Lesson 155: The verb 言う
言う is the Japanese word for to say or to speak. It behaves like other verbs but it is used in conjunction with two different particles: the particle と when making a quotation, or the particle を for non-quotes. You can also use 言う to ask how to say something in Japanese using this useful pattern: XXXXは日本語で何と言いますか？
Note that in the last sentence the particle を is used instead of と. Otherwise, the sentence would have meant: She didn't say "that". You'll learn more about quoting people in a later lesson.
|how, whatLiterally: what with||
|How do you say "car" in Japanese?||
"Car" ha nihongo de nanto iimasu ka?
|"Watermelon" is "suika" in Japanese.||
"Watermelon" ha nihongo de suika to iimasu.
|Please say it again.||
mou ikkai itte kudasai.
|She didn't say that.||
kanozyo ha sore wo iimasen desita.