Korean 7 - Reading 7 - Food - verbs with consonant stem

QuestionAnswer
this (thing)
이것igeos
topic particle (after a consonant)
eun
This is a ball.
이것은 공이에요.igeoseun gongieyo.
pronounced : i-geos-eun kong-i-e-yo.
what
mwo
mweo
What is this?
이것은 뭐예요?igeoseun mwoyeyo?
igeoseun mweo-ye-yo?
food
음식eumsik
eum-shik
This is food.
이것은 음식이에요.igeoseun eumsigieyo.
igeos-eun eumshig-i-e-yo.
What (kind of) food is this?
이 음식은 뭐예요?i eumsigeun mwoyeyo?
i eumshigeun mweoyeyo?
kimchi
김치gimchi
kim-chi
This is kimchi.
이것은 김치예요.igeoseun gimchiyeyo.
igeoseun kimchi-yeyo.
butter
버터beoteo
peo-teo
to eat
먹다meokda
Do you eat butter?
버터를 먹어요?beoteoreul meogeoyo?
peo-teo-reul meog-eo-yo?
to drink
마시다masida
ma-shi-da
I drink
마셔요masyeoyo
ma-sh(y)eo-yo
I drink milk.
우유를 마셔요.uyureul masyeoyo.
u-yu-reul ma-sh(y)eo-yo.
water
mul
Which character is romanized as tt? strong d sound with no air coming out of your mouth
for typing it is either that you push longer on the ㄷ button or you have to use shift ㄷ

Let's review 3 characters:

ㄷ (about 2-3 cm of your tongue touch the palate just behind your front teeth)

ㅌ ( tongue tip touches about a cm behind the front teeth. Much air comes from your mouth)

ㄸ (strong d sound, but no air comes out of your mouth, as if the sound goes inward your mouth )

or
또는ttoneun
beer
맥주maekju
maegju
Do you drink water or beer?
물을 또는 맥주를 마셔요?mureul ttoneun maekjureul masyeoyo?
mureul ttoneun maegjureul mash(y)eoyo?
pibimbap
비빔밥bibimbap
pibimbap
Do you eat kimchi or bibimbap?
김치를 또는 비빔밥을 먹어요?gimchireul ttoneun bibimbabeul meogeoyo?
kimchi-reul tto-neun pibimbabeul meogeoyo?
to be delicious
맛있다masissda
masshita - (s at end of word /last syllable becomes 't'; this is also the case before the infinitive ending '-da' where -s-da turns into 'ta')
It is delicious!
맛있어요!masisseoyo!
mash-iss-eo-yo
Bibimbap is delicious.
비빔밥 맛있어요.bibimbap masisseoyo.
bibimbap mashisseoyo.
really
정말jeongmal
Is kimchi delicious?
김치 맛있어요?gimchi masisseoyo?
kimchi mashisseoyo ?
Yes, it is really delicious.
네, 정말 맛있어요.ne, jeongmal masisseoyo.
ne, jeongmal mashisseoyo.
cucumber
오이oi
o-i
salt
소금sogeum
pepper
후추huchu
Pepper or salt ?
후추 또는 소금?huchu ttoneun sogeum?
sugar
설탕seoltang
Sugar or salt?
설탕 또는 소금?seoltang ttoneun sogeum?
noodles
국수guksu
kug-su
rice
bap
pap
potato
감자gamja
kamja
Rice or noodles?
밥 또는 국수?bap ttoneun guksu?
pap ttoneun kuksu ?
Do you eat potatoes or rice?
감자를 또는 밥을 먹어요?gamjareul ttoneun babeul meogeoyo?
kamjareul ttoneun pabeul meogeoyo?
Meat
고기gogi
kogi
This meat is delicious.
이 고기 맛있어요.i gogi masisseoyo.
i kogi mashisseoyo.
Do butterflies eat sugar?
나비는 설탕을 먹어요?nabineun seoltangeul meogeoyo?
nabineun seoltangeul meogeoyo?
and (in order to connect two sentences)
-고go
There are various 'and's' for various purposes. So this one is not meant for 'salt and pepper' but for connecting entire sentences 'I want salt and I want also pepper.'
I eat cheese and I drink milk.
치즈를 먹어고 우유를 마셔요.chijeureul meogeogo uyureul masyeoyo.
Did you notice, the first verb lost its 'yo' and the 'yo' of the second verb counts for both verbs.
Enjoy your meal ! Bon appetit! (Lit. I will eat well.)
잘 먹겠습니다jal meokgessseupnida
speak: Jal meogesseumnida, the combination ㅂ+ ㄴ (b+n) is pronounced as: mn.

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