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Dutch

Lesson 2: Verbs

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In the table below, you can see the first Dutch verbs you will learn.

EnglishDutch
to drinkdrinken
to waitwachten
to knowsomeonekennen
to bakebakken

The verbs above are presented in the infinitive form, and if we want to combine them with personal pronouns in order to make sentences, we will need to conjugate them.

InfinitiveStem
drinkendrink
wachtenwacht
kennenken
bakkenbak

Conjugating a verb simply means to change its shape, and in order to do this, we first create the stem form by cutting off the en at the end, and if we end up with the same letter twice, we'll also cut off one of them.

Now we know how to obtain the stem of a verb, we can use it in our conjugation rules for different persons.

PersonRule
ikstemik drink
I drink
ik wacht
I wait
ik ken
I know
ik bak
I bake
jijstem + tjij drinkt
you drink
jij wacht
you wait
jij kent
you know
jij bakt
you bake
hij/zij/hetstem + thij drinkt
he drinks
zij wacht
she waits
hij kent
he knows
zij bakt
she knows
wij/jullie/zijinfinitivewij drinken
we drink
jullie wachten
you wait
zij kennen
they know
zij bakken
they bake

Note that for the second person singular, jij, we don't add a t after the stem if the stem already ends in a t.

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