pimsleur, Indonesian Way, Uni of Queensland) 2 - Indonesian Way

QuestionAnswer
This is ... (when you are introducing someone)
kenalkan
to sit, to sit down
duduk
and
dan
usual, ordinary, normal
biasa
fine, good (in reply to 'How are you?')
baik-baik saja
what
apa?
How are you?
apa kabar?
night
malam
to eat
makan
I, me
saya
just, only
saja
late morning to mid afternoon
siang
safe (from trouble), Also: Congratulations!
selamat
to drink
minum
to go in, to come in, to enter
masuk
morning
pagi
(someone's) name, the name (of something)
nama
please (go ahead and...)
silakan
who
siapa
you
Anda
mid afternoon to early evening
sore
thank you
terima kasih
a long way away, distant
jauh
Japan
Jepang
Germany
Jerman
Sorry, I apologise
maaf
Egypt
Mesir
Really! Really?, Is that so!
O begitu!
France
Perancis
Russia
Rusia
New Zealand
Selandia Baru
I thought (that... )
saya kira
The United States of America
Amerika Serikat
Saudi Arabia
Arab Saudi
from
dari
China
Cina
to originally come (from), to originate (from)
berasal
The Netherlands, Holland
Belanda
English, Britain
Inggris
The Philippines
Filipina
from here
dari sini
from where
dari mana
Italy
Italia
this
ini
no, not (negating a verb, adjective, or preposition)
tidak
Singapore
Singapura
Greece
Yunani
shop
toko
hospital
rumah sakit
restaurant (r)
restoran
market
pasar
factory
pabrik
mosque
mesjid
house
rumah
school
sekolah
Mr, sir (a title and term of address)
Pak
to want (to do something), to want (something)
mau
building
gedung
Mrs, madam
Bu
to (preposition), towards, in direction of
ke
church
gereja
office
kantor
please, c'mon, let's, good bye
mari
(to) where
ke mana
meat
daging
can, able to (not dapat)
bisa
chicken
ayam
question marker for 'yes/no' questions
apakah
I, me (informal)
aku
soya bean biscuit, tempeh
tempe
to live (in a certain place), to stay
tinggal
can (not bisa)
dapat
tofu, soya bean curd
tahu (noun)
tea
teh
will, going to (future marker)
akan
milk
susu
to like
suka
water, Also: fluid, juice
air
egg
telur
you (informal)
kamu
want (to), wish (to) (ke)
kepingin
at, in, on
di
fish, a fish
ikan
coffee
kopi
restaurant (rm)
rumah makan
no, not (informal)
nggak
cooked rice
nasi
banana
pisang
bread, biscuit, cookie
roti
fried rice
nasi goreng
super market
pasar swalayan
there, over there
di sana
durian fruit
durian
hotel
hotel
citrus fruit
jeruk
also
juga
post office
kantor pos
potato
kentang
shopping mall
mal
chocolate, brown
coklat
but
tapi
orange juice
air jeruk
fried chicken
ayam goreng
or
atau
beer
bir
cinema, movie theatre
bioskop
university
universitas
fruit
buah
bus terminal
terminal bus
now
sekarang
internet cafe
warung internet
small streetside eatery
warung
city transport
angkot
administration
administrasi
book
buku
a bank, (i.e. a financial institution)
bank
behind, at the rear of, in back of
di belakang
between, among
di antara
city, town
kota
yes
ya
the centre
pusat
police station
kantor polisi
immigration
imigrasi
street, road
jalan
where at
di mana
beside, side-by-side (with), next to, in addition to
di samping
near
di dekat
library
perpustakaan
national
nasional
in front of
di depan
police, police officer
polisi
campus
kampus
the government
pemerintah
nearby, close by
dekat
to know (coll)
tau
there is, there are, to be present, to be in, to be at home
ada
your (informal)
-mu
my (informal)
-ku
to know
tahu (verb)
that, those
itu
leg, foot
kaki
must, have to
harus
to come
datang
(from) there
dari sana
horse cart
dokar
here
di sini
a three-wheeled taxicab
bemo
a three-wheeled pedicab
becak
bus
bus
to go, to move forward, to walk
berjalan
taxi
taksi
motorbike
sepeda motor
bicycle
sepeda
off you go
sana
to go
pergi
aeroplane
pesawat terbang
ship
kapal
I heard that..., they say..., people say that...
katanya
(to) there
ke sana
(to) here
ke sini
to go back, to come back, you're welcome, (in reply to 'thank you')
kembali
train
kereta api
car
mobil
by (when talking about a mode of transport), to get aboard, to go upwards, to ascend
naik
beautiful (of art works, scenery, items)
indah
delicious
enak
fast, quick
cepat
all kind of fruits
buah-buahan
big
besar
clean
bersih
new
baru
excellent, impressive, great, terrific, really good
bagus
full
penuh
drink
minuman
cheap
murah
sweet
manis
empty, vacant, zero, naught
kosong
dirty
kotor
corn
jagung
small
kecil
crowded, full of people, bustling, noisy
ramai
pleasant, nice, enjoyable
menyenangkan (senang)
expensive
mahal
food
makanan
how, what is .... like?
