Japanese 179 - Dates

Dates are written by placing the day counter にち after the day of the month you would like to specify. Unfortunately, the day counter has by far the most irregularities of any counter. The 1st to the 10th, the 14th, the 17th, the 20th, the 24th and the 27th are all irregular.

For regular dates, the date is simply the number followed by the day counter にち. For example, the 15th is じゅうにち and the 31st is さんじゅういちにち.

Note that the Xth day and X days are said in the same way in Japanese for all numbers other than one.

day oneついたちtsuitachi
one dayいちにちichinichi
day two; two daysふつfutsuka
day three; three daysみっmikka
day four; four daysよっyokka
day five; five daysいつitsuka
day six; six daysむいmuika
day seven; seven daysなのnanoka
day eight; eight daysようyouka
day nine; nine daysここのkokonoka
day ten; ten daysとおtooka
day fourteen; fourteen daysじゅうよっjuuyokka
day fifteen; fifteen daysじゅうにちjuugonichi
day seventeen; seventeen daysじゅうしちにちjuushichinichi
day twenty; twenty dayshatsuka
day twenty-four; twenty-four daysじゅうよっnijuuyokka
day thirty-one; thirty-one daysさんじゅういちにちsanjuuichinichi

The counter ねん can be used for counting years. Counting years is completely regular except when ねん is preceded by , in which case is pronounced as . Below you can see the ねん counter used in an example sentence.