German 15 - Questions

QuestionAnswer
why
adverb
warum
what
pronoun
was
where
adverb
wo
when
adverb
wann
I eat
phrase
ich esse
you eat
phrase
du ißt
Remember: ss in 1 syllable = ß >ißt
ss in 2 syllables = ss > es-se
the hunger
noun
der Hunger
I am hungry.
sentence
Ich habe Hunger.
because, since
conjunction
weil
because I am hungry
phrase
weil ich Hunger habe
Pay attention to how the word order changes.

Ich habe Hunger.
...weil ich Hunger habe.

I eat, because I am hungry.
sentence
Ich esse, weil ich Hunger habe.
to make; to do
verb
machen

Like English we have two similar verbs: to do (tun) and to make (machen).

However in English it is more common to do things. To make is mainly used in the context of producing something. (cake, homework, chairs...)

In German it is the opposite. We prefer machen for both meanings, and use tun only in certain expressions.

today
adverb
heute
What are you doing?
sentence
Was machst du?
What are you doing today?
sentence
Was machst du heute?
nothing
pronoun
nichts
special
adverb
besonders

Er ist besonders. - He is special.

Er ist besonders unglücklich. - He is especially unhappy.

Er ist heute besonders gut gelaunt. - He is in a particularly good mood today.

Der Kaffee ist heute besonders stark. - The coffee is particularly strong today.

as an adjective it declines. Let's for now remember the nom sg form besondere

der besondere Mann - the special man

die besondere Frau - the special woman

das besondere Kind - the special child

nothing special
phrase
nichts Besonderes

Here Besonderes is a nominalized adjective

In other words, it's the adjective besondere turned into a noun

I am not doing anything special.
sentence
Ich mache nichts Besonderes.
I am doing the same as always.
sentence
Ich mache dasselbe wie immer.

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