bagaimana
quite, pretty (adverb), enough
cukup
to study
belajar
very
sekali
bitter, without sugar(tea, coffee)
pahit
less, not so much, minus (in mathematical calculations)
kurang (mathematics)
slow
lambat
country
negara
spicy hot
pedas
that, which, who (relative pronoun)
yang
usually
biasanya
hot
panas
ugly, bad, poor (quality)
jelek
person, man/woman
orang
not, no (when negating a noun)
bukan
cold
dingin
kebabs, satay (meat roasted on skewers)
satai
to 'treat' someone, to 'shout' someone, to pay for someone
traktir
rambutan fruit)
rambutan
question
pertanyaan
with, together with
dengan
fried
goreng
oh! (exclamation of surprise, admiration etc.)
wah
to ask for something, to request
minta
answer
jawaban
the same, with, together with (in informal usage), and
sama
good, fine, very well
baik
Would you like (something)?, Would you like to (do something)?, Do you want to...?
apakah Anda mau...?
may, can. In reply to a question: Sure! No problem! Great!
boleh
to go for a stroll, to travel
berjalan-jalan
Indonesian (language)
bahasa Indonesia
what about (doing something), what if
bagaimana kalau...
okay, fine, very well
baiklah
language
bahasa
in a short while, later
nanti
that's fine, no problem, no worries
tidak apa-apa
if
kalau
to go out, to come out, to emerge, to exit
keluar
the first
pertama
university president, vice-chancellor
rektor
university student
mahasiswa
mathematics
matematika
continue, go ahead, to keep on ___-ing, to continue to...
terus
book shop
toko buku
literature
sastra
the study (of something), studies (in a certain field
studi
father
bapak
bakery
toko roti
a turn, to make a turn
belok
a dormitory
asrama
Chinese (the language)
bahasa Cina
English (the language)
bahasa Inggris
on the other side
di seberang
university lecturer, professor
dosen
a lecture (in a university course
kuliah
the second
kedua
information
informasi
political science
ilmu politik
chemistry
ilmu kimia
economics
ilmu ekonomi
geography
ilmu bumi
science, esoteric knowledge
ilmu
a faculty
fakultas
you, to address elder male
Bapak
Europe
Eropa
a lot (of), many, much
banyak
a place, room (i.e. space to put something)
tempat
the sea
laut
all sorts (of), various (kinds of)
bermacam-macam
long (of duration), old, longstanding, from the past
lama
other
lain
room
kamar
the head of a regency or a, sub-provincial district
bupati
a vegetable, vegetables
sayuran
football, soccer
sepak bola
a small boat, a traditional Indonesian, sailboat, a yacht
perahu
a (sports) match, a football match
pertandingan
a party, a festival
pesta
an island eg. the island of Bali
pulau
a garden, a plantation
kebun
a classroom, grade/schoolyear
kelas
a cake
kue
a river
sungai
(administrative unit) a village (d)
desa
a village (k)
kampung
town square
alun-alun
a table
meja
eleven
sebelas
ten
sepuluh
six
enam
seven
tujuh
four
empat
a telephone
telepon
-teen
-belas
two
dua
number (such-and-such), such-and-such a number, in room number 6
nomor
zero, nought
nol
five
lima
identity card (acronym)
KTP (Kartu Tanda Penduduk)
three
tiga
a, one, one person
seorang
one
satu
a number-word indicating multiples of ten
puluh
Mrs
Ibu
identity card
Kartu Tanda Penduduk (KTP)
a, one (prefix as in seratus)
se-
how much, how many, what (when asking about a, number)
berapa
eight
delapan
one thousand, a thousand
seribu
one hundred
seratus
equals (in mathematical, calculations/formulae)
sama dengan
rupiah (Indonesia's unit of currency)
rupiah
sum, total, quantity, number
jumlah
plus (in mathematical, calculations)
tambah
one thousand five hundred
seribu lima ratus
a vehicle
kendaraan
kilometre(s)
kilometer
roughly, about, approximately
kira-kira
in, inside, within
dalam
a picture
gambar
only
hanya
a truck
truk
several, some
beberapa
a tourist bureau, a travel agency
biro pariwisata
a station
stasiun
a sort, a kind, a sort of, a kind of
macam
correct, That's right., That's correct
betul
how many years?
berapa tahun?
