Philosophy 241 - 12.5 Postmodernism

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Outline the main tenets of postmodernism.
  • Analyze structuralist theories in psychology and linguistics.
  • Evaluate the post-structuralist response to structuralism.
  • Explain concepts central to the thought of Derrida, Nietzsche, and Foucault.

Many modern scholars embraced the idea that the world operates according to a set of overarching universal structures. This view proposes that as we continue to progress in terms of technological, scientific, intellectual, and social advancements, we come closer to discovering universal truths about these structures. This view of progression toward truth gave rise to a school of thought known as structuralism, which is pervasive in many academic fields of study, as discussed below. Postmodernism departs from this way of thinking in rejecting these ideas and contending that there exists no one reality that we can be certain of and no absolute truth.

The content of this course has been taken from the free Philosophy textbook by Openstax