Home / Learn Japanese / 103. Expressing purpose with the verb stem + に

Learn Japanese
Lesson 103: Expressing purpose with the verb stem + に

By combining a verb stem + the particle + the verb or , you can express the reason for going or coming somewhere. Using this pattern it is possible to make sentences like "I am going shopping" or "He came to see his friend." Place the verb stem of the word that expresses the purpose before the particle. See the below table for some example sentences using this pattern.

English Japanese
I am going shopping. わたしものをしにきます。
watashi wa kaimono o shi ni ikimasu.
He went to eat something. かれなにべにきました。
kare wa nanika tabe ni ikimashita.
What did you go to do? なにをしにきましたか?
nani o shi ni ikimashita ka?
Andrew is going to meet Jon. アンドリューさんはジョンさんにいにきます。
andoryuu san wa jon san ni ai ni ikimasu.
She came to my apartment to eat dinner. かのじょわたしのマンションへよるはんべにました。
kanojo wa watashi no manshon e yorugohan o tabe ni kimashita.
Question Answer