(in) what year?
tahun berapa?
year
tahun
a president, President (so-and-so)
Presiden
to begin, to start, to make a beginning
mulai
a primary school, an elementary school
sekolah dasar
on, at, in (time)
pada
to be such-and-such an age, to be so many years old
berumur
someone's age, how old someone is
umur
to be born
lahir
If that's the case..., If that's how things stand...
kalau begitu
about, concerning, relating to
tentang
a brother/sister, a sibling, a relative
saudara
male
laki-laki
female
perempuan
to have
punya
parents
orang tua
a boyfriend / girlfriend
pacar
grandmother
nenek
husband
suami
he, she, him, her
dia
wife
istri
his, her, its
-nya
a child, a son/daughter
anak
a younger brother or sister, someone's younger sibling
adik
by the name of..., whose name is..., his/her/its name is...
namanya...
father
ayah
to work
bekerja
family
keluarga
grandfather
kakek
an older brother or sister, someone's older sibling
kakak
to work, (informal/slangy)
kerja
still (adverb)
masih
to say, (informal/slangy)
bilang
pretty, good-looking, 'spunky', 'hot', (informal/slangy)
cakep
or [when you are stressing, an 'either/or' contrast], (informal/slangy)
apa (conjunction)
not yet
belum
how, what is ... like?, (informal/slangy)
gimana
to get married
kawin
pretty, beautiful, (describing the appearance, of girls/women)
cantik
money, 'dough', (informal/slangy)
duit
that (informal/slangy demonstrative pronoun)
tuh
just, only
aja
already
udah
money
uang
friend
teman
famous
terkenal
with, together with, (informal/slangy)
ama
old
tua
parents (slangy abbreviation)
ortu
young
muda
such-and-such a date
tanggal
already
sudah
to be alive, to live
hidup
to go/come along, to join in, to also do something with, others
ikut
so, therefore, thus
jadi
information, data, a statement/declaration, (concerning the facts of a, matter)
keterangan
an address
alamat
a religion, religion (in general)
agama
to help someone, to assist someone
bantu
to go to school, (i.e. to be enrolled at a school)
bersekolah
again, further, extra, more, else
lagi
to pass away, (a polite way of saying, 'to die')
meninggal (tinggal)
oh! ouch!, (an exclamation of pain, shock or surprise)
aduh!
a signature
tanda tangan
how long have/has
sudah berapa lama
you, Mr, Mrs, Ms, (formal and egalitarian)
Saudara
excuse me
permisi
a senior technical high, school
Sekolah Teknik Atas
middle school
Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP)
bedroom
kamar tidur
bathroom
kamar mandi
roof
atap
fence
pagar
sitting room, lounge room
ruang keluarga
door, entrance
pintu
reception area (in a house)
ruang tamu
dining room
ruang makan
part
bagian
guest, visitor, customer (i.e. someone, who comes into a shop)
tamu
toilet, rest room
kamar kecil
front (when you are talking, about the front part of, something)
depan
storeroom, warehouse
gudang
yard, (i.e. a fenced/walled area, adjacent to a house/building)
halaman
for, (i.e. intended for someone, or something), (in order) to
untuk
a toilet (room), a toilet bowl, a WC
WC
tree
pohon
kitchen
dapur
window
jendela
to take a bath/shower
mandi
to go shopping, to do the shopping
berbelanja
to play
bermain
vegetables, a variety of vegetables, all sorts of vegetables
sayur-sayuran
wages, salary
gaji
very concerned (about, something)
prihatin
to chat
bercakap-cakap
in the process of...
sedang
to sleep, to go to bed
tidur
computer
komputer
rich
kaya
he, she
ia
they, their
mereka
to help someone, to assist
membantu (bantu)
to do the cooking, to cook (something)
masak
indeed, yes I agree, that's absolutely right
memang
the price of something
harga
flower pot
pot bunga
flower, the interest rate
bunga
household
rumah tangga
what are you looking for?
cari apa?
to look for
mencari (cari)
bottle
botol
radio
radio
bookcase, bookshelf
rak buku
how much is the price of...?
berapa harga ____ ?
television set, television
televisi
bed
tempat tidur
costs
harganya
clock, watch, hour, hours, o'clock
jam
desk, writing table
meja tulis
dining table
meja makan
easy chair, armchair
kursi malas
chair
kursi
stove, (including the small, benchtop stove)
kompor
(long) lounge chair, sofa
kursi panjang
cupboard
lemari
a lamp
lampu
wardrobe
lemari pakaian
fridge, refrigerator
lemari es
coloured ___, ___ in colour
berwarna
blue
biru
colour
warna
the end (of an object, i.e. the furthermost, extremity of something)
ujung
please (help me)
tolong
a short time, a moment
sebentar
white, colourless
putih
important
penting
red
merah
the sky
langit
then, after that, Then? Then what?, What happened then?
