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Lesson 92: After, before and without verbs

For nouns, we already know how to say after, before and without, namely by attaching -DEn sonra, -DEn önce and -sİz to the noun respectively. In this lesson, we will learn how to say without, before and after in Turkish using verbs instead of nouns.

For saying after + verb we take the stem and we add -DİktEn sonra.

I will come after eating dinner. Akşam yemeğini yedikten sonra geleceğim.
After drinking tonight I will be very drunk. Bu akşam içtikten sonra çok sarhoş olacağım.
Do the dishes after having breakfast. Kahvaltı yaptıktan sonra bulaşıkları yıka.
Do your homework after coming home from school. Okuldan eve geldikten sonra ödevini yap.

For saying before + verb we take the stem and we add -mEdEn önce.

Think before you speak. Konuşmadan önce düşün.
Finish your homework before playing. Oynamadan önce ödevini bitir.
I want to be home before it starts raining. Yağmur yağmaya başlamadan önce evde olmak istiyorum.
Eat your vegetables before eating your dessert. Tatlını yemeden önce sebzelerini ye.

Saying without + verb is the same as saying before + verb, only without the word önce.

He went out of the house without taking his umbrella. Şemsiyesini almadan evden çıktı.
He got on the bus without paying. Ödemeden otobüse bindi.
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