In this lesson, you will learn the rest of the functions of -Dİk and -(y)EcEk. A quick reminder of what those are:
-Dİk and -(y)EcEk are used when relativizing:
- The direct object (which you saw in the previous lesson)
- The indirect object or the adverb (which you saw in the previous lesson)
- The possessor of a constituent which is not the subject
- The possessed of a constituent which is not the subject
Now let's see some examples for the third function.
Mimar, binanın şeklini tasarlayacak.
Babam hırsızın burnunu kırdı.
The architect will design the shape of the building.
My father broke the thief's nose.
Mimarın şeklini tasarlayacağı bina
Babamın burnunu kırdığı hırsız
The building that the architect will design the shape of
The thief that my father broke the nose of
The fourth function is a little different. You can only use this kind of sentences with pronouns as subjects of the relative clause. Let's see:
Pantolonumun fermuarını bozdum.
Limonun kabuğunu soyacaksınız.
I broke the zipper of my pants.
You will peel lemon rind.
Pantolonumun bozduğum fermuarı
Limonun soyduğunuz kabuğu
[Lit.] the zipper, which I broke, of my pants
[Lit.]The rind, which you peeled, of lemon
Like the second function, notice how the accusative cases of fermuar and kabuk have dropped.