lalu
yellow
kuning
an interior wall, a dividing, wall (in a house)
dinding
to speak
berbicara
Hello
Halo
green
hijau
under, underneath, at the foot of
di bawah
above, over, on top of
di atas
a mobile phone, a hand phone
HP
a cylindrical pillow, a bolster
guling
black, dark coloured
hitam
right, (the opposite of left)
kanan
left, (the opposite of right)
kiri
drinking water
air putih
coconut juice, (for drinking)
air kelapa
broad, extensive, big (in area)
luas
mango
mangga
outside
di luar
bird
burung
to put a question, to ask a question
bertanya
dog
anjing
on the left, on the lefthand side (of)
di sebelah kiri
garage
garasi
in the middle, in the very middle of
di tengah-tengah
a household servant
pembantu (bantu)
tall, high
tinggi
on the right, on the righthand side (of)
di sebelah kanan
Oh, before I forget...
o ya
to have something, to own something
mempunyai (punyai)
teacher
guru
coconut
kelapa
a word, ... said so-and-so (in a, narrative)
kata
answer, ... answered so-and-so (in a, narrative)
jawab
first (before doing anything, else)
dulu (1)
to meet
bertemu
to stand, to stand up
berdiri
come on (let's...)
ayo
suddenly
tiba-tiba
(you) don't need to, don't bother
tidak usah
around, all around
sekeliling
like (i.e. resembling)
seperti
just now, earlier (today)
tadi
ask, ... asked so-and-so (in a, narrative)
tanya
character, (in a play, story)
peraga
to summon someone, to call out to someone
memanggil (panggil)
stage, raised platform
panggung
clothes, clothing
pakaian
possibly, maybe, perhaps, possible, may
mungkin
to open something
membuka (buka)
to see something/someone, to look at
melihat (lihat)
the outside, the exterior
luar
to run, to run away, to escape
lari
village head
kepala desa
office worker, employee
pegawai
to take one's leave of, to ask permission to leave
minta diri
to depart, to set off (to go somewhere) to leave (on a trip)
berangkat
to visit (a place)
berkunjung (ke)
to, before (when telling the time)
kurang (time)
a quarter
seperempat
breakfast, to have breakfast
sarapan
until (a certain time) as far as (a certain place)
sampai
o'clock[a marker word used to express the time of day in hours and minutes]
pukul
company, business enterprise
perusahaan
to have dinner
makan malam
to laugh
tertawa
to have lunch
makan siang
a half
setengah
past (when telling the time), to go past
lewat
to have breakfast
makan pagi
at midnight, in the middle of the night
tengah malam
not bad, quite good
lumayan
to come home, to go home
pulang
of course
tentu saja
(slangy)very, really
banget
(slangy) if as for (me/him/that etc.) as far as ... is concerned (informal)
kalo
c'mon, let's...
yuk
a field, a (sports) ground, an open space (especially for recreation)
lapangan
to run
berlari
fixed up, put right, all okay, resolved
beres
(slangy) to like (especially food)
doyan
to prefer, to like something better
lebih suka
late this afternoon (spoken earlier in the day)
nanti sore
tonight (spoken earlier in the day)
nanti malam
what time?
jam berapa?
to attend a lecture, to go to a lecture
ikut kuliah
[a slangy particle that adds emphasis and colour to a question]
sih
this afternoon (spoken in the morning)
nanti siang
(slangy) what kind of...
apaan
(informal)by (a certain mode of transport), with
pake
(informal) to meet, to find
ketemu
in the morning(s)
pada pagi hari
in the afternoon(s)
pada siang hari
sometimes, occasionally, from time to time
kadang-kadang
music
musik
wrong, to be wrong
salah
tennis
tenis
in the late afternoon(s)
pada sore hari
at night
pada malam hari
a day
hari
to do gymnastics, to do aerobics, to work out
bersenam
just, only
cuma
a television/radio program, something you plan to do
acara
particularly, the more so, especially
apalagi
an apartment, a flat, a unit
apartemen
difficult, hard to do
sulit
sport
olahraga
to be going steady, to be dating, to be going out with
pacaran
to do something, to undertake something, to make (a trip, effort)
melakukan (lakukan)
park
taman
this, at the moment, now
nih
why? why on earth...?, what (is someone) doing?, what for? what's the point?, what's going on?
ngapain
early morning jogging
lari pagi
after (doing something), after (a certain time)
sesudah
swimming pool
kolam renang
activity
kegiatan
prayer room (for Muslims), a small mosque
musala
(informal) thanks
makasih
to swim, to go swimming
berenang
to rest, to take a rest, to take a break
beristirahat
you (Jakarta slang)
lu
to say/do your prayers, to worship
bersembahyang
a day off, a (day off for a) holiday, a one-day holiday
hari libur
what about (you)?, what about (her/John etc.)
kalau (Anda) bagaimana?
