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Lesson : The passive tense (4)

The past tense is very similar to the conjugation for the potential tense for -る ending verbs we covered several lessons ago. To conjugate to the passive tense add られます to its stem form.

Using the passive tense is best demonstrated by taking an active sentence and making it a passive one. Look at the below examples sentences and their passive equivalents. In the passive, the object in the active sentence becomes the subject and subject becomes the object with the に-particle attached.

Active Passive
ねこはチーズを食べました。 チーズがねこに食べられました。
彼女は本を書きました。 本は彼女に書かれました。
黒澤さんは「七人の侍」を監督しました。 「七人の侍」は黒澤さんにされました。

Check out the example sentences below for more example sentences using the passive tense.

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