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15. Irregular verbs

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Lesson 15: Irregular verbs

In the verbs gitmek, etmek, tatmak and gütmek, the t at the end of the stem changes into a d when it is followed by a vowel.

I am going home. (Ben) eve gidiyorum.
Please taste the orange. Lütfen portakalı tadın.
He is herding the sheep. (O) koyunları güdüyor.
She is dancing. (O) dans ediyor.

The verb etmek sometimes sneaks up as part of a verb, such as in seyretmek and hissetmek. Seyretmek is a combination of seyir, which means observation, and etmek which means to do or to make. Hissetmek is a combination of his, which means feeling, and the verb etmek.

When the verb etmek appears in a verb like this, the t at the end of the stem also changes into a d when it is followed by a vowel.

I feel good. (Ben) iyi hissediyorum.
We are watching television. (Biz) televizyon seyrediyoruz.

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