definitely, sure to be, bound to (be...), must be (i.e. bound to be)
pasti
the whole family
sekeluarga
quiet, lonely, deserted
sepi
to really like, to enjoy, to love (doing something)
suka sekali
not allowed to, shouldn't, can't (i.e. not permitted to)
tidak boleh
free time, spare time, leisure time
waktu senggang
whisky
wiski
last night
tadi malam
glass (i.e. a tumbler you drink from), a drinking glass
gelas
night club
kelab malam
just a moment, wait a moment, hang on a sec
nanti dulu
to believe
percaya
wine
anggur
badminton
bulu tangkis
tired
capai
all, all of them, everyone, everybody
semua
so ... after all, it turns out that ... after all
ternyata
Thursday
hari Kamis
Friday
hari Jumat
Saturday
hari Sabtu
yesterday
kemarin
Sunday
hari Minggu
tomorrow
besok
today
hari ini
Wednesday
hari Rabu
when?
kapan
Monday
hari Senin
Tuesday
hari Selasa
a schedule
jadwal
travel agent
agen perjalanan
a flight
penerbangan
according to
menurut
a ticket
tiket
to read
membaca (baca)
magazine
majalah
to wash
mencuci (cuci)
to clean something
membersihkan (bersihkan)
to (when you are talking about something that is directed towards an individual or a group of people, not a place)
kepada
a broom (to sweep floor)
sapu
what are (you) doing?, what is (he/she) doing?
sedang apa?
newspaper
surat kabar
a letter (i.e. an item of correspondence)
surat
to watch something (especially TV, a sports match, a performance, a movie, a spectacle)
menonton (tonton)
to listen to something
mendengarkan (dengarkan)
novel
novel
to sweep
menyapu (sapu)
to write
menulis (tulis)
plate, the dishes
piring
to comb your hair
bersisir
before (a certain time/event)
sebelum
to buy something
membeli (beli)
to go and get something, to fetch something, to reach out and remove, to pick up something
mengambil (ambil)
to brush your teeth
menggosok gigi
then (after that)
kemudian
self, by oneself (without help from anyone), alone
sendiri
view, scene, panorama, (natural) scenery
pemandangan (pandang)
to get ready, to make preparations, to prepare (for something)
bersiap-siap
to get dressed, to be dressed
berpakaian
news
berita
to get up (out of bed)
bangun
week
minggu
to happen, occur, transpire, take place
jadi (verb)
stylish, trendy
keren
to try to do something, to try something out, to try on (clothes)
mencoba (coba)
we (including the person or persons you are talking to)
kita
we (excluding the person or persons you are talking to)
kami
to arrive in/at (a place), to reach (a destination)
sampai di + name of places
...ago, last...
yang lalu
to wish (to...), to want (to...)
ingin
(informal) to go to the movies, to watch something (especially TV, a sports match, a parade etc.)
nonton (tonton)
electronic
elektronik
after (informal)
habis (informal for 'sesudah')
device, tool, implement
alat
a shirt, a dress, an upper-body garment, (also loosely: clothes)
baju
to sit around (in a casual or leisurely way)
duduk-duduk
in former times, a long time ago, used to (i.e. regularly happened in former times)
dulu (2)
(informal) to make (something)
bikin
to make (something)
membuat (buat)
Dutch
bahasa Belanda
to be in power, to be the dominant force
berkuasa
a boarding house
rumah kos
very early in the morning
pagi-pagi
(informal) to snore
ngorok
why?
mengapa?
to give something
memberikan (berikan)
why?
kenapa?
land lady
ibu kos
a subject (of study at a university), a course, a unit of study
mata kuliah
all sorts (of), all kinds (of), various kinds of
macam-macam
..., right? ...have you? ...do you? ...does he/she? ...okay? (seeking confirmation or approval)
ya?
an act of parliament, law(s) of the land
undang-undang
because
karena
law, the law (as a body of regulations or an area of study)
hukum
this afternoon (spoken later in the day)
tadi siang
this morning (spoken later in the day)
tadi pagi
(informal) in the morning
kalo pagi
philosopher
ahli filsafat
to sell
menjual (jual)
to become, to be
menjadi (jadi)
to lose (a contest/fight etc.), to be defeated
kalah
million
juta
special, exceptional, out of the ordinary
istimewa
guitar
gitar
to win
menang
to repair something, to fix something broken
memperbaiki (perbaiki)
a song, a tune, a piece of music
lagu
less..., not quite..., don't/doesn't really..., isn't/aren't really...
kurang +adjective
philosopher
filsuf
a seed, seed, a berry, a pip beans (e.g. coffee beans), the stone (in stone fruit)
biji
volley ball
bola voli
some (noun)
ada yang, ada ____ yang
the other one
yang lain
not very..., not especially, not particularly...
