Lesson 127: The suffix -(y)ken
In this lesson, you will learn about the copula -(y)ken. This suffix creates adverbs out of verbs and make adjectives/nouns predicates. Its meaning is close to "when" or "while".
It combines with many other suffixes, but for now we will only see it with aorist and adjectives/nouns. -(y)ken does not take personal markers, so we have to express the subject at the beginning of the sentence. Let's see how:
|Ben çocukken (...)||When I was a kid (...)|
|Sen yolda koşarken (...)||While you were running on the road (...)|
|Kamil arabaya bakarken (...)||While Kamil was looking at the car (...)|
As in other suffixes beginning with (y), the y appears when the suffix is preceded by a vowel.
|Ülkemiz bu haldeyken (...)||When our country is in this condition (...)|