tidak begitu
the (adjective) one
yang + (adjective)
clever, intelligent, smart
pintar
absolutely, at all, completely, totally (in negative expressions)
sama sekali
to be good at (doing something), clever, intelligent, smart
pandai
once, ever, at some time in the past
pernah
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berdagang
to think, to ponder, to ruminate
berpikir
to sing
menyanyi (nyanyi)
to sing (a certain song)
menyanyikan (nyanyikan)
time
waktu
never (the opposite of 'always')
tidak pernah
that's enough, that will do
sudah cukup
alone, on your own (i.e. without a companion)
sendirian
for (a certain period of time)
selama
history
sejarah
always
selalu
to use something, to wear something
memakai (pakai)
to keep (as a pet, domestic animal or farm animal)
memelihara (pelihara)
to wait, to wait for (someone / something), to await
menunggu (tunggu)
to ask for assistance/help
minta tolong
to teach (someone / students / pupils / a subject), to do teaching
mengajar (ajar)
to help someone (especially someone in difficulty)
menolong (tolong)
cheeks
pipi
while (one person performing two actions at the same time)
sambil
lobby
lobi
caviar
kaviar
happy, enjoying yourself, to like something, to like doing something
senang
chamapgne
sampanye
a woman, a lady
wanita
private (i.e. not state-owned)
swasta
cooking, cuisine, cooked food
masakan
to kiss someone, to smell, to sniff something
mencium (cium)
to pay
membayar (bayar)
to choose
memilih (pilih)
including, among them
di antaranya
detective
detektif
by (i.e. done/made/written by)
oleh
at the time when
pada waktu
luxurious
mewah
how long
berapa lama
rose
mawar
finally, in the end, eventually, lastly
akhirnya
high school, secondary school
sekolah menengah
to be shut/closed (for a holiday etc.), to have time off (from work/school etc.)
libur
(the Javanese term for) the period of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting month
Lebaran
to fast, to abstain from food and drink
berpuasa
to greet each other (usually by shaking hands)
bersalaman
to break your fast, to have a meal in the evening after a day of fasting
berbuka puasa
to assemble, to gather, to come together
berkumpul
the fasting month
bulan puasa
furniture
perabot
to thank God
bersyukur
the next day, the following day
besoknya
to apologise, to ask for forgiveness
mohon maaf
to make a visit back to your home village in the countryside, to go upstream
mudik
a prayer (especially a personal, meditative prayer)
doa
dark, not well lit
gelap
to take, to bring, to carry (something somewhere)
membawa (bawa)
to lead
memimpin (pimpin)
to say something, to utter something, to pronounce (a sound)
mengucapkan (ucapkan)
to apologise, to ask for forgiveness
minta maaf
God is great
Allahu Akbar
a gift/present brought back for family or a friend after a trip somewhere
oleh-oleh
everywhere
di mana-mana
outwardly and inwardly
lahir dan batin
lumps of rice boiled in packets made from woven leaves (a special food eaten at Idul Fitri)
ketupat
hungry
lapar
floor
lantai
thirsty
haus
a feast day, a big religious holiday
hari raya
times, a time
kali
very learned and pious Muslim
ulama
place of work
tempat kerja
to make the pilgrimage to Mecca
naik haji
each, every
setiap
the festival of Ied, the (usually two) days of celebrations at the end of the Muslim fasting month
Idul Fitri
to eat a pre-dawn meal during the fasting month, to eat an early breakfast during the fasting month
sahur
a moment, a point in time, a short time, while, during
saat
a stew of beef chunks cooked until dry in spices and shredded coconut
rendang
fasting, the Islamic Fast
puasa
God
Allah
thing, goods, piece of merchandise
barang
a verse, a stanza (from a poem or from holy scripture)
ayat
The Koran (the holy book of Islam)
Al-Qur'an
to chant Allahu Akbar (God is Great) in chorus over and over
takbiran
to be a follower of such-and-such a religion
beragama
batik
batik
religious prophet
nabi
dancing, dance (popular western style), disco/ballroom dancing
dansa
to gamble
berjudi
the food served at a meal
hidangan
warm
hangat
when (i.e. after something in the future has happened)
kalau...sudah
the middle of the night, late at night
larut malam
lottery
lotre
casino
kasino
next week
minggu depan
next month
bulan depan
soup
sop
what if, supposing, supposing that..., in the event that...
seandainya
finished, completed (doing or making something), over
selesai
next year
tahun depan
nest
sarang
what's on the agenda...?, what are (we/you, they) up to...?, what will (we/they) do...?
apa acara...
a small child, a little boy/girl
anak kecil
supposing, supposing that, in the event that...
andai kata
to dance (western style, disco style)
berdansa
maybe, probably, hopefully
barangkali
December
Desember
October
Oktober
November
November
August
Agustus
September
September
birthday
hari ulang tahun
independence
kemerdekaan
independent
merdeka
to shift, to move
pindah
to take a holiday, to go on vacation
berlibur
moon, month
bulan
last month
bulan yang lalu
Christmas Day
hari Natal
often
sering
New Year
Tahun Baru
July
Juli
June
Juni
examination
ujian
what date?
tanggal berapa?
January
Januari
next
yang akan datang
March
Maret
February
Februari
May
Mei
April
April
petrol, gasoline
bensin
to arrive
tiba
tradition, old customs, traditional or customary law
adat
to stop, to come to a halt
berhenti
ticket
karcis
to drop by, to make a short stop/visit, to call in (at a place)
singgah
plan
rencana
province
provinsi
firstly, first of all
pertama-tama
trip, journey, travel
perjalanan
to stay (for one or more nights e.g. in a hotel or with a friend/relative), to sleep over
menginap (inap)
interesting, attractive
menarik (tarik)
strong
kuat
lake
danau
mountain
gunung
forest
hutan
just one or two, just a few, a couple
satu dua
view, vista, scenery
pemandangan alam
tourist
wisatawan
tourist (as an adjective)
pariwisata
nature. natural
alam
bureau
biro
coast, coastline, shore, beach
pantai
for example
misalnya
agent, agency
agen
small hotel
losmen
more, -er (when comparing qualities to quantities)
lebih
more
lebih banyak
(informal) A slangy exclamation which, when it appears at the beginning of a phrase or sentence, expresses mild surprise and incredulity
lho
what, which one
mana
(informal) I don't believe you/it!, come off it!, you're kidding me!
masak!
boring
membosankan (bosankan)
modern
modern
the main thing is
pokoknya
opinion
pendapat
friendly
ramah
to be of the same age
seumur
to live in one house
serumah
to be of the same opinion
sependapat
to share one room
sekamar
classmate
teman sekelas
(informal) fine, acceptable. nice, great
sip
strange, weird, puzzling
aneh
true
benar
than
daripada
crude, oafish, impolite, rough to the touch
kasar
by comparison with, than
ketimbang
(informal)how come?, why?
kok
to be honest, to be quite frank, frankly speaking
terus terang
to agree
setuju
too (as in too much)
terlalu
very, extremely
sangat
to be able to
sanggup
museum
museum
to understand
mengerti
even more expensive
lebih mahal lagi
even more, even (adjective)-er
lebih banyak lagi
even further away
lebih jauh lagi
clear
jelas
careful, cautious
hati-hati
really, truly, genuinely
betul-betul
weather
cuaca
complete
lengkap
almost
hampir
refined, well-spoken
halus
in addition to that, moreover, furthermore
di samping itu
just as good
tidak kalah
polite
sopan
the parliament
parlemen
broken, out of order, not working, damaged
rusak
sick, ill
sakit
farmer
petani
calm, tranquil
tenang
in a hurry
terburu-buru
healthy
sehat
to be scared, to be afraid
takut
the air
udara
safe, secure
aman
kind, understanding
baik hati
dangerous
berbahaya
animal
binatang
bored, sick of something
bosan
(medical) doctor, physician
dokter
entertainment
hiburan
to damage, destroy break something
merusak (rusak)
to catch
menangkap (tangkap)
easy
mudah
poor
miskin
crime
kejahatan
don't forget
jangan lupa
environment
lingkungan
an open field
ladang
criminal
penjahat (jahat)
work, job, employment
pekerjaan
an orang-outang
orang utan
preferably, it would be good if..., it would be better to..., should
sebaiknya
better, it would be better if/to..., should
lebih baik
don't
jangan
ape
kera
employee, staff, worker
karyawan
handicrafts
kerajinan tangan
wood
kayu
airport
bandar udara
the real thing, genuine, not imitation
asli
volcano
gunung api
region
daerah
Balinese Hindu temple
pura
community, society, public, people of a certain place
masyarakat
everything, all the components or items
segala-galanya
the cost, the rate
tarif
direct, directly
langsung
art, fine art
kesenian
ceremony
upacara
located, sited
terletak
the cost of a service, the charge of a service, the fare
ongkos
traditional house
rumah adat
where (as a relative pronoun)
tempat (relative pronoun)
foreigner
orang asing
to hold, to have (a meeting/gathering/event)
mengadakan (adakan)
made from
terbuat dari
pirate
bajak laut
that
bahwa
west, western, the West
barat
help, assistance
bantuan
rhinoceros
badak
for
atas (2)
noise
bunyi
at a loss what to do, worried and undecided, undecided who/what to believe, confused
bingung
passenger
penumpang (tumpang)
because of this/that, for this reason, that is why...
oleh karena itu
let's hope that, I hope that
mudah-mudahan
to hear
mendengar (dengar)
to come/go down, to descend, to get out (of a vehicle), to disembark
turun
south, southern
selatan
strait
selat
tiger
harimau
vanished, disappeared, gone, lost
hilang
to the left and right of, on both sides of, all around
di kanan-kiri
elephant
gajah
overseas, abroad
di luar negeri
to die, dead
mati
capital city
ibu kota
eruption
letusan
to erupt
meletus (letus)
to murder someone
membunuh (bunuh)
seat
tempat duduk
international
internasional
business, commerce
bisnis
how many times?
berapa kali?
composition
komposisi
package
paket
popular
populer
as
sebagai
traffic lane
jalur
interested (in)
tertarik
in particular, especially
khususnya
economy class
kelas ekonomi
to fly
terbang
a pencil
pensil
a feeling, a sense, a sensation of something
rasa
to store something away, to save/deposit money
menyimpan (simpan)
to shut something, to close something
menutup (tutup)
to fry something
menggoreng (goreng)
to arrange something, to regulate something
mengatur (atur)
sad, to feel sadness
sedih
to take/accompany someone somewhere, to deliver something or someone to a certain place
mengantar (antar)
to ask someone for something (respectfully)
mohon
to count something
menghitung (hitung)
to have one thing replaced with another, to change
berganti
to feel (an emotion), to feel that...
merasa (rasa)
a verb
kata kerja
to hit someone/something, to strike
memukul (pukul)
a pen
pena
to change, to evolve, to be different from before
berubah
to fill something
mengisi (isi)
to receive something, to accept something
menerima (terima)
to get married
menikah (nikah)
to send something
mengirim (kirim)
to change, to alter
mengubah (ubah)
rice (as it grows in a paddy field or dry field), a rice plant
padi
to cut something, to cut something off
memotong (potong)
to plant something, to grow something e.g. a crop
menanam (tanam)
a dictionary
kamus
a dentist
dokter gigi
an accountant
akuntan
a player
pemain (main)
a businessman, a businesswoman, an entrepreneur
pengusaha (usaha)
conscientious, industrious, hard-working, disciplined, diligent
rajin
actually, to be honest, as a matter of fact
sebetulnya
shoes
sepatu
a secretary
sekretaris
a driver
sopir
a soldier, the army, the armed forces
tentara
to answer the phone, to take a phone call
terima telepon
the things you have to do (as part of a job), a task, duties, obligations
tugas
a carpenter
tukang kayu
a journalist, a reporter
wartawan
an electrician
tukang listrik
an engineer
insinyur
a housewife
ibu rumah tangga
to not succeed, to fail
gagal
efficient
efisien
a mechanic
montir
to type
mengetik (ketik)
angry
marah
a type, a category, a class of something, a species of something
jenis
a waiter / waitress
pelayan (layan)
a civil servant
pegawai negeri
to paint
melukis (lukis)
cattle, cow, farm ox
sapi
workshop, repairshop
bengkel
school principal
kepala sekolah
an artist
seniman
cook
tukang masak
a gift, a present
hadiah
mother, a lady, you (in addressing an elder female)
ibu
animal's tail, counter-word for animals
ekor
to take care of something
mengurus (urus)
matters requiring attention, affairs
urusan
biscuits, cookies
kue kering
rarely, seldom
jarang
plan/program of action
program
meeting
rapat
chili-based side dish, chili paste
sambal
a little, a few
sedikit
development
pembangunan (bangun)
organisation
organisasi
snackfood
makanan kecil
used up, all gone
habis
it is only then that...
baru (2)
problem
masalah
to build/construct something
membangun (bangun)
a villager
orang desa
to try to find a way
mencari jalan
after (a more formal variant of sesudah)
setelah
to conduct an interview
berwawancara
pronunciation
ucapan
writing, piece of writing
tulisan
researcher
peneliti (teliti)
special, specific (adjective)
khusus
you're welcome
terima kasih kembali
once more, once again
sekali lagi
spelling
ejaan
alphabet
abjad
letter
huruf
public, general
umum
first, earlier
lebih dulu
science
ilmu pengetahuan
vocational
kejuruan
too few, not enough
kurang banyak
curriculum
kurikulum
different
berbeda
basic, foundation
dasar
world
dunia
matter
hal
most
sebagian besar
education
pendidikan (didik)
plant
tanaman
system
sistem
belonging of, owned by
milik
subject
mata pelajaran
below
bawah
local content
muatan lokal
above
atas (1)
level
tingkat
included in, including
termasuk
(adjective) state, government (owned)
negeri
agricultural enterprise
usaha tani
school student
siswa
agriculture
pertanian
plural marker for human beings
para
engine, machine
mesin
washing machine
mesin cuci
middle-level
menengah (tengah)
result, yield
hasil
goat
kambing
way
cara
physics
fisika
in nature, in character
bersifat
useful
berguna
to garden
berkebun
water buffalo
kerbau
skill
keterampilan
high school
Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA)
at that time
pada waktu itu
together
bersama-sama
various
berbagai
social science
ilmu pengetahuan sosial
natural science
ilmu pengetahuan alam
uncle
paman
to say something
mengatakan (katakan)
laboratory
laboratorium
the ____th (of number)
yang ke-
Catholic
Katolik
degree, professional title, title of respect
gelar
agricultural economic
ekonomi pertanian
aunt
bibi
expert
ahli
mechanical engineering
teknik mesin
university graduate
sarjana
sociology
sosiologi
agricultural